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State of Conservation (SOC)

  • Results
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337
Reports
51
Properties
15
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
aflaj irrigation systems of omanAflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman oman Oman 2009 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
aflaj irrigation systems of omanAflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman oman Oman 2007 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2014 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2012 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2010 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (extraction) , Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2007 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2006 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Lack of consolidation and engineering measures
Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Lack of consolidation and engineering measures
Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2004 Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2003 Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2001 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Risk of collapse
No
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 1992 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses, No
amphitheatre of el jemAmphitheatre of El Jem tunisia Tunisia 1992 Commercial development, Housing, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2013 Desertification, Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2012 Desertification, Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2010 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2009 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts, Society's valuing of heritage, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2007 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Desertification, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2006 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Desertification, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2003 Desertification, Governance, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2002 Desertification, Governance, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Storms, No
ancient city of aleppoAncient City of Aleppo syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
ancient city of aleppoAncient City of Aleppo syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 War, No
ancient city of bosraAncient City of Bosra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Housing, Illegal activities, War, Yes
ancient city of bosraAncient City of Bosra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 War, No
ancient city of bosraAncient City of Bosra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1997 Financial resources, Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2011 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2010 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: poor state of conservation
No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2009 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Poor state of conservation
No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2008 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Poor state of conservation
No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2007 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Poor state of conservation
No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1999 Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1998 Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1997 Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1996 Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1994 Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1993 Management activities, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1992 Management activities, No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2013 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2012 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2010 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2007 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2006 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 1998 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, No
ancient villages of northern syriaAncient Villages of Northern Syria syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
ancient villages of northern syriaAncient Villages of Northern Syria syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, War, No
ancient villages of northern syriaAncient Villages of Northern Syria syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2012 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
anjarAnjar lebanon Lebanon 1998 Military training, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 2007 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 2006 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 2005 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 2004 Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 2000 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1999 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1998 Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1997 Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1996 Illegal activities, Legal framework, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
arabian oryx sanctuaryArabian Oryx Sanctuary oman Oman 1995 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological site of carthageArchaeological Site of Carthage tunisia Tunisia 2014 Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological site of carthageArchaeological Site of Carthage tunisia Tunisia 2012 Governance, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological site of carthageArchaeological Site of Carthage tunisia Tunisia 2011 Housing, Legal framework, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2014 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Governance, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2013 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2012 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2011 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2010 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Inadequate on-site security and control systems
No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Inadequate on-site security and control systems
No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2007 Crop production, Housing, Illegal activities, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2006 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Lack of maintenance, insufficient guardianship and control system inside and outside the archaeological area
No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Micro-organisms, Relative humidity, Temperature, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Uncontrolled growth of plants and trees
No
archaeological site of leptis magnaArchaeological Site of Leptis Magna libya Libya 1990 Flooding, No
archaeological site of volubilisArchaeological Site of Volubilis morocco Morocco 2007 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological site of volubilisArchaeological Site of Volubilis morocco Morocco 2006 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological site of volubilisArchaeological Site of Volubilis morocco Morocco 2005 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities,
Other Threats: Need to preserve the landscape
No
archaeological sites of bat, al-khutm and al-aynArchaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn oman Oman 1996 Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Several repairs or preventive measures needed
No
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2014 Flooding, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2013 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2012 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2011 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2010 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2009 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2008 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures;
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2007 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2006 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2004 Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Lack of maintenance
Yes
baalbekBaalbek lebanon Lebanon 1999 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table), No
baalbekBaalbek lebanon Lebanon 1998 Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table), No
baalbekBaalbek lebanon Lebanon 1996 Ground transport infrastructure, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table), No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2014 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2012 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2010 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2009 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2008 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort;
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2007 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2006 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2005 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structure of the Fort
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2004 Commercial development, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2003 Commercial development, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2002 Commercial development, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2001 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2000 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1999 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1998 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1997 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1996 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1995 Management activities,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1994 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1993 Management activities,
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
Yes
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 1988
Other Threats: Degradation of the structures
No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2014 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2013 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2007 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2006 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2005 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas,
Other Threats: a) Absence of any real ecotourism policy and strategy; b) Poor progress recorded in the improvement of the living conditions of the local populations
No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2004 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2002 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2001 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 1997 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 1994
Other Threats: Capture operation of the monk seal
No
birthplace of jesus: church of the nativity and the pilgrimage route, bethlehemBirthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem palestine Palestine 2014 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Urgent and necessary consolidation works required (roofing, ...)
Yes
birthplace of jesus: church of the nativity and the pilgrimage route, bethlehemBirthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem palestine Palestine 2013 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Urgent and necessary consolidation works required (roofing, ...)
