State of Conservation (SOC)
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur (2005)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:81,450USD
|1995||Experts missions to Pyramids Plateau||13,450 USD|
|1993||Financial contribution for the Pyramides Plateau of Giza||20,000 USD|
|1991||Three international experts (an economist, an archaeologist and a ...||30,000 USD|
|1991||Mission to take part in the first stage of the preparation of a ...||18,000 USD|
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Urban encroachment; Infrastructure and tourism developments
Current conservation issues
A two-and-a-half page document entitled “Report on the Supreme Council of Antiquities’ achievements for site-management in the Giza Pyramids area” was sent to the World Heritage Centre by letter of 26 January 2005. This document refers to ‘an ambitious plan for the rehabilitation of the Pyramids area, as a significant place in the Memphis Cemetery, started in 1990 until now.’ It mentions briefly new entrances to the area, removal of the pre-existing asphalt road, ‘redigging and restoring the Queens’ pyramid and rehabilitating it for visits,’ redevelopment of the Sphinx square, as well as restoration of the Sphinx itself. Reference is made to the intervention of the President of Egypt to prevent the penetration of the plateau by a new road link. Work in progress covers the construction of a new entry point and a security fence encircling the entire Giza plateau, rehabilitation of the existing entrances and the Sphinx Square, and the reorganization of the area internally.
The document also mentions that the scientific excavations in progress have located the tombs of the pyramids’ builders and their township, whilst work on the western cemetery has been completed. Restoration and conservation work is been carried out on a number of known tombs.
While commending the State Party's commitment towards the preservation of the property, notably the cancelling of the project for the ring road and of the asphalt road around the Great pyramid, the Committee had requested the Egyptian authorities, at its 27th session (UNESCO, 2003) (decision 27 COM 7B.37), to “submit a report on the progress made in the development of Management Plans for the property”. The presentation and restoration activities, as well as the improvement of tourism facilities mentioned in the report provided cannot be considered as “Management Plans” as such, but rather ad hoc responses to development and tourism requirements. Moreover, no information was given regarding the remaining areas of the property.
Draft decision: 29 COM 7B.45
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-05/29.COM/7B.Rev,
2. Recalling Decision 28 COM 15B.50 adopted at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),
3. Commending the commitment of the State Party towards the improvement of the Pyramids area, and the abolition of the ring road link project which was penetrating the Giza plateau,
4. Regrets that no Management Plan for the entire property has yet been developed and provided to the Committee as requested in previous decisions;
5. Encourages the State Party to develop such a Management Plan for the entire property, possibly through an International Assistance Request to the World Heritage Fund;
6. Requests the State Party to keep the Committee informed, via the World Heritage Centre, of any major project proposed on the property, according to the provisions (paragraph 172) of the Operational Guidelines;
7. Also requests the State Party to submit, by one February 2007, a report on the progress made in the development of this Management Plan for the entire property, for the Committee's consideration at its 31st session in 2007.
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The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).