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The World Heritage Centre is at the forefront of the international community’s efforts to protect and preserve.

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World Heritage and Biodiversity

Biological diversity underpins ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services essential for human well-being. World Heritage properties are the most outstanding places on the planet and constitute a ...

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UNESCO Urban Heritage Atlas: Cultural mapping for historic cities and settlements

The Urban Heritage Atlas is an atlas and an archive that documents and explains, visually, narratively and with analytical maps, the diversity and uniqueness of the world’s historic cities and settlements. As such, ...

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World Heritage Cities Programme

The World Heritage Cities Programme is one of six thematic programmes formally approved and monitored by the World Heritage Committee. The programme concerns the development of a theoretical framework for urban ...

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Capacity Building

Understanding, managing and conserving World Heritage properties requires up-to-date knowledge and well-honed skills. To help build the capacity of all stakeholders in World Heritage – whether they are ...

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Culture|2030 Indicators

The UNESCO Thematic Indicators for Culture in the 2030 Agenda (Culture|2030 Indicators) is a framework of thematic indicators whose purpose is to measure and monitor the progress of culture’s enabling contribution ...

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World Heritage Marine Programme

50 flagship marine protected areas of Outstanding Universal Value: Beacons of Hope In a Changing Ocean

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Corporate sector and the World Heritage ‘no-go’ commitment

Across the extractives, finance, insurance and hydropower sectors, among others, major public and private companies and industry associations have committed to protect UNESCO World Heritage sites. They have often ...

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Dive into Heritage

Dive into Heritage is creating an innovative online platform that leverages digital technologies to safeguard and promote World Heritage sites and its related intangible heritage, and transmit it to future ...

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World Heritage Online Map Platform

Funded by the Flanders UNESCO Trustfund (FUT), this project aims to develop an online geographic information system for World Heritage.

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Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape

The Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL Recommendation) is an additional tool to integrate policies and practices of conservation of the built environment into the wider goals of urban development in ...

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Central Africa World Heritage Forest Initiative (CAWHFI)

Covering an area estimated at 1.62 million km2, the forests of Central Africa are home to vital biodiversity for the planet and play a central role in climate regulation and carbon sequestration.

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50 Minds for the Next 50. Dialogue Series

UNESCO launches “50 Minds for The Next 50” to convene fifty leading, innovative, bold, respected thinkers of our times from diverse disciplines for the most interdisciplinary discussion on World Heritage ever to be ...

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Basic Texts of the 1972 World Heritage Convention, Edition December 2023

Basic Texts of the 1972 World Heritage Convention, Edition December 2023

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Category 2 Centres

In recent years, the framework for training and research in the field of World Heritage has changed significantly. Among the factors that have contributed to these rapid changes, is the emerging of many new ...

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Climate Change and World Heritage

World Heritage properties are affected by the impacts of climate change at present and in the future. Their continued preservation requires understanding these impacts to their Outstanding Universal Value and ...

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Cultural Landscapes

There exist a great variety of Landscapes that are representative of the different regions of the world. Combined works of nature and humankind, they express a long and intimate relationship between peoples and ...

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Guidance and Toolkit for Impact Assessments in a World Heritage Context

UNESCO and the Advisory Bodies to the World Heritage Committee have issued new guidance for assessing impacts from projects that could potentially affect the planet’s most precious heritage places. Designed ...

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Managing Natural World Heritage

The goal of this Resource Manual is to help State Parties to manage natural values within World Heritage properties. As such it is aimed at natural and mixed World Heritage properties as well as cultural landscapes.

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Natural World Heritage

The World Heritage Convention is one of the most successful international instruments to protect the most extraordinary natural places on the planet, characterized by their natural beauty or outstanding ...

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Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Reconstruction and Recovery

Post-conflict and post-disaster reconstruction became an increasingly important issue after the destruction of cultural heritage sites in countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Nepal, Syria, and Yemen. ...

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Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties

World Heritage properties and heritage sites in general are exposed to the impacts of natural and man-triggered catastrophic events, which threaten their integrity and may compromise their value. The loss or ...

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Synergies to protect World Heritage

Synergies to protect Global Heritage Cooperation with other Conventions and programmes © The World Heritage Committee recognises the benefits of closer coordination and synergies ...

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World Heritage and Indigenous Peoples

Many cultural and natural World Heritage sites are home to indigenous peoples. As the UNESCO policy on engaging with indigenous peoples recognizes, World Heritage sites are often located within land managed by ...

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World Heritage and Sustainable Development

Heritage was long absent from the mainstream sustainable development debate despite its crucial importance to societies and the wide acknowledgment of its great potential to contribute to social, economic and ...

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World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme

The UNESCO World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme represents a new approach based on dialogue and stakeholder cooperation where planning for tourism and heritage management is integrated at a destination ...

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World Heritage Education Programme

The UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme, initiated as a UNESCO special project in 1994, gives young people a chance to voice their concerns and to become involved in the protection of our common cultural and ...

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World Heritage Map

This large format full-color map features the World Heritage sites and brief explanations of the World Heritage Convention and the World Heritage conservation programmes, as well as superb photos of World Heritage ...

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World Heritage Programme for Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are islands of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. They are some of the most beautiful places on Earth, with atolls of white sand beaches, mountain ...

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World Heritage Site Managers' Forum

In recent years, it has become an established practice that a forum is organised in conjunction with each World Heritage Committee session.  Since the 41st session of the Committee (Krakow, 2017), site managers from ...

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World Heritage Volunteers Initiative

World HeritageVolunteers Initiative Within the framework of the UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme, the World Heritage Volunteers (WHV) Initiative was launched in 2008 in collaboration with the ...