Yes
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 2003 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 2002 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 2000 Management systems/ management plan, No
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 1999 Management systems/ management plan, No
byblosByblos lebanon Lebanon 1998 Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
crac des chevaliers and qal’at salah el-dinCrac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, War, Yes
crac des chevaliers and qal’at salah el-dinCrac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 War, No
gebel barkal and the sites of the napatan regionGebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region sudan Sudan 2014 Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Wind, No
gebel barkal and the sites of the napatan regionGebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region sudan Sudan 2013 Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Wind, No
gebel barkal and the sites of the napatan regionGebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region sudan Sudan 2011 Flooding, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Wind, No
gebel barkal and the sites of the napatan regionGebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region sudan Sudan 2010 Flooding, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Wind, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2013 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2012 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2011 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2009 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2008 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2007 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2006 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2005 Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2004 Air pollution, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2002 Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2001 Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2000 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 1999 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 1998 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 1997 Management activities, No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 1995 Management activities, No
historic city of meknesHistoric City of Meknes morocco Morocco 2011 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic city of meknesHistoric City of Meknes morocco Morocco 2010 Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: The origin of the collapse could be attributed to a combination of different factors such as insufficient dimensions for the foundations, instability of the ground, probable gradual degradation of the land through lack of drainage and/or possible leaks in urban water pipes of the surrounding area of the building, and finally, sudden infiltration of this ground due to very heavy rainfall a few days prior to the accident
No
historic city of meknesHistoric City of Meknes morocco Morocco 2000 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Water (rain/water table), No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2014 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Serious degradation of the city’s heritage (many houses and the ancient souq are in an alarming deterioration state)
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2010 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Serious degradation of the city’s heritage (many houses and the ancient souq are in an alarming deterioration state);
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Serious degradation of the city’s heritage (many houses and the ancient souq are in an alarming deterioration state);
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management activities,
Other Threats: a) Serious degradation of the city’s heritage (many houses and the ancient souk are in an alarming deterioration state)d) Lack of conservation measures and supportive developments.
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2007 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Serious deterioration of the city’s heritage
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2006 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Serious deterioration of the city's heritage
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2005 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the traditional urban fabric
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Deteriorated state of some of the monuments
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2003 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation measures
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2002 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation measures
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2001 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation measures
Yes
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2000 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Relative humidity, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation measures
No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 1996 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management activities, Relative humidity, Solid waste, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2010 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2008 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2007 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2006 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2005 Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2004 Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2003 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2002 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2001 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2000 Air pollution, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1999 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1998 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Excessive salinity of the water
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1997 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1996 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1990 Financial resources, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1989 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1987 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1986 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 1985 Air pollution, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2013 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2011 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2009 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: b) Lack of maintenance of dwelling places;
No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2007 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Poor upkeep of the dwelling places
No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2005 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Lack of maintenance of housing; b) Collapse of houses (three dead and others injured in May 2002)
No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2004 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural erosion, b) Dilapidation, c) Lack of maintenance
No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2003 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2001 Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 1996 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 1995 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 1994 Human resources, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 1993 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2014 Management systems/ management plan, No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Partial abandonment of the property
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Partial abandonment of the property;
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2007 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Near total abandonment of the property
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2006 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Near total abandonment of the property
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Near total abandonment of the site
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2004 Avalanche/ landslide, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: State of abandonment and degradation
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2003 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: Site in a state of quasi-total abandon and greatly degraded
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2002 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: This site has progressively become degraded
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2001 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: This site has progressively become degraded
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2000 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: This site has progressively become abandoned and has degraded
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 1992
Other Threats: No threat indicated
No
m'zab valleyM'Zab Valley algeria Algeria 2008 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Flooding, Ground water pollution, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Degradation of the environment
No
m'zab valleyM'Zab Valley algeria Algeria 2006 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Flooding, Ground water pollution, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the environment
No
m'zab valleyM'Zab Valley algeria Algeria 2004 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Housing, Legal framework,
Other Threats: Heritage badly maintained
No
m'zab valleyM'Zab Valley algeria Algeria 2001 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community,
Other Threats: Degradation of the overall natural environment
No
medina of essaouira (formerly mogador)Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) morocco Morocco 2008 Commercial development, Solid waste,
Other Threats: a) Progressive deterioration of the built area b) Continuous collapse of buildingsc) Major deterioration of the maritime part of the fortifications of the Medina
No
medina of essaouira (formerly mogador)Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) morocco Morocco 2006 Commercial development, Solid waste,
Other Threats: a) Progressive deterioration of the built framework; b) Continuous collapse of the buildings; c) Advanced deterioration of the maritime part of the fortified wall of the Medina
No
medina of essaouira (formerly mogador)Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) morocco Morocco 2005 Commercial development, Solid waste,
Other Threats: a) Progressive deterioration of the built framework; b) Absence of a rehabilitation policy for the Mellah Quarter; c) Continuous collapse of the buildings and advanced deterioration of the maritime part of the fortified wall of the Medina
No
medina of essaouira (formerly mogador)Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) morocco Morocco 2004 Commercial development, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Input of excess energy, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Water (rain/water table), Wind,
Other Threats: The general state of conservation of the property is a cause for concern
No
medina of fezMedina of Fez morocco Morocco 2004 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Illegal activities, Solid waste, No
medina of fezMedina of Fez morocco Morocco 2003 Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: partial covering of the Oued Boukhrareb
No
medina of fezMedina of Fez morocco Morocco 1995 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2007 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2005 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2004 Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 1998 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 1995 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 1994 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 1990 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the stones
No
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2014 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural risk factors; Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2013 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural risk factors; Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2012 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural risk factors; Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factorse) Deterioration of monuments;
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2010 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factorse) Deterioration of monuments;
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factorse) Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factors b) Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2007 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural risk factorsDeterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2006 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factorsb) Deterioration of monument
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2005 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factors; b) Conservation of archaeological heritage; c) Deterioration of monuments; d) Alteration of the built fabric.
