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State of Conservation (SOC)

  • Results
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317
Reports
226
Properties
104
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
aapravasi ghatAapravasi Ghat mauritius Mauritius 2014 No
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2014 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
agra forttaj mahalfatehpur sikriAgra Fort
Taj Mahal
Fatehpur Sikri
india India 2013 No
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2014 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Forestry /wood production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2013 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Forestry /wood production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
aksumAksum ethiopia Ethiopia 2013 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Structural instability of Stele 3
No
alto douro wine regionAlto Douro Wine Region portugal Portugal 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2013 Desertification, Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient building complex in the wudang mountainsAncient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains china China 2014 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient building complex in the wudang mountainsAncient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains china China 2013 Management activities, No
ancient city of aleppoAncient City of Aleppo syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
ancient city of aleppoAncient City of Aleppo syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 War, No
ancient city of bosraAncient City of Bosra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Housing, Illegal activities, War, Yes
ancient city of bosraAncient City of Bosra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 War, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, No
ancient city of nessebarAncient City of Nessebar bulgaria Bulgaria 2013 Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2013 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ancient villages of northern syriaAncient Villages of Northern Syria syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
ancient villages of northern syriaAncient Villages of Northern Syria syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, War, No
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 2014 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological areas of pompei, herculaneum and torre annunziataArchaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata italy Italy 2013 Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Series of structural collapses at the property
No
archaeological site of carthageArchaeological Site of Carthage tunisia Tunisia 2014 Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2014 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Governance, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2013 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
archaeological site of panamá viejo and historic district of panamáArchaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá panama Panama 2013 Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework,
Other Threats: Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threaten the Outstanding Universal Value of the property
No
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2014 Flooding, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2013 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
bagrati cathedral and gelati monasteryBagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery georgia Georgia 2014 Management activities,
Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
Yes
bagrati cathedral and gelati monasteryBagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery georgia Georgia 2013 Management activities,
Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2014 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
bam and its cultural landscapeBam and its Cultural Landscape iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2013 Housing, Yes
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2014 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2013 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, No
belize barrier reef reserve systemBelize Barrier Reef Reserve System belize Belize 2014 Housing, Invasive / alien marine species, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Oil and gas, Yes
belize barrier reef reserve systemBelize Barrier Reef Reserve System belize Belize 2013 Housing, Invasive / alien marine species, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Oil and gas, Yes
birthplace of jesus: church of the nativity and the pilgrimage route, bethlehemBirthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem palestine Palestine 2014 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Urgent and necessary consolidation works required (roofing, ...)
Yes
birthplace of jesus: church of the nativity and the pilgrimage route, bethlehemBirthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem palestine Palestine 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Urgent and necessary consolidation works required (roofing, ...)
Yes
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2013 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
budapest, including the banks of the danube, the buda castle quarter and andrássy avenueBudapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue hungary Hungary 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation of residential housing in the area inscribed as World Heritage
No
camino real de tierra adentroCamino Real de Tierra Adentro mexico Mexico 2013 No
cathedral, alcázar and archivo de indias in sevilleCathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville spain Spain 2013 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
cerrado protected areas: chapada dos veadeiros and emas national parksCerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks brazil Brazil 2013 Fire (widlfires), Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, No
champaner-pavagadh archaeological parkChampaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park india India 2013 No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2014 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Continuous deterioration of earthen architecture structures and decorated surfaces from lack of conservation and maintenance practices
Yes
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2013 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Continuous deterioration of earthen architecture structures and decorated surfaces from lack of conservation and maintenance practices
Yes
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 2013 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the site
No
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, No
churches of chiloeChurches of Chiloé chile Chile 2014 Commercial development, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
churches of chiloeChurches of Chiloé chile Chile 2013 Commercial development, No
churches of moldaviaChurches of Moldavia romania Romania 2013 No
city of cuzcoCity of Cuzco peru Peru 2013 No
city of potosiCity of Potosí bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2014 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Instability and risk of collapse of the Cerro Rico; Deficiencies in conservation: special attention required for the restoration and upgrading of structures with residential use and the archaeological industrial heritage