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Building a Global Sustainable Network of World Heritage Site Managers

The overarching vision of this World Heritage project is to establish links and channels of communication among World Heritage Site Managers around the world by providing a web and a social media platform to ...

Educational Resource Kit ‘World Heritage in Young Hands’

Education is the key to personal fulfilment, development, conservation, peace and well-being. Through education, young people can find new ways to build commitment and strengthen action in favour of preserving ...

Engaging Youth in World Heritage: developing policy guidance and good practices for State Parties and World ...

UNESCO advocates the reaffirmation of identity, mutual respect, dialogue, and unity in diversity, solidarity and a positive interaction among the cultures of the world. This is valid for all areas, including for ...

Enhancing the credibility of the World Heritage List: Tentative List good practices

Tentative Lists are inventories of sites forming part of the cultural and natural heritage of a State Party, which have a strong potential to be inscribed on the World Heritage List. These national inventories ...

Periodic Reporting Tools and Guidance for World Heritage Site Managers in Spanish Language

The World Heritage Committee at its 41st session launched the Third Cycle of Periodic Reporting and requested the World Heritage Centre ensure a holistic approach across all regions, by developing tools and ...

Uplifting the perception of the List of World Heritage in Danger

Article 4 of the World Heritage Convention refers to the conservation of properties inscribed on the World Heritage List and indicates that “Each State Party to this Convention recognizes that the duty of ...

World Heritage and Sustainable Development policy explained: A guide and a collection of good practices to support ...

Based on a strong appeal from national and local stakeholders, the 2030 Agenda adopted by the UN General Assembly integrated, for the first time, the role of culture, through cultural heritage and creativity, as ...

The Next 50 - 50th anniversary of World Heritage

50th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention (16 November 2022): World Heritage as a source of resilience, humanity and innovation

Environmental DNA Expeditions in UNESCO World Heritage marine sites

Environmental DNA Expeditions is a global, citizen science initiative that will help measure marine biodiversity, and the impacts climate change might have on the distribution patterns of marine life, across UNESCO ...

Facts & Figures: The Importance of UNESCO World Heritage Marine Sites for Global Biodiversity

The importance of UNESCO World Heritage Marine Sites for Global Biodiversity Facts & Figures © Adam Mitchell / Seychelles Island Foundation From the largest tropical seabird ...

Promoting the application of the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) to safeguard heritage in the urban context in ...

At the 43rd session in Baku (2019), the World Heritage Committee requested the State Parties “to continue reflecting on the mechanisms and tools needed to assess and guide interventions in and around urban ...

Promoting the sustainable management of the W-Arly-Pendjari Complex

Over the past few years, the security situation at the W-Arly-Pendjari Complex has become a major concern as several armed groups have been operating in the region, causing the evacuation of management staff in a ...

Rapid Response Facility (RRF)

Rapid Response Facility (RRF) © Oreades The Rapid Response Facility (RRF) is a fund that provides grants to protected areas in the event of a sudden crisis. We mainly finance ...

Urban Heritage Atlas: Understanding attributes of historic cities and settlements| Stone Town of Zanzibar (United ...

Although the overall urban fabric and townscape give Stone Town its unique character, many individual buildings of historical and architectural significance represent local architecture and building traditions. ...

UNESCO/Swiss Funds in-Trust Emergency consolidation of the monuments in Jam

Following the inscription of the Minaret and archaeological remains of Jam in the 'World Heritage List' and the 'List of the World Heritage in Danger' in 2002, the Government of Switzerland has decided to generously ...

Patrimonito

Patrimonito Patrimonito's World Heritage Adventures © Patrimonito means 'small heritage' in Spanish and the character represents a young heritage guardian. Patrimonito has been ...

Safeguarding of the Bamiyan Site, Phase III

Phase III of this project aims to implement activities to ensure site security; ensure the structural stability of the two standing Giant Buddha niches; ensure adequate state of conservation of archaeological ...

Understanding urban heritage: New and Old Towns of Edinburgh (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

New and Old Towns of Edinburgh  (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)UNESCO Urban Heritage Atlas: Cultural mapping of historic cities and settlements © Chris Fleming, CC BY-SA ...

UNESCO Urban Heritage Atlas: Cultural mapping of historic cities and settlements| Ancient ksour of Ouadane, ...

Founded in the 11th and 12th centuries to serve the caravans crossing the Sahara, these trading and religious centres became focal points of Islamic culture. They have managed to preserve an urban fabric that ...

Urban Heritage Atlas: Understanding attributes of historic cities and settlements| Historic Centre of Cordoba ...

Historic Centre of Cordoba (Spain) UNESCO Urban Heritage Atlas: Cultural mapping of historic cities and settlements © Jocelyn Erskine-Kellie, CC BY-SA, via Flickr World Heritage ...

Renewable Energy Transition and World Heritage

Climate change is one of the defining issues of our time, and with over 30 programs in the sciences, education, culture and communication sector, UNESCO is actively contributing to create knowledge, educate and ...

Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin

UNESCO has been taking action in the Congo Basin since 2000 in order to improve the conservation and the management of natural World Heritage sites, those already inscribed as well as those which have the potential ...

Preparatory assistance for the inscription of the Temple of Preah Vihear, Cambodia

The Temple of Preah Vihear, which is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, is situated on Cambodia’s northern border with Thailand. The property consists of a series of sanctuaries which are linked by a network of paths ...

World Heritage Youth Forum (2013) Second South East Europe (SEE) for peace and sustainable development

The Second SEE World Heritage Youth Forum for peace and sustainable development was held from 6th until 11th April 2013 in Zajecar, Eastern Serbia, where the World Heritage site Gamzigrad – Felix Romuliana / Palace ...