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2004 Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Temperature change,
Other Threats: a) Lack of maintenance; b) Natural factors
Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 1982 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Loss of historical authenticity
No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2014 Housing, Land conversion, Management activities,
Other Threats: Functional decay of the residential neighborhoods
No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2013 Housing, Land conversion, Management activities,
Other Threats: Functional decay of the residential neighborhoods
No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2012 Housing, Land conversion, Management activities,
Other Threats: Functional decay of the residential neighborhoods
No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2011 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2001 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 1998 Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Increasing number of dilapidated buildings
No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 1991 Housing,
Other Threats: Increasing number of dilapidated buildings
No
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 1990 Housing,
Other Threats: Increasing number of dilapidated buildings
No
old walled city of shibamOld Walled City of Shibam yemen Yemen 1993 Flooding,
Other Threats: Poor maintenance
No
old walled city of shibamOld Walled City of Shibam yemen Yemen 1991 Flooding,
Other Threats: Poor maintenance
No
ouadi qadisha (the holy valley) and the forest of the cedars of god (horsh arz el-rab)Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) lebanon Lebanon 2014 Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
ouadi qadisha (the holy valley) and the forest of the cedars of god (horsh arz el-rab)Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) lebanon Lebanon 2012 Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
ouadi qadisha (the holy valley) and the forest of the cedars of god (horsh arz el-rab)Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) lebanon Lebanon 2011 Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: d) Degradation of the mural paintings and the buildings;
No
ouadi qadisha (the holy valley) and the forest of the cedars of god (horsh arz el-rab)Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) lebanon Lebanon 2003 Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2013 Management systems/ management plan, No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2011 Management systems/ management plan, No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2010 Management systems/ management plan, No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2000 Management systems/ management plan, No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 1995 Commercial development, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Conservation of antiquities
No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 1994 Commercial development, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Conservation of antiquities
No
qal’at al-bahrain – ancient harbour and capital of dilmunQal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun bahrain Bahrain 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
qal’at al-bahrain – ancient harbour and capital of dilmunQal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun bahrain Bahrain 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Marine transport infrastructure, No
qal’at al-bahrain – ancient harbour and capital of dilmunQal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun bahrain Bahrain 2007 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Marine transport infrastructure, No
qal’at al-bahrain – ancient harbour and capital of dilmunQal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun bahrain Bahrain 2006 Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, No
quseir amraQuseir Amra jordan Jordan 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
quseir amraQuseir Amra jordan Jordan 1997 Management systems/ management plan, No
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Human resources, No
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, No
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2012 Deliberate destruction of heritage, No
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, No
saint catherine areaSaint Catherine Area egypt Egypt 2004 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2014 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2013 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2012 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2011 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2010 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2009 War, Yes
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2008 War, Yes
site of palmyraSite of Palmyra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2014 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
site of palmyraSite of Palmyra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2013 War, No
site of palmyraSite of Palmyra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 1998 Management systems/ management plan, No
socotra archipelagoSocotra Archipelago yemen Yemen 2013 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Invasive / alien marine species, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2013 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Marine transport infrastructure, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Marine transport infrastructure, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: poor conservation conditions for the archaeological remains
No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2007 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Management activities, Solid waste, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Poor conservation conditons for the archeological remains
No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2006 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Wind, Yes
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2005 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Wind,
Other Threats: vegetation with roots seriously affecting archaeological remains
Yes
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2004 Financial resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: State of conservation of mosaics and other exposed structures
Yes
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2003 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the archaeological vestiges
Yes
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2002 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the archaeological vestiges
No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2001 Management systems/ management plan, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 1992 Earthquake, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 1990 Earthquake, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 1989 Earthquake, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2013 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2012 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2010 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2008 Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2007 Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2006 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2004 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2003 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Important conservation problems ; Need to give more importance to the wealth of the archaeological heritage and of the natural coastal landscape
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2002 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Important conservation problems
No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2001 Marine transport infrastructure, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1999 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1998 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1997 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1995 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 1992 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2013 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2011 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security;
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2009 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2008 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2007 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2006 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of security and risk of collapse due to open trenches and unstable structures
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2005 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of security due to open trenches and unstable structures
No
wadi al-hitan (whale valley)Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley) egypt Egypt 2010 Financial resources, Management systems/ management plan, No
wadi al-hitan (whale valley)Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley) egypt Egypt 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
wadi rum protected areaWadi Rum Protected Area jordan Jordan 2014 Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.