No
city of potosiCity of Potosí bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Instability and risk of collapse of the Cerro Rico; Deficiencies in conservation: special attention required for the restoration and upgrading of structures with residential use and the archaeological industrial heritage
No
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 2014 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 2013 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
cliff of bandiagara (land of the dogons)Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) mali Mali 2014 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, War, No
cliff of bandiagara (land of the dogons)Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) mali Mali 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, War, No
coiba national park and its special zone of marine protectionCoiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection panama Panama 2014 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
coiba national park and its special zone of marine protectionCoiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection panama Panama 2013 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2014 Earthquake, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, Underground transport infrastructure, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2013 Earthquake, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2014 Civil unrest, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2013 Civil unrest, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
cornwall and west devon mining landscapeCornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2014 Commercial development, Mining, No
cornwall and west devon mining landscapeCornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2013 Commercial development, Mining, No
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2014 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: a) Serious deterioration of materials and structure; b) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property
Yes
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2013 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: a) Serious deterioration of materials and structure; b) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property; c) Absence of detailed and technical information on the state of conservation of the property since 2007;
Yes
crac des chevaliers and qal’at salah el-dinCrac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, War, Yes
crac des chevaliers and qal’at salah el-dinCrac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 War, No
cultural and historic ensemble of the solovetsky islandsCultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands russian federation Russian Federation 2014 Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of monitoring
No
cultural and historic ensemble of the solovetsky islandsCultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands russian federation Russian Federation 2013 Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of monitoring
No
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2014 Civil unrest, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Risk of imminent collapse of the Giant Buddha niches; Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintings
Yes
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2013 Civil unrest, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Risk of imminent collapse of the Giant Buddha niches; Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintings; Anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordinances (i.e. munitions)
Yes
cultural landscape of bali province: the subak system as a manifestation of the tri hita karana philosophyCultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy indonesia Indonesia 2014 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Governance, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, No
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2014 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2014 Commercial hunting, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Water infrastructure, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2013 Commercial hunting, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Water infrastructure, No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2014 Crop production, Major linear utilities, Non-renewable energy facilities, Oil and gas, Pollution of marine waters, Water (extraction) , Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: State of the Guadalquivir River and dredging project
No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2013 Crop production, Major linear utilities, Non-renewable energy facilities, Oil and gas, Pollution of marine waters, Water (extraction) , Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: State of the Guadalquivir River and dredging project
No
dong phayayen-khao yai forest complexDong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex thailand Thailand 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Forest fragmentation / Need for ecological corridors
No
dong phayayen-khao yai forest complexDong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex thailand Thailand 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Forest fragmentation / Need for ecological corridors
No
east rennellEast Rennell solomon islands Solomon Islands 2014 Changes to oceanic waters, Commercial hunting, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Forestry /wood production, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Storms, Yes
east rennellEast Rennell solomon islands Solomon Islands 2013 Changes to oceanic waters, Commercial hunting, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Forestry /wood production, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
ecosystem and relict cultural landscape of lope-okandaEcosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda gabon Gabon 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ecosystem and relict cultural landscape of lope-okandaEcosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda gabon Gabon 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
ensemble of the ferapontov monasteryEnsemble of the Ferapontov Monastery russian federation Russian Federation 2013 No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2014 Ground water pollution, Housing, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
Yes
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2013 Ground water pollution, Housing, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2014 Financial resources, Housing, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2014 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragile state of the property and accelerated degradation by environmental factors and the lack of maintenance
Yes
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2013 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragile state of the property and accelerated degradation by environmental factors and the lack of maintenance
Yes
fossil hominid sites of south africaFossil Hominid Sites of South Africa south africa South Africa 2013 Ground water pollution, Mining, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Acid mine drainage