CAWHFI component funded by the European Commission (2016-2020)

CAWHFI component financed by the European Commission (2016-2020) Between 2016 and 2020, funding from the European Commission enabled CAWHFI to strengthen the monitoring of the TRIDOM and TNS landscapes, an ...

Conflict mitigation in Okapi Wildlife Reserve

With 13,720 km², the Okapi Wildlife Reserve has rich biodiversity and a forest ecosystem with cultural and economic importance for the traditional nomadic pygmy hunters Mbuti and Efe who it is believed, have been ...

Securing Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park

The Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (PNMGSF) is under strong pressure due to the combined effects of poaching, insecurity, regional transhumance, artisanal mining, as well as the absence of monitoring and ...

“Humanize Bangkok” project, Thailand

Bangkok, in Thailand, is one of the most populated cities in the world, a symbol of uncontrolled urban growth, marked by heavy pollution and huge traffic problems. In 1998, a project entitled "Humanise Bangkok" was ...

“Public works and heritage”. International seminar in Paris, (France) on bridges

Connecting river banks and cultures, bridge are a work which has, today, acquired great symbolic value, whether as historical testimony or contemporary creation. Reconstruction of the Mostar Bridge (which is part of ...

“Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System: New steps towards its sustainable conservation”

The 2021 publication compiles good practices and expert perspectives on the conservation and sustainable management of this serial property, including regarding tangible and intangible heritage conservation, ...

#MyAfricanHeritage

Instagram Video ContestOpen to 18 - 32 years old Post your video about an African World Heritage site using the hashtag #MyAfricanHeritage and stand the chance to win one of our prizes. Top ...

#OurLakeOhrid Photo & Story Contest

#OurLakeOhrid Photo & Story Contest © UNESCO The Photo Contest was organized in the framework of the Project: "Towards strengthened governance of the shared transboundary natural ...

#OurLakeOhrid Photo & Story Contest 2017

The second Photo & Story Contest for the Lake Ohrid region and its natural and cultural heritage is organized within the framework of the project "Towards strengthened governance of the shared transboundary ...

#OurWorldHeritage

#OurWorldHeritage Share your World Heritage story with the rest of the World © UNESCO #OurWorldHeritage is a social media campaign where people are invited to share their unique ...

1976-1995 UNDP/UNESCO Latin American Regional Project Archives

During the years 1976 – 1995 Unesco in collaboration with UNDP and the World Heritage Centre assisted Latin American governments in the establishment and execution of a regional project of cultural/urban and ...

2010 International Year of Biodiversity

The United Nations has declared 2010 the International Year of Biodiversity (IYB). The term biodiversity describes the variety of all life and natural processes on Earth, including all living things from microscopic ...

30th Anniversary of the World Heritage Convention Virtual Congress

World Heritage in the Digital Age. Conferences, workshops and special events (China, Egypt, France, Mexico, Senegal) On the occasion of the 30th Anniversary of the World Heritage Convention, conferences and ...

30th Anniversary of the World Heritage Convention. Urbino workshop (Italy) on “Partnerships for World Heritage ...

The Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage was signed on 16 November 1972. The 30th Anniversary celebrations included the organization of the international conference “World ...

Accessible cultural tourism in the old city of Luxembourg (Luxembourg)

On the 25th Anniversary of the site's inscription on the World Heritage List, new tours aim to open the World Heritage site to everyone, including citizens with special needs. By partnering with relevant community ...

Adapting the approach of the HUL Recommendation for Indonesian universities

The 2021 publication Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) Quick Scan Method. Handbook for Indonesian University Lecturers aims to adapt the HUL Approach to the Indonesian context and promote interdisciplinary learning in ...

Afghanistan’s cultural heritage: Safeguarding Campaign

The focus of this Campaign is the safeguarding of all aspects of Afghan cultural heritage, both tangible and intangible, including museums, monuments, archaeological sites, music, art, traditional crafts ...

Africa Nature

Africa nature: a capacity building program for natural World Heritage in Africa The Africa Nature capacity building program was launched in 2011 to improve management effectiveness at natural World Heritage sites ...

Analytical summary of the state of conservation of World Heritage properties (2008)

At its 32nd session (Quebec City, 2008), the World Heritage Committee discussed at length the issues related to the state of conservation of World Heritage properties. With Decision 32 COM 7B.129 (see Annex 1), it ...

Archaeology in the Caribbean - Martinique 2004

From the 20 to the 23 September 2004, the UNESCO World Heritage Centre organised an international seminar involving official representatives and experts in the area of Archaeology in the Caribbean for the ...

Assistance to the project for the creation of a global network of World Heritage forests. Seminar in Nancy, France

The objective of this project was to establish a global network of World Heritage forests to assist the World Heritage Forest Programme.In 1998, the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), IUCN and the ...

Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative

Created in 2003 within the framework of the Global Strategy for the balanced, representative and credible World Heritage List, as a pilot activity for the identification of the sites connected with astronomy, the ...

Atelier "Paysages urbains historiques ". Bordeaux, 7-8 juin 2009.

Dans le contexte du travail mené par l'UNESCO sur l'élaboration d'une nouvelle Recommandation internationale sur la question urbaine, une réunion d'experts français sur les « paysages urbains historiques » s'est ...

Atlas World Heritage: sharing knowledge and skills amongst European World Heritage cities

The initiative Atlas World Heritage brings together the cities of Florence, Santiago de Compostela, Edinburgh, Oporto, Bordeaux to share their experiences and strategies to safeguard the sites’ OUV. The project has ...

Avebury Residents’ Pack: bringing together diverse stakeholders in Avebury (United Kingdom)

The Avebury Residents' Pack, developed between 2006 and 2008 by the local world heritage management office, aimed to reconnect the local communities with the archaeological sites in the village, bringing together ...

