State of Conservation (SOC)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:13,167USD
|1999||Photo Exhibition on Lebanese (Baalbeck and Tyre) and other WH ...||2,500 USD|
|1998||Training Programme of Conservators-Restorers in the field of ...||6,667 USD|
|1986||Consultancy to evaluate damage to Tyre||4,000 USD|
March 1995: UNESCO mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Need for an international safeguarding campaign
- Construction of a tourist complex (land fill) (issue resolved)
Current conservation issues
Twenty-second session of the Committee - Chapter VII.43
Twenty-third session of the Bureau - Chapter IV.67
New information: The International Scientific Committee (ISC) for the Campaign for Tyre met in Lebanon from 14 to 17 June 1999. Following an examination of the situation at the site and the development plans of the City of Tyre, prepared by the Lebanese authorities, the Committee expressed concerns about:
a) the risk of densification and engorgement of the city, including its archaeological zone, if the development plans are implemented as foreseen;
b) the total absence of buffer zones around the area inscribed as World Heritage and the development of rapid and uncontrolled construction adjacent to the site.
The International Scientific Committee recently recommended that the urgent appropriate measures be taken to safeguard the site:
· the adoption of an urban city planning to ensure the safeguard of archaeological zones and legal measures regulating the coherent integration and development of urban areas;
· in the absence of buffer zones, the protection of archaeological buildings be ensured through the creation of a green belt to separate them in a visible manner from the built-up area.
Link to the decision
X.40 Tyre (Lebanon)
The Committee recalled the reports from the twenty-third ordinary and the twenty-third extraordinary session of the Bureau on the state of conservation of this property and adopted the following decision:
"The Committee thanked the Lebanese Government for their cooperation in the preservation of the City of Tyre. In view of the serious and persistent threats to the safeguarding of the site, the Committee requested that the recommendations of the International Scientific Committee be urgently implemented, particularly the adoption of a city management plan to ensure the safeguarding of the archaeological zones as well as their protection through the creation of an appropriate landscape design in co-operation with ICOMOS, ICCROM and IFLA. The Committee also requested the authorities to appoint a national coordinator and open a national account for the International Safeguarding Campaign as it was agreed with UNESCO, and recalled in the letter dated 7 July 1999 from the Director-General to the Minister of Culture".
The Bureau may wish to transmit the above report to the Committee for examination and recommend the following for adoption:
“The Committee thanks the Lebanese Government for their co-operation in the preservation of the City of Tyre. In view of the serious and persistent threats to the safeguarding of the site, the Committee requests that the recommendations of the International Scientific Committee be urgently implemented, particularly the adoption of a city management plan to ensure the safeguarding of the archaeological zones as well as their protection through the creation of an appropriate landscape design. The Committee also requests the authorities to appoint a national co-ordinator and open a national account for the International Safeguarding Campaign as it was agreed with UNESCO, and recalled in the letter dated 7 July 1999, from the Director-General to the Minister of Culture.”
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
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Detailed List of SOC reports
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).