State of Conservation (SOC)
Ichkeul National Park (2002)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:140,000USD
|2002||Elaboration d'un plan d'urgence pour la sauvegarde du Parc ...||50,000 USD|
|1991||Consultancy, equipment, design and construction costs for a ...||40,000 USD|
|1989||Financial contribution to the preparation of exhibits for the ...||20,000 USD|
|1981||Study on Ichkeul National Park||30,000 USD|
January 1997: RAMSAR mission; March 2000: joint IUCN / RAMSAR mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Construction of dams;
- Air pollution;
- Problems caused by siltation of the lake;
- Need to update the integrated management plan for the site
Current conservation issues
At its 25th session, the Committee noted the emergency assistance request submitted by the State Party to: (a) convene a workshop on the rational management of water resources in the Ichkeul catchment; and to (b) implement a follow up programme for monitoring the results of the actions and plans to rehabilitate the Ichkeul Lake ecosystem. The follow up monitoring programme is expected to meet the recommendations of the Committee, reiterated during its last two sessions, with regard to elaborating a monitoring programme that would define indicators and benchmarks that would guide the Committee’s assessment of the outcome of the State Party efforts to rehabilitate the Ichkeul Lake ecosystem. The Chairperson has approved a sum of US$ 50,000 for the emergency assistance project.
IUCN will assist the Centre and the State Party to organize the workshop and associated missions and activities. The workshop is scheduled to be held in September 2002. At the time of writing of this report, the Centre is negotiating the terms of reference for establishing the contract for the use of the US$ 50,000 approved by the Chairperson as emergency assistance for the rehabilitation of the Lake Ichkeul Ecosystem.
The World Heritage Committee:
Link to the decision
1. Notes that a workshop to define the indicators, benchmarks and other components of a scientific monitoring programme to guide the Committee's future assessments of the performance of the rehabilitation programme for the Ichkeul Lake National Park, will be organized in September 2002 using funds provided under an emergency grant of US$50,000 from the World Heritage Fund in May 2002;
2. Invites the State Party to submit a detailed report on the results of the emergency assistance project, including a description of the monitoring programme, its financing and plans for its implementation, for examination at its 27th session in June/July 2003;3. Decides to retain the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Committee may wish to adopt the following:
"The Committee notes with satisfaction the organization of a workshop in order to define the indicators, benchmarks and other components of a scientific monitoring programme that would guide the Committee’s future assessments of the performance of the rehabilitation programme for the Ichkeul Lake National Park. The Committee invites the State Party to submit a detailed report on the results of the emergency assistance project, including a description of the monitoring programme, to the 27th session of the Committee in June 2003. The Committee decides to retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger“
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2010 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1989 1987 1986 1985
Detailed List of SOC reports
Excessive salinity of the water
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1996 -2006
Threats to the Site:
The Park was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger during the 20th session of the Committee (1996) as a result of significant deterioration in the characteristics for which the site was inscribed.
The construction of three dams on rivers supplying Lake Ichkeul and its marshes has cut off almost all inflow of fresh water, causing a destructive increase in the salinity of the lake and marshes.
Reed beds, sedges and other fresh-water plant species have been replaced by halophytic plants, with a consequent sharp reduction in the migratory bird populations dependent on the habitat the lake formerly provided. According to IUCN, all reed-dependent species such as purple heron, purple gallinule and reed warblers have disappeared.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).