Balancing development and conservation in Grand-Bassam (Côte d’Ivoire)

The inscription of the Historic Town of Grand-Bassam on the World Heritage List has provided new opportunities to promote sustainable development in the city. From the creation of a local World Heritage management ...

Biennial Report 2008-2009

Extrabudgetary Support for UNESCO’S World Heritage Convention The opportunities for the application of the World Heritage Convention regarding the identification and conservation of the world’s most outstanding ...

Biodiversity Conservation in Regions of Armed Conflict: Protecting World Heritage in the Democratic Republic of the ...

Biodiversity Conservation in Regions of Armed Conflict: Protecting World Heritage in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Parc national des Virunga © Kim S. Gjerstad A program aimed at ...

Bolstering community identity through cultural programmes in Cusco (Peru)

A variety of projects aim to protect Cusco’s cultural heritage, promote social development through crafts and strengthen traditional knowledge for sustainable development.

Booklet, 10th Anniversary of the France-UNESCO Cooperation Agreement

In 2009, on the occasion of the 10th Anniversary of the France-UNESCO Cooperation Agreement, a booklet describing the heritage safeguarding and valorisation activities implemented in the first 10 years (1999-2009), ...

Bosnia and Herzegovina and the cities of Ljubuški, Banja Luka, Trebinje, Mostar, Sarajevo and the Canton of Sarajevo

UNESCO Bosnia and Herzegovina and the cities of Ljubuški, Banja Luka, Trebinje, Mostar, Sarajevo and the Canton of SarajevoProject Page © Silvan Rehfeld / Old Bridge Area of the Old City of ...

Bridging a spatial and social divide through inclusive planning in Zanzibar Town (United Republic of Tanzania)

The multi-level, heritage-based development and spatial plan aims to link the World Heritage site and buffer zone with the wider city context by using town planning as a tool to bridge spatial and social divides.

Building climate change resilience and adaptation of the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System (Belize)

The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System is facing multiple impacts of climate change such as coral bleaching, more severe storms, and rising sea levels. The Resilient Reefs Initiative is focused on building Belize’s ...

Building the capacity of local communities and stakeholders for a dialogue towards sustainable livelihoods in tune ...

Objectives Established in 1959 as a multiple land use area, with wildlife coexisting with semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists practicing traditional livestock grazing, Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) was inscribed ...

Building the skills to care for Georgia’s Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands

Building the skills to care for Georgia’s Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands © Around 100 people are employed across the parks and protected areas that make up the Colchic Rainforests and ...

Business Skills for Natural World Heritage Site Managers programme

The Business Skills for Natural World Heritage Site Managers programme is a collaboration between international environmental charity Earthwatch, global energy company Shell and the UNESCO World Heritage Centre. The ...

Cairns Decision

The World Heritage Committee decision now referred to as the "Cairns Decision" was a suite of decisions adopted by the 24th session of the Committee (Cairns, Australia, 27 November - 2 December 2000) aimed at ...

Call for case studies “Historic Cities in Development: Keys for Understanding and Action”. A Compilation of Case ...

This project is headed by the OWHC - Organization of World Heritage Cities and it is coordinated by the General Secretariat of the OWHC and the City of Lyon (member of the OWHC) in collaboration with: UNESCO's ...

Capacity-building for the representatives of religious communities

A module for Capacity-Building workshops for the representatives of religious communities and site managers in charge of WHP of religious interest was developed by ICCROM in coordination with the World Heritage ...

Capacity-building programme for the nomination of World Heritage sites in the Africa Region supported by Government ...

Thanks to the support of the Government of Japan, the four-year “Capacity-building programme for the nomination of World Heritage sites in the Africa Region”, in line with UNESCO Global Priority Africa,  aims at ...

Caribbean Capacity Building Programme (CCBP)

The Caribbean Capacity Building Programme (CCBP) is a long-term training programme focusing on cultural heritage management and aiming to create a Caribbean network of heritage experts. They, in turn, can share ...

Caribbean Fortifications

The Heritage Office of the Instituto Colombiano de Cultura, COLCULTURA, organized the Caribbean Fortification Experts Meeting, financed by the UNESCO World Heritage Fund, for purposes of encouraging the inclusion of ...

Caribbean Rock Art and the World Heritage Convention, Guadeloupe May 2006

Following the successful meeting held in Martinique on the subject of Rock Art in the Caribbean and the World Heritage Convention, it was noticed by the working groups that the logical theme for follow-up in terms ...

Case studies and Thematic Questionnaire PRI-SM

This case-study approach aims to define the main principles for building general guidance for World Heritage properties of Religious Interest, seeking to understand the needs, challenges and best practices for the ...

Case Studies on the Conservation and Management of Historic Cities

Since 2008, the World Heritage Centre, within the framework of the France-UNESCO Cooperation Agreement, supported and participated in the initiative “Developing Historic Cities: Keys for Understanding and Taking ...

Case Study: Assessing the potential visual impact of onshore wind energy projects in relation to a World Heritage ...

In the period between 2004 to 2008, Historic England was dealing with an increased number of renewable energy applications that could be seen from the Hadrian’s Wall World Heritage site. In response, Historic ...

Case Study: Assessment of cumulative impacts of multiple developments near a World Heritage property

In 2016, the World Heritage Committee requested Canada prepare a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for the World Heritage property of Wood Buffalo National Park to assess the cumulative impacts of all ...

Case study: Dorset

Located on the south coast of the United Kingdom, the nominated site comprises approximately 155km of undeveloped coastline and countryside. The cliff exposures along the Dorset and East Devon coast provide an ...

