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State of Conservation

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154
Reports
154
Properties
90
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2017 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2017 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Forestry /wood production, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
ancient and primeval beech forests of the carpathians and other regions of europeAncient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe albania,austria,belgium,bulgaria,croatia,germany,italy,romania,slovakia,slovenia,spain,ukraine Albania
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Germany
Italy
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Ukraine
2017 Commercial hunting, Forestry /wood production, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient city of aleppoAncient City of Aleppo syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2017 Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
ancient city of bosraAncient City of Bosra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2017 Housing, Illegal activities, War, Yes
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2017 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War,
Other Threats: fire
Yes
ancient city of nessebarAncient City of Nessebar bulgaria Bulgaria 2017 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2017 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Adverse effects of bird and bat droppings across the property
No
ancient villages of northern syriaAncient Villages of Northern Syria syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2017 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, War, Yes
archaeological areas of pompei, herculaneum and torre annunziataArchaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata italy Italy 2017 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Series of structural collapses at the property
No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2017 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Governance, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, War, Yes
archaeological site of leptis magnaArchaeological Site of Leptis Magna libya Libya 2017 War, Yes
archaeological site of panamá viejo and historic district of panamáArchaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá panama Panama 2017 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework,
Other Threats: Severe deterioration of historic buildings ; Demolition of urban ensembles and buildings ; Visual impact of a maritime viaduct
No
archaeological site of sabrathaArchaeological Site of Sabratha libya Libya 2017 War, Yes
area de conservacion guanacasteArea de Conservación Guanacaste costa rica Costa Rica 2017 Commercial hunting, Crop production, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Renewable energy facilities, Subsistence hunting, Water (extraction) ,
Other Threats: fire
No
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
baptism site “bethany beyond the jordan” (al-maghtas)Baptism Site “Bethany Beyond the Jordan” (Al-Maghtas) jordan Jordan 2017 Management systems/ management plan, No
belize barrier reef reserve systemBelize Barrier Reef Reserve System belize Belize 2017 Housing, Invasive / alien marine species, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Oil and gas, Yes
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
2017 Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Human resources, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Alterations of the hydrological regime; Border fence impeding mammal movements
No
birthplace of jesus: church of the nativity and the pilgrimage route, bethlehemBirthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem palestine Palestine 2017 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Degradation of the architectural complex of the Church of the Nativity
Yes
blue and john crow mountainsBlue and John Crow Mountains jamaica Jamaica 2017 Fire (widlfires), Forestry /wood production, Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Legal framework, Mining,
Other Threats: climate change
No
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2017 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
budapest, including the banks of the danube, the buda castle quarter and andrássy avenueBudapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue hungary Hungary 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation of residential housing in the area inscribed as World Heritage
No
cerrado protected areas: chapada dos veadeiros and emas national parksCerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks brazil Brazil 2017 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2017 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Continuous deterioration of earthen architecture structures and decorated surfaces from lack of conservation and maintenance practices
Yes
chitwan national parkChitwan National Park nepal Nepal 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, No
churches of chiloeChurches of Chiloé chile Chile 2017 Commercial development, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
city of potosiCity of Potosí bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2017 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Instability and risk of collapse of the Cerro Rico; Deficiencies in conservation: special attention required for the restoration and upgrading of structures with residential use and the archaeological industrial heritage
Yes
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 2017 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
coiba national park and its special zone of marine protectionCoiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection panama Panama 2017 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2017 Civil unrest, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
cornwall and west devon mining landscapeCornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2017 Commercial development, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2017 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Serious deterioration of materials and structure; Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property
Yes
crac des chevaliers and qal’at salah el-dinCrac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2017 Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, War, Yes
cultural and historic ensemble of the solovetsky islandsCultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands russian federation Russian Federation 2017 Air transport infrastructure, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of monitoring; Poor state of conservation of the monastic irrigation system
No
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2017 Civil unrest, Commercial development, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Military training,
Other Threats: Risk of collapse of the Giant Buddha niches; Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintings
Yes
cultural landscape of bali province: the subak system as a manifestation of the tri hita karana philosophyCultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy indonesia Indonesia 2017 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Governance, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, No
diyarbakır fortress and hevsel gardens cultural landscapeDiyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape turkey Turkey 2017 Civil unrest, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2017 Commercial hunting, Forestry /wood production, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2017 Crop production, Major linear utilities, Mining, Non-renewable energy facilities, Oil and gas, Pollution of marine waters, Water (extraction) , Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Guadalquivir River dredging project
No
dong phayayen-khao yai forest complexDong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex thailand Thailand 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Forest fragmentation / Need for ecological corridors
No
east rennellEast Rennell solomon islands Solomon Islands 2017 Changes to oceanic waters, Commercial hunting, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Forestry /wood production, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Storms, Yes
