State of Conservation (SOC)
Ichkeul National Park (2001)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:90,000USD
|1991||Consultancy, equipment, design and construction costs for a ...||40,000 USD|
|1989||Financial contribution to the preparation of exhibits for the ...||20,000 USD|
|1981||Study on Ichkeul National Park||30,000 USD|
January 1997: RAMSAR mission; March 2000: joint IUCN / RAMSAR mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Construction of dams;
- Air pollution;
- Problems caused by siltation of the lake;
- Need to update the integrated management plan for the site
Current conservation issues
Deterioration of Lake ecosystem integrity due to upstream development and agricultural encroachments; Lake rehabilitation efforts through steps to ensure annual minimum supplies of freshwater to the Lake. Infrastructure and managerial co-ordination to ensure effective implementation of conservation actions.
In June 2001, the tweny-fifth session of the Bureau noted with concern the deteriortation in the ecology of the Lake during 1999-2000 as lower than average amounts of rain fell in the area. The Bureau, while acknowledging that the Sidi Barak Dam construction and its link to the Tunisian Water Grid have been completed, learnt that water releases from the Dam to the Lake had not yet commenced. The Observer of Tunisia informed the Bureau that the Lake needs 280 million of cubic meters of water annually and that the Sidi Barak Dam will serve as the stabilizer compensating for any annual shortfalls caused by low rainfall and/or high rates of evapotranspiration. He expressed the wish that the Bureau and the Committee provide adequate time for determining the efforts of the State Party to rehabilitate Ichkeul and support the extension and strengthening of the scientific monitoring programme that has been set up by the State Party.
In response to the recommendation of the twenty-fifth session of the Bureau inviting the State Party, Centre and IUCN to work together to prepare a progress report on benchmarks and related timetable for the monitoring for Ichkeul to the consideration of the twenty-fifth session of the Committee in December 2001, the Delegation of Tunisia to UNESCO transmitted a report, dated September 2001, entitled: "Ecosystem status and safeguarding measures for Ickeul National Park“. The report has been transmitted to IUCN for review. The report contains detailed information on actions taken to implement the several earlier recommendations of the Bureau and the Committee made over several years, and quantitative and time-series data on a number of parameters that may be useful in tracking changes in Lake ecology. The Centre is awaiting IUCN comments and observations on the report submitted by the State Party
The Committee, based on findings of the IUCN review of the report submitted by the State Party and due to be available at the time of its session, may take appropriate decisions and make recommednations for the consideration of the State Party and for implementation in co-operation with the Centre and IUCN and other stakeholders.
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Detailed List of SOC reports
Excessive salinity of the water
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1996 -2006
Threats to the Site:
The Park was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger during the 20th session of the Committee (1996) as a result of significant deterioration in the characteristics for which the site was inscribed.
The construction of three dams on rivers supplying Lake Ichkeul and its marshes has cut off almost all inflow of fresh water, causing a destructive increase in the salinity of the lake and marshes.
Reed beds, sedges and other fresh-water plant species have been replaced by halophytic plants, with a consequent sharp reduction in the migratory bird populations dependent on the habitat the lake formerly provided. According to IUCN, all reed-dependent species such as purple heron, purple gallinule and reed warblers have disappeared.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).