Case study: Galapagos

Situated in the Pacific Ocean some 1,000 km from the South American continent, these islands and the surrounding marine reserve have been called a unique 'living museum and showcase of evolution'. Located at the ...

Case Study: Impact assessment of a wind energy project near a World Heritage property in the Netherlands

In 2013, the national government and the provinces of the Netherlands agreed on allocating the onshore wind power production per province to jointly reach the national target of 6,000 MW.

Case Study: Planning offshore wind turbines along the coast of Normandy, France

The Multiannual Energy programme provides for the development of new offshore wind projects in France, including a 1-gigawatt (GW) project along the coast of Normandy.

Case Study: Policy framework for a controlled wind energy development near a transboundary World Heritage property

The transboundary World Heritage property is managed according to the trilaterally adopted Wadden Sea Plan (WSP), a common framework for the protection and sustainable management of the Wadden Sea as an ecological ...

Case study: Sian Ka'an

Located on the east coast of the Yucatán peninsula, this biosphere reserve contains tropical forests, mangroves and marshes, as well as a large marine section intersected by a barrier reef. It provides a habitat for ...

Case Study: Stakeholder participation and engagement – a discussion forum to develop joint recommendations, the ...

The Competence Centre for Nature Conservation and Energy Transition (Kompetenzzentrum für Naturschutz und Energiewende, KNE) is a publicly funded organization that fosters a nature compatible energy transition. As ...

Case Study: Strategic planning of wind energy projects outside a World Heritage property and its buffer zone in the ...

In order to avoid negative impacts of wind turbines on the Upper Middle Rhine Valley, a planning and heritage consultancy was commissioned with an expert report on the ‘Mapping of Exclusion Zones for Wind Turbines ...

Case study: Tongariro

In 1993 Tongariro became the first property to be inscribed on the World Heritage List under the revised criteria describing cultural landscapes. The mountains at the heart of the park have cultural and religious ...

Case study: Tubbataha

The Tubbataha Reef Marine Park covers 96.828 ha, including the North and South Atolls. It is a unique example of an atoll reef with a very high density of marine species; the North Islet serving as a nesting site ...

Case study: Ujung Kulon

This national park, located in the extreme south-western tip of Java on the Sunda shelf, includes the Ujung Kulon peninsula and several offshore islands and encompasses the natural reserve of Krakatoa. In addition ...

Cash for work: promoting local employment through heritage conservation in historic cities (Yemen)

In the context of long-standing conflict, a cash-for-work scheme provides young people with employment opportunities while contributing to the conservation of urban heritage in four historic cities.

Category 2 Centres (LAC)

The Category 2 Centres for World Heritage were created in order to assist and support the State Parties of the three LAC sub-regions to implement the 1972 World Heritage Convention. Two centres have been created ...

Celebrating community and heritage through the George Town Heritage Celebrations (Malaysia)

The annual celebration features an interactive and educational programme that includes workshops and performances in the streets of the historic city of George Town. Through the Celebrations, the local communities ...

Challenges and opportunities of historic urban centres: case study of the Medina of Tunis (Tunisia)

To protect this historic site at the centre of a bustling metropolis and promote its sustainable development, several actions are addressing the preservation and promotion of its cultural heritage.  

Cities of Asia

Heritage for the Future If the future of humanity is irrevocably linked to the city, then this future - political, economic and cultural - will be apparent above all in Asia as recent trends indicate.Throughout ...

Commemoration of ten years of international co-operation at Angkor, Cambodia

Situated in the current province of Siem Reap in the northwest of Cambodia, Angkor, the ancient capital of the Khmer Kings and the group of monuments constructed between the ninth and fifteenth centuries, was ...

Community conservation: Timbuktu

As of May 2012, the Government of Mali sought help from the international community through UNESCO. Timbuktu and the Tomb of Askia were placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger and UNESCO initiated a series of ...

Community-centred revitalisation of Souq al-Silah in Cairo (Egypt)

A long-standing project has been working to revitalise a commercial street in the historic district of Darb al-Ahmar and reconnect the local community with their cultural heritage. The project, developed with help ...

Community-led urban planning in Durham (United Kingdom)

The City of Durham Neighbourhood Plan was developed between 2014 and 2021 following a comprehensive community-centred approach, which included a Neighbourhood Forum, extensive consultations and a public referendum. ...

Compilation of Case Studies and Pilot Projects (PRI-SM)

As endorsed by the World Heritage Committee at its 42nd session (Manama, 2018), States Parties are invited to actively contribute to the implementation of the UNESCO Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest by ...

Connecting young people with their cultural heritage in Saint Petersburg (Russian Federation)

The community event encourages young people to deepen their knowledge about cultural heritage and propose ideas for its conservation through workshops, cultural visits, educational activities and an ideas ...

Conservation and enhancement of the historic city of Bejaïa, Algeria

Carried out under the aegis of the France-UNESCO Cooperation Agreement, this project aimed to strengthen local capacity and sustain actions undertaken at the local level.Surrounded by the huge Djurdjura, the Bibans ...

Conservation and preservation of the city of Constantine, Algeria

The project in Constantine is part of the cross-sector project “Poverty Reduction through Sustainable World Heritage Management”, launched in 2002, on the theme of eliminating poverty and extreme poverty through the ...

Conservation and revitalisation programme of Ancient City of Ping Yao (China)

Through innovative management and financing models and a combination of conservation actions aimed at both tangible and intangible heritage, the programme aims to make a contribution to the long-term sustainability ...

Conservation as a driver for development: the case of Vigan (Philippines)

Along with the nomination process of the Historic City of Vigan as a World Heritage site in 1999, the local government developed an ambitious conservation and management plan for the site. By implementing this ...