No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2014 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2014 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management activities, War, Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2013 Civil unrest, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management activities, War, Yes
gebel barkal and the sites of the napatan regionGebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region sudan Sudan 2014 Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Wind, No
gebel barkal and the sites of the napatan regionGebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region sudan Sudan 2013 Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Wind, No
giant's causeway and causeway coastGiant's Causeway and Causeway Coast united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2014 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
giant's causeway and causeway coastGiant's Causeway and Causeway Coast united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2013 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure, No
golden temple of dambullaGolden Temple of Dambulla sri lanka Sri Lanka 2014 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses,
Other Threats: Continued deterioration of the paintings; New Buddha statue introduced at the entrance to the property
No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 2014 Marine transport infrastructure, Non-renewable energy facilities, Oil and gas, Pollution of marine waters, Temperature change, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 2013 Marine transport infrastructure, Non-renewable energy facilities, Oil and gas, Pollution of marine waters, Temperature change, No
gros morne national parkGros Morne National Park canada Canada 2014 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
gros morne national parkGros Morne National Park canada Canada 2013 Oil and gas, No
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2013 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
gulf of porto: calanche of piana, gulf of girolata, scandola reserveGulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve france France 2013 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Non-renewable energy facilities, Oil and gas, No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2014 Financial resources, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2013 Financial resources, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Industrial areas, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Continued degradation of the vernacular architecture within the protected zones (particularly Ottoman-period timber houses in the Zeyrek and Süleymaniye core areas)
No
historic bridgetown and its garrisonHistoric Bridgetown and its Garrison barbados Barbados 2014 No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2013 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic centre of agadezHistoric Centre of Agadez niger Niger 2014 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to describe in a unified and practical form the indicators for monitoring the property and the results of their application
No
historic centre of bruggeHistoric Centre of Brugge belgium Belgium 2014 Housing,
Other Threats: Gradual erosion of the attributes that convey the Outstanding Universal Value and consequently threaten the integrity of the property with regards to its overall coherence and originality.
No
historic centre of bukharaHistoric Centre of Bukhara uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2013 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
historic centre of český krumlovHistoric Centre of Český Krumlov czech republic Czech Republic 2013 No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 2013 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of macaoHistoric Centre of Macao china China 2013 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of mexico city and xochimilcoHistoric Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco mexico Mexico 2013 High impact research / monitoring activities, No
historic centre of pueblaHistoric Centre of Puebla mexico Mexico 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to initiate a process for the recovery of the urban and social fabric of the property
No
historic centre of saint petersburg and related groups of monumentsHistoric Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments russian federation Russian Federation 2014 No
historic centre of the city of salzburgHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburg austria Austria 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
historic centres of berat and gjirokastraHistoric Centres of Berat and Gjirokastra albania Albania 2013 Housing, Illegal activities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2014 Commercial development, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2013 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic inner city of paramariboHistoric Inner City of Paramaribo suriname Suriname 2014 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Need to implement urgent measurements in Inner City to address decay and erosion of the attributes of the property.
No
historic quarter of the city of colonia del sacramentoHistoric Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento uruguay Uruguay 2014 No
historic quarter of the seaport city of valparaisoHistoric Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso chile Chile 2014 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic quarter of the seaport city of valparaisoHistoric Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso chile Chile 2013 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2013 Avalanche/ landslide, Flooding, Governance, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of grand-bassamHistoric Town of Grand-Bassam cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2013 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, Water (rain/water table), No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2014 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2014 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historical centre of the city of yaroslavlHistorical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl russian federation Russian Federation 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historical centre of the city of yaroslavlHistorical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl russian federation Russian Federation 2013 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historical monuments at makli, thattaHistorical Monuments at Makli, Thatta pakistan Pakistan 2013 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Stability of the foundations (earth mechanics) of the Jam Nizamuddin tomb
No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2014 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Yes
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2013 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Localised utilities, Management activities, Yes
humberstone and santa laura saltpeter worksHumberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works chile Chile 2014 Management systems/ management plan, Wind,
Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction; b) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years; c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is given; d) Very little conservation work carried out
Yes
humberstone and santa laura saltpeter worksHumberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works chile Chile 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Wind,
Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction; b) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years; c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is given; d) Very little conservation work carried out
Yes
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2014 Financial resources, Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
iguazu national parkIguazu National Park argentina Argentina 2014 Financial resources, Governance, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
island of goreeIsland of Gorée senegal Senegal 2013 Financial resources, No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 2014 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Growing number of collapsed or seriously dilapidated buildings
No
island of saint-louisIsland of Saint-Louis senegal Senegal 2014 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
island of saint-louisIsland of Saint-Louis senegal Senegal 2013 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants
No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2014 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, War,
Other Threats: Villages in the ecological corridor between the highland and lowland sectors of the park
Yes
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2013 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, War,
Other Threats: Villages in the ecological corridor between the highland and lowland sectors of the park
Yes
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2013 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2013 Air transport infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
kenya lake system in the great rift valleyKenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley kenya Kenya 2014 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Renewable energy facilities, No
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 2014 Invasive / alien freshwater species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 2014 Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 2013 Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2014 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2013 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
kremlin and red square, moscowKremlin and Red Square, Moscow russian federation Russian Federation 2013 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2014 Management systems/ management plan, No
l'viv – the ensemble of the historic centreL'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre ukraine Ukraine 2013 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2014 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2013 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , No
lake malawi national parkLake Malawi National Park malawi Malawi 2014 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Surface water pollution, No
lake malawi national parkLake Malawi National Park malawi Malawi 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
lake turkana national parksLake Turkana National Parks kenya Kenya 2014 Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure, No
lake turkana national parksLake Turkana National Parks kenya Kenya 2013 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure, No
lakes of ouniangaLakes of Ounianga chad Chad 2014 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Solid waste, No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2014 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2013 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
No
lines and geoglyphs of nasca and pampas de jumanaLines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana peru Peru 2013 No
liverpool – maritime mercantile cityLiverpool – Maritime Mercantile City united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2014 Commercial development, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
liverpool – maritime mercantile cityLiverpool – Maritime Mercantile City united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2013 Commercial development, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2014 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Nothofagus dieback
No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2013 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2014 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2013 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
lower valley of the omoLower Valley of the Omo ethiopia Ethiopia 2014 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Industrial areas, Land conversion, No
lower valley of the omoLower Valley of the Omo ethiopia Ethiopia 2013 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Industrial areas, Land conversion, No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2014 Air pollution, Housing, Industrial areas, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
macquarie islandMacquarie Island australia Australia 2013 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, No
mahabodhi temple complex at bodh gayaMahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya india India 2014 Management systems/ management plan, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
mana pools national park, sapi and chewore safari areasMana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas zimbabwe Zimbabwe 2014 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2014 Civil unrest, Crop production, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Water infrastructure, No
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2014 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2013 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Yes
mapungubwe cultural landscapeMapungubwe Cultural Landscape south africa South Africa 2013 Industrial areas, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
masjed-e jāme of isfahanMasjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2014 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
masjed-e jāme of isfahanMasjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2013 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
mausoleum of khoja ahmed yasawiMausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi kazakhstan Kazakhstan 2014 Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Construction of a new mosque
No
mausoleum of khoja ahmed yasawiMausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi kazakhstan Kazakhstan 2013 Housing,
Other Threats: Construction of a new mosque
No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 2013 Air transport infrastructure, High impact research / monitoring activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
No
medieval monuments in kosovoMedieval Monuments in Kosovo serbia Serbia 2014 Civil unrest, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property
Yes
medieval monuments in kosovoMedieval Monuments in Kosovo serbia Serbia 2013 Civil unrest, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property
Yes
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2013 Commercial development, Housing, Underground transport infrastructure, No
melaka and george town, historic cities of the straits of malaccaMelaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca malaysia Malaysia 2013 No
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2014 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Flooding, High impact research / monitoring activities, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Inclination of the Minaret
Yes
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2013 Civil unrest, High impact research / monitoring activities, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Inclination of the Minaret
