State of Conservation (SOC)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:4,000USD
|1986||Consultancy to evaluate damage to Tyre||4,000 USD|
March 1995: UNESCO mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Need for an international safeguarding campaign
- Construction of a tourist complex (land fill) (issue resolved)
Current conservation issues
In the framework of the preparation of the International Campaign for the Safeguarding of Tyre; the Physical Heritage Division of UNESCO sent a series of missions responsible for the preparation of different elements of the Campaign. In this framework, a number of priority actions were proposed (preventive excavation for threatened sites, creation of a conservation and documentation centre, conservation of in-situ vestiges, systematic prospection of the archaeological zone, improvement of storage conditions, conservation and enhancement of the basilica).
According to this mission, the Directorate General of Antiquities has already successfully carried out a series of positive activities which have halted the destruction of archaeological vestiges (establishing a team of technicians working on the spot, public awareness in favour of heritage protection, increased systematic protection of excavations).
However, threats still remain: abandon of the sites for long periods of time, encouraging erosion and vandalism, appearance of non-conformist structures around the sites, lack of personnel and means from the Directorate General of Antiquities and finally, absence of an updated and adapted master plan.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
VII.51 Tyre (Lebanon)
Noting that the Directorate General of Antiquities had already carried out a series of conservation activities, but concerned with regard to existing threats, the Committee commended the Lebanese authorities for the quality of the protection work carried out successfully and recommended that particular attention be paid to the rapid preparation of a master plan covering all the archaeological zones of Tyre and its surroundings, including the City of Tyre. The Committee reminded the Lebanese authorities that the Secretariat had already stated its willingness to contribute technically to the preparation of similar master plans for all other World Heritage sites in Lebanon.
The Bureau may wish to transmit the report to the Committee for examination and recommend the following for adoption:
"The Committee commends the Lebanese authorities for the quality of the protection work carried out successfully and recommends that particular attention be paid to the rapid preparation of a master plan covering all the archaeological zones of Tyre and its surroundings, including the City of Tyre. The Committee reminds the Lebanese authorities that the Secretariat had already stated its willingness to contribute technically and substantially to the preparation of similar master plans for all the other World Heritage sites in Lebanon."
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Detailed List of SOC reports
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).