Conserving World Heritage through international partnerships in Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park (Saint Kitts ...

Between 2013 and 2020, an extensive programme of expert surveying, studies and conservation works aimed to reinforce and stabilise the military structures of the World Heritage site. The programme was implemented ...

Consulting with community to understand heritage values during the COVID-19 pandemic in Melbourne (Australia)

In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the World Heritage site “Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens” began a process to review its World Heritage Management Plan. The review process began with a community ...

Control and Eradication of Invasives Species:A Necessary Condition for Conserving Endemic Biodiversity of the ...

The project was developed in response to the threats resulting from the introduction of alien species and is laying the foundations for the creation of a systematic approach to dealing with alien species in island ...

Creating a digital archive of historic documents and photographs of World Heritage sites in Iraq

In order to preserve historical documents related to World Heritage sites, the Iraqi State Board of Heritage and Antiquities has proposed to digitise historical documents from different archives and archive in a ...

Creating a shared framework in the serial World Heritage property of Mantua and Sabbioneta (Italy)

In order to improve the coordination between the two component cities of this serial property, the Municipalities of Mantua and Sabbioneta have created a central management office. This office is in charge of ...

Creating reconciliation: Mostar Bridge

During the conflict that tore apart the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s, the beautiful Old Bridge in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, was completely destroyed.

Creative youth at Indonesian heritage sites

A programme by UNESCO Jakarta and Citi Foundation aims to promote youth entrepreneurship and raise awareness about cultural and natural heritage by linking local communities’ livelihoods with the heritage sites.

Cuenca Mirador, Guatemala

In November 2002 the Guatemalan authorities sent an updated tentative list of 16 sites eligible for nomination process for UNESCO World Heritage status. The relevance of Mayan sites, the potential for improving the ...

Cultural entrepreneurship in Cidade Velha, Ribeira Grande (Cabo Verde)

A wide-ranging programme aims to build capacity amongst local residents to understand the potentials offered by cultural heritage, by supporting and enhancing local cultural entrepreneurship. The initiative includes ...

Culture and Development: World Heritage in the Caribbean

The results of the Second Periodic Report on the State of World Heritage in Latin America and the Caribbean were presented at the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee held in Phnom Penh (Cambodia), in June ...

Culture|2030 Indicators Burkina Faso and the city of Ouagadougou Project Page

UNESCO Burkina Faso and the City of Ouagadougou Project Page © Shutterstock Partners Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators in Burkina Faso and the city of ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Alajuela Urban Report

National Culture Profile of Alajuela Alajuela Province, Alajuela, Costa Rica |© Fco.Daniel ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Baguio Urban Report

City of Baguio Urban Report City results Baguio Alajuela Baguio Bogotá Cluj-Napoca Dubrovnik Elvas Essaouira Hue Leskovac Ouagadougou Skopje Vietnam ---> The Urban Report The ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Bogotá Urban Report

City of Bogotá Urban Report City results Bogotá Alajuela Baguio Bogotá Cluj-Napoca Dubrovnik Elvas Essaouira Hue Leskovac Ouagadougou Skopje Vietnam ---> The Urban Report The ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Cluj-Napoca Urban Report

City of Cluj-Napoca Urban Report City results Cluj-Napoca Alajuela Baguio Bogotá Cluj-Napoca Dubrovnik Elvas Essaouira Hue Leskovac Ouagadougou Skopje Vietnam ---> The Urban ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Dubrovnik Urban Report

City of Dubrovnik Urban Report City results Dubrovnik Alajuela Baguio Bogotá Cluj-Napoca Dubrovnik Elvas Essaouira Hue Leskovac Ouagadougou Skopje Vietnam ---> The Urban ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Elvas Urban Report

City of Elvas Urban Report City results Elvas Alajuela Baguio Bogotá Cluj-Napoca Dubrovnik Elvas Essaouira Hue Leskovac Ouagadougou Skopje Vietnam ---> The Urban Report The ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Essaouira Urban Report

Urban Culture Profile of Essaouira Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) (Morocco)|© OUR PLACE The World Heritage ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Hue Urban Report

National Culture Profile of Hue Complex of Hué Monuments|© Bruno Doucin Sommaire Introduction Initiative Implementation Results ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Leskovac Urban Report

City of Leskovac Urban Report City results Leskovac Alajuela Baguio Bogotá Cluj-Napoca Dubrovnik Elvas Essaouira Hue Leskovac Ouagadougou Skopje Vietnam ---> The Urban ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Ouagadougou Urban Report

City of Ouagadougou Urban Report City results Ouagadougou Alajuela Baguio Bogotá Cluj-Napoca Dubrovnik Elvas Essaouira Hue Leskovac Ouagadougou Skopje Vietnam ---> The Urban ...

Culture|2030 Indicators City of Skopje Urban Report

City of Skopje Urban Report City results Skopje Alajuela Baguio Bogotá Cluj-Napoca Dubrovnik Elvas Essaouira Hue Leskovac Ouagadougou Skopje Vietnam ---> The Urban Report The ...

Culture|2030 Indicators Colombia and the city of Bogota Project Page

UNESCO Colombia and the City of Bogota Project Page © Sacred sites / Martin Gray | Archaeological park of San Augustin Partners Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 ...

Culture|2030 Indicators Costa Rica and the city of Alajuela Project Page

UNESCO Costa Rica and the City of Alajuela Project Page © Shutterstock Partners Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators in Costa Rica and the city of Alajuela is with ...

Culture|2030 Indicators Croatia and the city of Dubrovnik Project Page

Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators in Croatia and the city of Dubrovnik is with the support and partnership of the Ministry of Culture and Media and the city of Dubrovnik. This is part of the pilot ...