Yes
mont-saint-michel and its bayMont-Saint-Michel and its Bay france France 2014 Earthquake, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Storms, No
monte san giorgioMonte San Giorgio italy,switzerland Italy
Switzerland
2013 Management systems/ management plan, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
2014 Air pollution, Drought, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , No
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2013 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Community-wildlife conflit
No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2014 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2013 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
national history park – citadel, sans souci, ramiersNational History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers haiti Haiti 2014 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
national history park – citadel, sans souci, ramiersNational History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers haiti Haiti 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
natural and cultural heritage of the ohrid regionNatural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region the former yugoslav republic of macedonia the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
neolithic site of catalhoyukNeolithic Site of Çatalhöyük turkey Turkey 2013 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
new lanarkNew Lanark united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2014 Housing, Quarrying, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2014 Crop production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2014 Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Translocated species, Water infrastructure, Yes
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2013 Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Translocated species, Water infrastructure, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Mining, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Mining, Yes
old city of dubrovnikOld City of Dubrovnik croatia Croatia 2014 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2014 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural risk factors; Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2013 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural risk factors; Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2014 Housing, Land conversion, Management activities,
Other Threats: Functional decay of the residential neighborhoods
No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2013 Housing, Land conversion, Management activities,
Other Threats: Functional decay of the residential neighborhoods
No
old town of galle and its fortificationsOld Town of Galle and its Fortifications sri lanka Sri Lanka 2014 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
old town of galle and its fortificationsOld Town of Galle and its Fortifications sri lanka Sri Lanka 2013 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
old town of lijiangOld Town of Lijiang china China 2013 Management systems/ management plan, No
old towns of djenneOld Towns of Djenné mali Mali 2014 Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, War,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
No
old towns of djenneOld Towns of Djenné mali Mali 2013 Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, War,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
No
osun-osogbo sacred groveOsun-Osogbo Sacred Grove nigeria Nigeria 2014 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Surface water pollution, No
ouadi qadisha (the holy valley) and the forest of the cedars of god (horsh arz el-rab)Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) lebanon Lebanon 2014 Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
palace and gardens of schonbrunnhistoric centre of viennaPalace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
Historic Centre of Vienna
austria Austria 2013 Housing, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
palace of westminster and westminster abbey including saint margaret’s churchPalace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2014 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
palace of westminster and westminster abbey including saint margaret’s churchPalace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2013 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2013 Management systems/ management plan, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2014 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2013 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
pitons management areaPitons Management Area saint lucia Saint Lucia 2014 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Renewable energy facilities, No
pitons management areaPitons Management Area saint lucia Saint Lucia 2013 Housing, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
pitons, cirques and remparts of reunion islandPitons, cirques and remparts of Reunion Island france France 2013 Fire (widlfires), Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
port, fortresses and group of monuments, cartagenaPort, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena colombia Colombia 2014 No
portovenere, cinque terre, and the islands (palmaria, tino and tinetto)Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) italy Italy 2013 Avalanche/ landslide, Flooding, No
prambanan temple compoundsPrambanan Temple Compounds indonesia Indonesia 2013 No
pre-hispanic city of teotihuacanPre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan mexico Mexico 2014 No
prehistoric sites and decorated caves of the vezere valleyPrehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley france France 2013 Micro-organisms, No
primeval beech forests of the carpathians and the ancient beech forests of germanyPrimeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany germany,slovakia,ukraine Germany
Slovakia
Ukraine
2014 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
primeval beech forests of the carpathians and the ancient beech forests of germanyPrimeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany germany,slovakia,ukraine Germany
Slovakia
Ukraine
2013 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, Localised utilities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, No
puerto-princesa subterranean river national parkPuerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park philippines Philippines 2014 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
pyrenees - mont perduPyrénées - Mont Perdu france,spain France
Spain
2014 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
qal’at al-bahrain – ancient harbour and capital of dilmunQal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun bahrain Bahrain 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
rainforests of the atsinananaRainforests of the Atsinanana madagascar Madagascar 2014 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Subsistence hunting, Yes
rainforests of the atsinananaRainforests of the Atsinanana madagascar Madagascar 2013 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Subsistence hunting, Yes
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2014 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2014 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2013 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, Yes
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Human resources, No