ecosystem and relict cultural landscape of lope-okandaEcosystem and Relict Cultural Landscape of Lopé-Okanda gabon Gabon 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ephesusEphesus turkey Turkey 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2017 Housing, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2017 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2017 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fragile state of the property and accelerated degradation by environmental factors, lack of maintenance and limited conservation planning
Yes
fossil hominid sites of south africaFossil Hominid Sites of South Africa south africa South Africa 2017 Ground water pollution, Mining, Surface water pollution, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Acid mine drainage; Climate change and severe weather events
No
fray bentos industrial landscapeFray Bentos Industrial Landscape uruguay Uruguay 2017 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2017 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
gelati monasteryGelati Monastery georgia Georgia 2017 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities,
Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
Yes
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 2017 Changes to oceanic waters, Ground water pollution, Marine transport infrastructure, Non-renewable energy facilities, Other climate change impacts, Storms, Surface water pollution, Temperature change,
Other Threats: Grounding of ships
No
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2017 Commercial development, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Water (extraction) , No
hatraHatra iraq Iraq 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, War, Yes
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Continued degradation of the vernacular architecture within the protected zones (particularly Ottoman-period timber houses in the Zeyrek and Süleymaniye core areas); Land Reclamation project
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2017 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic centre of bukharaHistoric Centre of Bukhara uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2017 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: degradation of traditional houses
No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of macaoHistoric Centre of Macao china China 2017 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of shakhrisyabzHistoric Centre of Shakhrisyabz uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2017 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Demolition and re-building of traditional housing areas
Yes
historic centre of the city of salzburgHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburg austria Austria 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
historic centre of viennaHistoric Centre of Vienna austria Austria 2017 Housing, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
historic centres of berat and gjirokastraHistoric Centres of Berat and Gjirokastra albania Albania 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of adequate fire fighting arrangements in the historic urban zone
No
historic city of ayutthayaHistoric City of Ayutthaya thailand Thailand 2017 Flooding, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration due to time
No
historic monuments and sites in kaesongHistoric Monuments and Sites in Kaesong democratic people's republic of korea Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2017 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic quarter of the seaport city of valparaisoHistoric Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso chile Chile 2017 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fire
No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2017 Avalanche/ landslide, Flooding, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of grand-bassamHistoric Town of Grand-Bassam cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2017 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
historical monuments at makli, thattaHistorical Monuments at Makli, Thatta pakistan Pakistan 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Stability of the foundations (earth mechanics) of the Jam Nizamuddin tomb
No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2017 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
humberstone and santa laura saltpeter worksHumberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works chile Chile 2017 Management systems/ management plan, Wind,
Other Threats: Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction; Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years; Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is given
Yes
island of saint-louisIsland of Saint-Louis senegal Senegal 2017 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants
No
islands and protected areas of the gulf of californiaIslands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California mexico Mexico 2017 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Serious concerns over the conservation status of two species, vaquita (porpoise species) and totoaba (marine fish)
No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2017 Civil unrest, Commercial hunting, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, War,
Other Threats: Villages in the ecological corridor between the highland and lowland sectors of the park
Yes
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2017 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2017 Air transport infrastructure, Earthquake, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
kenya lake system in the great rift valleyKenya Lake System in the Great Rift Valley kenya Kenya 2017 Governance, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 2017 Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2017 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2017 Air transport infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
No
liverpool – maritime mercantile cityLiverpool – Maritime Mercantile City united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2017 Commercial development, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Yes
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2017 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Other climate change impacts,
Other Threats: Nothofagus dieback
No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2017 Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
lower valley of the omoLower Valley of the Omo ethiopia Ethiopia 2017 Crop production, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Industrial areas, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
maloti-drakensberg parkMaloti-Drakensberg Park lesotho,south africa Lesotho
South Africa
2017 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2017 Civil unrest, Crop production, Financial resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Military training, Water infrastructure, No
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2017 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Yes
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 2017 High impact research / monitoring activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
No
medieval monuments in kosovoMedieval Monuments in Kosovo serbia Serbia 2017 Civil unrest, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property
Yes
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2017 Housing, Underground transport infrastructure, No
memphis and its necropolis – the pyramid fields from giza to dahshurMemphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur egypt Egypt 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Underground transport infrastructure, No
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2017 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Inclination of the Minaret
Yes
monarch butterfly biosphere reserveMonarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve mexico Mexico 2017 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure,
Other Threats: Decline in the overwintering population of Monarch butterflies in the property
No
morne trois pitons national parkMorne Trois Pitons National Park dominica Dominica 2017 Renewable energy facilities, No
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
2017 Air pollution, Drought, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2017 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
nan madol: ceremonial centre of eastern micronesiaNan Madol: Ceremonial Centre of Eastern Micronesia micronesia (federated states of) Micronesia (Federated States of) 2017 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
natural and cultural heritage of the ohrid regionNatural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region the former yugoslav republic of macedonia the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