Culture|2030 Indicators First Phase of Implementation 2021-2022

The UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators framework is being implemented by Member States at the national and urban levels.

Culture|2030 Indicators Morocco and the city of Essaouira Project Page

UNESCO Morocco and the City of Essaouira  Project Page   Partners Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators in Morocco and the city of Essaouira is with the support and ...

Culture|2030 Indicators National Report of Burkina Faso

National Report of Burkina Faso Country results Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Columbia Costa Rica Croatia Morocco North Macedonia Philippines Portugal Romania Serbia Viet Nam Vietnam ---> The ...

Culture|2030 Indicators National Report of Colombia

National Report of Colombia Country results Colombia Burkina Faso Columbia Costa Rica Croatia Morocco North Macedonia Philippines Portugal Romania Serbia Viet Nam Vietnam ---> The National ...

Culture|2030 Indicators National Report of Croatia

Sommaire Introduction Four Thematic Dimension Mapped to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Four Thematic Dimension Mapped to UNESCO Culture Conventions UNESCO Culture ...

Culture|2030 Indicators National Report of Morocco

National Culture Profile of Morocco Historic City of Meknes (Morocco)|© UNESCO Sommaire Introduction Initiative Implementation Results ...

Culture|2030 Indicators National Report of North Macedonia

National Report of North Macedonia Country results North Macedonia Burkina Faso Columbia Costa Rica Croatia Morocco North Macedonia Philippines Portugal Romania Serbia Viet Nam Vietnam ...

Culture|2030 Indicators National Report of Portugal

National Report of Portugal Country results Portugal Burkina Faso Columbia Costa Rica Croatia Morocco North Macedonia Philippines Portugal Romania Serbia Viet Nam Vietnam ---> The National ...

Culture|2030 Indicators National Report of Romania

National Culture Profile of Romania Roșia Montană |© Daniel Vrabioiu Sommaire Introduction Initiative Implementation Results snapshot Key ...

Culture|2030 Indicators National Report of Serbia

National Report of Serbia Country results Serbia Burkina Faso Columbia Costa Rica Croatia Morocco North Macedonia Philippines Portugal Romania Serbia Viet Nam Vietnam ---> The National ...

Culture|2030 Indicators National Report of the Philippines

National Report of the Philippines Country results Philippines Burkina Faso Columbia Costa Rica Croatia Morocco North Macedonia Philippines Portugal Romania Serbia Viet Nam Vietnam ...

Culture|2030 Indicators North Macedonia and the city of Skopje Project Page

UNESCO North Macedonia and the City of Skopje Project Page © Milan Piroš Partners Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators in North Macedonia and the city of Skopje is ...

Culture|2030 Indicators Philippines and the city of Baguio Project Page

UNESCO Philippines and the City of Baguio Project Page © Shutterstock Partners Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators in the Philippines and the city of Baguio is ...

Culture|2030 Indicators Romania and the city of Cluj-Napoca Project Page

UNESCO Romania and the City of Cluj-Napoca Project Page © Daniel Vrabioiu / Roșia Montană Partners Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators Romania and the city of ...

Culture|2030 Indicators Serbia and the city of Leskovac Project Page

UNESCO Serbia and the City of Leskovac Project Page © Daniel Vrabioiu / Roșia Montană Partners Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators in Serbia and the city of ...

Culture|2030 Indicators Viet Nam and the city of Hue Project Page

UNESCO Viet Nam and the City of Hue Project Page © Trang An/ Landscape Complex Partners Implementation of the UNESCO Culture|2030 Indicators in Viet Nam and the city of Hue is ...

Daily monitoring system of heritage sites in the Baekje Historic Areas (Republic of Korea)

The daily monitoring of the conservation status of the heritage sites is carried out by local residents, who were trained as daily heritage inspectors by the managing authority. This monitoring system is a flexible, ...

Developing a new methodology for urban regeneration: the ROCK project in Bologna (Italy)

A pilot project to enhance public spaces using participatory processes helped to identify key lessons which can be later applied to other areas and cities.

Developing a participatory approach to World Heritage management in Mtskheta (Georgia)

National and local stakeholders are brought together in the Georgian World Heritage Protection Council. The Council reviews all proposals within the World Heritage properties and buffer zones and ensures adequate ...

Developing a Sustainable Tourism Strategy for the Silk Roads Heritage Corridors

Developing a Sustainable Tourism Strategy for the Silk Roads Heritage Corridors © UNESCO / Roland Lin Acclaimed as the ‘greatest route in the history of mankind’, the ancient Silk Road ...

Developing an official UNESCO World Heritage Mobile application

UNESCO seeks to encourage the identification, protection, preservation and conservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. This is embodied in ...

Developing an online tool for the World Heritage Policy Compendium

The World Heritage Policy Compendium (2015-2019) The proposed activities are presented in the framework of the ongoing development of a compendium of policy for the World Heritage Convention, a project that was ...

Developing Sustainable Fisheries in Lake Malawi National Park (Malawi)

Lake Malawi National Park was established in 1980 as a National Park and inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 1984 for its natural beauty (criterion vii) and outstanding biodiversity values, notably due to its ...

Developing sustainable rural tourism in San Gimignano (Italy)

In reaction to the sharp increase in incoming visitors over the last decades, San Gimignano has developed several initiatives to support jobs and local livelihoods while respecting the town’s cultural heritage, ...

Developing training courses in heritage related construction skills for job creation and reduction of emigration in ...

Over the last decade, several countries from the Sahel region have experienced insecurity and conflicts generated by rebel groups. This has affected the lives of the communities, worsening the region’s economic ...

