State of Conservation (SOC)
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur (2003)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:81,450USD
|1995||Experts missions to Pyramids Plateau||13,450 USD|
|1993||Financial contribution for the Pyramides Plateau of Giza||20,000 USD|
|1991||Three international experts (an economist, an archaeologist and a ...||30,000 USD|
|1991||Mission to take part in the first stage of the preparation of a ...||18,000 USD|
November 1988: expert mission; April 1995: UNESCO expert mission; October 1998: UNESCO mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Growing number of visitors (issue resolved)
- Uncontrolled development of the nearby village (issue resolved)
- Deterioration of the stones (issue resolved)
- Road construction project (issue resolved)
Current conservation issues
In 2002, the Committee was informed of a project proposed by the Ministry of Housing to execute a tunnel, or a highway, across the Plateau of the Pyramids. The Egyptian authorities informed the Secretariat, by letter of 15 April 2003, that the project for the construction of a tunnel under the Giza Plateau has been completely stopped. They also provided assurances that any other project with potential impact on the site would be submitted in the future to the consideration of the Committee. The Secretariat, moreover, was informed by a foreign co-operation agency working in Cairo of its interest in assisting the Egyptian authorities for the preparation of a comprehensive management plan for the site and its surroundings.
Link to the decision
The World Heritage Committee ,
1. Commends the State Party for its commitment towards the preservation of the Pyramid Fields, and particularly for having prevented the implementation of the proposed tunnel project;
2. Encourages the State Party to provide any information concerning the development of management plans for the property to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2004 in order that the World Heritage Committee can examine the state of conservation of the property at its 28th session in 2004.
 Decision adopted without discussion.
Draft Decision: 27 COM 7 (b) 37
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Commending the State Party for its commitment towards the preservation of the Pyramid Fields, and particularly for having prevented the implementation of the proposed tunnel project,
2. Encourages the State Party to share with the Committee, through the Centre, any information concerning the development of management plans for the site.
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).