natural system of wrangel island reserveNatural System of Wrangel Island Reserve russian federation Russian Federation 2017 Marine transport infrastructure, Oil and gas,
Other Threats: Increased human presence
No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area united republic of tanzania United Republic of Tanzania 2017 Crop production, Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Challenging situation of community livelihoods; Condition and conservation of the Laetoli hominid footprints
No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2017 Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Translocated species, Water infrastructure, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Mining, Yes
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2017 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Natural risk factors; Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2017 Civil unrest, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management activities, War,
Other Threats: Functional decay of the residential neighborhoods; Physical damage and instability of buildings
Yes
old town of ghadamesOld Town of Ghadamès libya Libya 2017 War, Yes
old towns of djenneOld Towns of Djenné mali Mali 2017 Civil unrest, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
Yes
old walled city of shibamOld Walled City of Shibam yemen Yemen 2017 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Flooding, Human resources, War, Water (rain/water table), Yes
osun-osogbo sacred groveOsun-Osogbo Sacred Grove nigeria Nigeria 2017 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Surface water pollution, No
ouadi qadisha (the holy valley) and the forest of the cedars of god (horsh arz el-rab)Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) lebanon Lebanon 2017 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
palace of westminster and westminster abbey including saint margaret’s churchPalace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2017 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
palestine: land of olives and vines – cultural landscape of southern jerusalem, battirPalestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir palestine Palestine 2017 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Invasive/alien terrestrial species,
Other Threats: Potential construction of a separation fence (wall)
Yes
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2017 Commercial development, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
phong nha-ke bang national parkPhong Nha-Ke Bang National Park viet nam Viet Nam 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
plitvice lakes national parkPlitvice Lakes National Park croatia Croatia 2017 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
qal’at al-bahrain – ancient harbour and capital of dilmunQal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun bahrain Bahrain 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
rainforests of the atsinananaRainforests of the Atsinanana madagascar Madagascar 2017 Fire (widlfires), Governance, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Society's valuing of heritage, Subsistence hunting, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2017 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, Yes
rock art in the hail region of saudi arabiaRock Art in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia saudi arabia Saudi Arabia 2017 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Visual impact of a rain water diversionary dam and of a water tower
No
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Human resources, Illegal activities, War, Yes
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 2017 Governance, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire at the site
No
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2017 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, War, Yes
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2017 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
sangha trinationalSangha Trinational cameroon,central african republic,congo Cameroon
Central African Republic
Congo
2017 Civil unrest, Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Mining, No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve united republic of tanzania United Republic of Tanzania 2017 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Significant decline of wildlife populations due to poaching
Yes
shiretokoShiretoko japan Japan 2017 Aquaculture, Hyper-abundant species, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Anticipated effects of climate change
No
silk roads: the routes network of chang'an-tianshan corridorSilk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor china,kazakhstan,kyrgyzstan China
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Comparative fragility of many sites
No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2017 Crop production, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species
Yes
site of palmyraSite of Palmyra syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2017 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Localised utilities, Major linear utilities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, War,
Other Threats: serious weathering of many stone blocks
Yes
socotra archipelagoSocotra Archipelago yemen Yemen 2017 Civil unrest, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Invasive / alien marine species, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
south china karstSouth China Karst china China 2017 Governance, Management systems/ management plan, No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2017 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Underground transport infrastructure, No
susaSusa iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2017 Commercial development, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2017 Illegal activities, Mining, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
2017 Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Lack of a long-term biological monitoring program
No
the forth bridgeThe Forth Bridge united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2017 Management systems/ management plan, No
the great wallThe Great Wall china China 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
the sundarbansThe Sundarbans bangladesh Bangladesh 2017 Forestry /wood production, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Non-renewable energy facilities, Pollution of marine waters, Storms, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Dredging of the Pashur River
No
three parallel rivers of yunnan protected areasThree Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas china China 2017 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Apparent decline in wildlife populations
No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Marine transport infrastructure, No
tomb of askiaTomb of Askia mali Mali 2017 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
tombs of buganda kings at kasubiTombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi uganda Uganda 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
Yes
tropical rainforest heritage of sumatraTropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra indonesia Indonesia 2017 Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Renewable energy facilities, Yes
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2017 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
No
upper middle rhine valleyUpper Middle Rhine Valley germany Germany 2017 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Renewable energy facilities, No
vat phou and associated ancient settlements within the champasak cultural landscapeVat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
venice and its lagoonVenice and its Lagoon italy Italy 2017 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Water infrastructure, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2017 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, War, Yes
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2017 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
wood buffalo national parkWood Buffalo National Park canada Canada 2017 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Other climate change impacts, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Lack of engagement with First Nations and Metis in monitoring activities and insufficient consideration of traditional ecological knowledge
No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.