Development of a World Heritage Information Management capacity in the Arab States

A capacity-building project to enrich World Heritage information management tools and techniques in the Arab States Region, from adequate documentation of sites, to use of recording tools, management planning, and ...

Dialogue between Abeer Abu Ghaith and Vít Šisler

The dialogue between Abeer Abu Ghaith and Vít Šisler centred around respecting different cultural values, and the ways they are shared and transferred. Ghaith emphasized the importance of having protocols to protect ...

Dialogue between Adi Utarini and Frank Snowden

The dialogue between Adi Utarini and Frank Snowden mainly focused on the close collaboration between public health and heritage. Utarini and Snowden agreed that the pandemic was a multifaceted problem that affected ...

Dialogue between Adrian Jo Milang and Mariam Kamara

The dialogue between Adrian Jo Milang and Mariam Kamara focused on the importance of understanding the true narratives of local and indigenous communities. Adrian and Mariam concurred that local culture should not ...

Dialogue between Ammar Khammash & Bianca Jagger

The dialogue between Ammar Khammash and Bianca Jagger focused on indigenous peoples and their link to technology. Ammar and Bianca agree that the knowledge of indigenous peoples should play a significant role in ...

Dialogue between Bruce Yerkovich and Aubin Arroyo

During the dialogue, Bruce Yerkovich and Aubin Arroyo introduced their innovative practices that create positive change in people towards sustainability. Bruce underlined that sustainable tourism can truly empower ...

Dialogue between Carissa Klein and Neeshad Shafi

Carissa Klein and Neeshad Shafi focused on the relationship between human-induced climate issues and heritage preservation. They both agreed that reducing carbon emissions should be a priority to safeguard heritage.

Dialogue between Fatemah Alzelzela & Alfred Brownell

The dialogue between Fatemah Alzelzela and Alfred Brownell centred around communities and vulnerabilities. Fatemah and Alfred agreed that the natural phenomena have severely impacted heritage. This negative impact ...

Dialogue between Gabriel Zuchtriegel and Doris Maria Woerfel

The dialogue between Gabriel Zuchtriegel and Doris Maria Woerfel centred on the engagement of the local community in tourism. They agreed that involving local communities is fundamental to sustainable tourism ...

Dialogue between Hamdan Abdul Majeed and Michael Pinksy

The dialogue between Hamdan Abdul Majeed and Michael Pinksy focused mainly on how sustainable tourism could benefit local communities. Tourists are generally confined to their ‘bubble’, which is not conducive to ...

Dialogue between Ibrahim Mahama and Azra Akšamija

Ibrahim Mahama and Azra Akšamija discussed the role of culture and heritage to highlight narratives of the under-represented regions. Both address questions of the ethics of preservation and how we deal with ...

Dialogue between Jana Apih and Jascivan Carvalho

The dialogue between Jana Apih and Jascivan Carvalho highlighted the value of local communities for sustainable tourism. They agreed that knowledge of local communities can be used to promote sustainable practices ...

Dialogue between Jean-Michel Jarre and Ethel Delali Cofie

The dialogue between Jean-Michel Jarre and Ethel D. Cofie mainly addressed the role of digital tools for heritage accessibility. They agreed that digital technologies can contribute to making heritage more ...

Dialogue between Jimmy Jean-Louis and Hoor Al-Qasimi

Jimmy Jean-Louis and Hoor Al-Qasimi emphasized the importance of connecting people with the help of culture, but they expressed different ways of working to that end. Al Qasimi believes that the essence of culture ...

Dialogue between Kamal Mouzawak and Kotchakorn Vorrakhom

The dialogue between Kamal Mouzawak and Kotchakorn Vorrakhom centred on the importance of local communities for sustainable tourism. They agreed that sustainable tourism must pay paramount attention to locals and ...

Dialogue between Kat Borlongan and Chance Coughenour

Kat Borlongan and Chance Coughenour discussed digital innovation and inclusivity. As thinkers, they explored the interconnection between technologies and heritage, agreeing that an inclusive digital environment is ...

Dialogue between Kidlat Tahimik and Bahia Shehab

The dialogue between Kidlat Tahimik and Bahia Shehab was mainly about celebrating local narratives to move towards a balanced representation of heritage. The two artists noted that popular culture today is greatly ...

Dialogue between Krista Kim and Ahmed Salman

Krista Kim and Ahmed Salman mainly discussed the intersectionality between art and science. COVID-19 highlighted the importance of bridging the gap between science and culture in order to reduce scepticism and ...

Dialogue between Małgorzata Górska and Hans Cosmas Ngoteya

Malgorzata Gorska and Hans Cosmas Ngoteya spoke about their experiences in protecting natural habitats and possible methods for natural heritage preservation. They both envision the next 50 years with specific legal ...

Dialogue between Maria Fernanda Espinosa and Salim Abdool Karim

The dialogue between Maria Fernanda Espinosa and Salim Abdool Karim was centred on the impacts and pre-exisiting problems of society during COVID-19. The pandemic uncovered the vulnerability of a divided society and ...

Dialogue between Max Tegmark and Tino Sehgal

The dialogue between Max Tegmark and Tino Sehgal centred around the dangers and opportunities of technological development for heritage. The two thinkers agreed that we must take into account the impacts of ...

Dialogue between Max Tegmark and Tino Sehgal

Dialogue between Max Tegmark and Tino Sehgal 50 Minds for the Next 50. Imagining Heritage in the Digital Dimension Session © Max Tegmark Cosmologist, physicist and professor ...

Dialogue between Nicolas Nova and Habiba Djahnine

Nicolas Nova and Habiba Djahnine discussed the role of new media and technologies in a balanced representation of culture. They agreed that technologies, including films and documentaries, can raise recognition of ...

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