rock-hewn churches, lalibelaRock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela ethiopia Ethiopia 2014 Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 2014 No
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 2013 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire; Major deterioration of almost 50% of the earthen structural components
No
ruins of kilwa kisiwani and ruins of songo mnaraRuins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2014 Management systems/ management plan, Yes
ruins of kilwa kisiwani and ruins of songo mnaraRuins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2013 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Governance, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric
Yes
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2014 Financial resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Other climate change impacts, No
sagarmatha national parkSagarmatha National Park nepal Nepal 2014 Air pollution, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, Other climate change impacts, No
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2014 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, War, Yes
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2013 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
samarkand – crossroad of culturesSamarkand – Crossroad of Cultures uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Conservation of urban fabric
No
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2014 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2013 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
san agustin archaeological parkSan Agustín Archaeological Park colombia Colombia 2013 No
sangha trinationalSangha Trinational cameroon,central african republic,congo Cameroon
Central African Republic
Congo
2014 Civil unrest, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Mining, No
sangha trinationalSangha Trinational cameroon,central african republic,congo Cameroon
Central African Republic
Congo
2013 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, No
sangiran early man siteSangiran Early Man Site indonesia Indonesia 2014 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2014 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Reduction of elephant population
No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2013 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Reduction of elephant population
No
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2014 Air transport infrastructure, Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species
Yes
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species
Yes
site of palmyraSite of Palmyra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
site of palmyraSite of Palmyra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 War, No
socotra archipelagoSocotra Archipelago yemen Yemen 2013 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Invasive / alien marine species, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
stone town of zanzibarStone Town of Zanzibar tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2014 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Environmental pressures in relation with the Malindi port project; Natural disasters and lack of risk-preparedness
No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2014 Illegal activities, Mining, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Water infrastructure, No
taxilaTaxila pakistan Pakistan 2013 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying,
Other Threats: Lack of vegetation control
No
temple and cemetery of confucius and the kong family mansion in qufuTemple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu china China 2014 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, No
the sundarbansThe Sundarbans bangladesh Bangladesh 2014 Non-renewable energy facilities, Storms,
Other Threats: Dredging of the Pashur River
No
three parallel rivers of yunnan protected areasThree Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas china China 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Signage; Apparent decline in wildlife populations
No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2014 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Marine transport infrastructure, No
tiwanaku: spiritual and political centre of the tiwanaku cultureTiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2014 Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
tiwanaku: spiritual and political centre of the tiwanaku cultureTiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2013 Governance, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
tokaj wine region historic cultural landscapeTokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape hungary Hungary 2013 No
tomb of askiaTomb of Askia mali Mali 2014 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
tomb of askiaTomb of Askia mali Mali 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
tombs of buganda kings at kasubiTombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi uganda Uganda 2014 Management activities, Yes
tombs of buganda kings at kasubiTombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi uganda Uganda 2013 Management activities, Yes
tower of londonTower of London united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2014 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2014 No
tropical rainforest heritage of sumatraTropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra indonesia Indonesia 2014 Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, Yes
tropical rainforest heritage of sumatraTropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra indonesia Indonesia 2013 Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2013 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
No
upper middle rhine valleyUpper Middle Rhine Valley germany Germany 2013 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Renewable energy facilities, No
vat phou and associated ancient settlements within the champasak cultural landscapeVat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
venice and its lagoonVenice and its Lagoon italy Italy 2014 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Marine transport infrastructure, Water infrastructure, No
vilnius historic centreVilnius Historic Centre lithuania Lithuania 2013 Housing, No
virgin komi forestsVirgin Komi Forests russian federation Russian Federation 2014 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
virgin komi forestsVirgin Komi Forests russian federation Russian Federation 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2014 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, War, Yes
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2013 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, War, Yes
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2013 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, No
vredefort domeVredefort Dome south africa South Africa 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
wadi rum protected areaWadi Rum Protected Area jordan Jordan 2014 Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
walled city of baku with the shirvanshah's palace and maiden towerWalled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2014 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2014 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
works of antoni gaudiWorks of Antoni Gaudí spain Spain 2013 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.