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UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape

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Second Consultation on the 2011 Recommendation on Historic Urban landscape Implementation by Member States, 2019

The World Heritage Centre gratefully acknowledges the work of the Member States in carefully preparing their detailed and meticulous responses and the numerous individuals and organizations who have contributed to the survey. The Member States of UNESCO, their delegations, the national focal points of the 2011 Recommendation, and the relevant ministries, agencies, and the site managers in each of the responding countries have provided valuable inputs to the implementation survey.

Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of
the 2011 UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape

The 10th Anniversary of the 2011 UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape serves as a catalyst for greater adoptions of the HUL approach. The Anniversary is a platform to share lessons learned from COVID-19 and to resume discussions on the future of urban management, including topics such as public space, renovations, tourism, infrastructure and livelihoods.

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Discover what steps were taken towards the current HUL Recommendation.

Learn how the HUL Recommendation is implemented at the global level and how it can be localized.

Follow the expert meetings on HUL Recommendation and explore individual case studies.

The tools that can be used to aid the implementation of the HUL Recommendation.

The knowledge and experience on HUL Recommendation is growing, you can make use of available resources.

Find out more connections related to urban heritage and corresponding activities in other organisations.

History

On 10 November 2011 UNESCO’s General Conference adopted the new Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape by acclamation, the first such instrument on the historic environment issued by UNESCO in 35 years.

The Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape will not replace existing doctrines or conservation approaches; rather, it is an additional tool to integrate policies and practices of conservation of the built environment into the wider goals of urban development in respect of the inherited values and traditions of different cultural contexts. This tool, which is a “soft-law” to be implemented by Member States on a voluntary basis. In order to facilitate implementation, the UNESCO General Conference recommended that Member States take the appropriate steps to:
  • adapt this new instrument to their specific contexts;
  • disseminate it widely across their national territories;
  • facilitate implementation through formulation and adoption of supporting policies; and to
  • monitor its impact on the conservation and management of historic cities.

It further recommended that Member States and relevant local authorities identify within their specific contexts the critical steps to implement the Historic Urban Landscape approach, which may include the following:

  • To undertake comprehensive surveys and mapping of the city’s natural, cultural and human resources;
  • To reach consensus using participatory planning and stakeholder consultations on what values to protect for transmission to future generations and to determine the attributes that carry these values;
  • To assess vulnerability of these attributes to socio-economic stresses and impacts of climate change;
  • To integrate urban heritage values and their vulnerability status into a wider framework of city development, which shall provide indications of areas of heritage sensitivity that require careful attention to planning, design and implementation of development projects;
  • To prioritize actions for conservation and development;
  • To establish the appropriate partnerships and local management frameworks for each of the identified projects for conservation and development, as well as to develop mechanisms for the coordination of the various activities between different actors, both public and private.

Historical Background

Implementation of the HUL Recommendation

Learn how the HUL Recommendation is implemented at the global level and how it can be localized.

© Ministère de la Culture et de la Francophonie du Côte d'Ivoire / Ministère de la Culture et de la Francophonie du Côte d'Ivoire / Historic Town of Grand-Bassam (Côte d'Ivoire)

The Recommendation Text

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Decisions

Executive Board Decisions

Executive Board Article Summary HUL
201 EX/39 11 Brief of Director Heritage Division on the implementation of the 2011 Recommendation The Director of the Division for Heritage and the World Heritage Centre, representative of the Culture Sector, presented the updated information on the implementation of 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions, and of the 2015 Recommendation concerning the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collections, their Diversity and their Role in Society.
201 EX/28 2 Cooperation between ICCROM in areas of Protection of heritage in an urbanizing world The Parties may cooperate on the areas related to the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and the 1976 Recommendation on Contemporary Roles for Historic Areas, including the promotion of urban conservation, not only on the urban heritage itself, but also the heritage left behind in rural areas as populations continue to shift to urban centres.
201 EX/19 PART I-IV 44   The General Conference examined progress made in the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape at its 38th session (document 38 C/71). In so doing, it reiterated the importance of this standard-setting instrument for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular for Sustainable Development Goal 11 “Sustainable cities and communities” and invited Member States to take the necessary measures to ensure its implementation and submit their implementation report.
  45   To continue activities launched since the adoption of the Recommendation, the World Heritage Centre has pursued the development of initiatives to promote the historic urban landscape approach and provide technical support to Member States in its implementation. A parallel event at the 40th session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Istanbul from 10 to 17 July, then in Paris from 24 to 26 October 2016, was thus devoted to the issue of safeguarding urban heritage, in particular through the use of the Recommendation.
  46   UNESCO’s partners (United Nations agencies and programmes, universities, UNESCO Chairs, category 2 centres under the auspices of UNESCO, public and private institutions, nongovernmental organizations) are also continuing their support for this action by developing outreach tools and activities. This mobilization is in keeping with the decision of the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session (40 COM 5D, paragraph 6), by which it took note of “the results achieved by the World Heritage Cities Programme” and called “States Parties and other stakeholders to provide human and financial resources ensuring the continuation of this Programme in view of its crucial importance for the conservation of the urban heritage inscribed on the World Heritage List, for the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and its contribution to achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals related to cities as well as for its contribution to the preparation of the New Urban Agenda”.
  47   This instrument played an important role in the preparation of the Global Report on Culture for Sustainable Urban Development, presented by UNESCO at the 3rd United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III), in October 2016. The report showed that the Recommendation proposes a very broad scope for the protection and conservation of urban heritage and includes intangible heritage, cultural expressions and creative industries. It thus contributes to the strengthening of synergies between the Conventions of 1972, 2003 and 2005.
  48   In response to a growing number of requests from several stakeholders in the conservation of urban heritage, the Secretariat has initiated reflection and mobilization of human and financial resources for the development of a methodological tool on the use of the approach centred on the historical urban landscape.
  49   The Secretariat has started to establish a timetable for the submission by Member States of their reports on the implementation of the Recommendation with a view to the 40th session of the General Conference in 2019.
201 EX/16 Annex IX Leadership position of UNESCO 2001-20014 2011 Chairperson of the Intergovernmental Meeting of Experts for the negotiation of the Recommendation on the "Historic Urban Landscape"
201 EX/4.INF   Donations received July-Dec 2016 Mexico - Cooperation Project with the Municipality of Guanajuato in the Framework of UNESCO’s recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape (26,638 USD) Mexico - Cooperation Project with Fundación Claudia y Roberto Hernández on on Historic Urban Landscape (45,000 USD) Mexico - Cooperation Project with the Municipality of Puebla in the Framework of UNESCO’s recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape (79,988 USD) Uzbekistan - Consultation Meeting on the Implementation of the UNESCO Recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape held in Samarkand and Bukhara, Uzbekistan (October 2016) (20,000 USD) UNDP - Finance fully the cost of a National Seminar on the conservation of the urban heritage of Ilha de Moçambique – Implementing the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (23,577 USD). Principal Department for Preservation and Utilization of Cultural Objects of the Ministry of Culture and Sports of Uzbekistan - “Implementation of the UNESCO recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape of World Heritage Properties in Samarkand and Bukhara, Uzbekistan” 18-21 October 2016. The aim of this consultation meeting is to review and update the Vision, Strategic Objectives and Programs of the Historic Cities of Bukhara and Samarkand (2,900 USD)
SCX-2016/BROCHURE/EXECUTIVE BOARD   Amended at the 196th session of the Executive Board (196 EX/Decision 20), this procedure (see Annex I) and framework guidelines apply to the following two conventions and 14 recommendations Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (10 November 2011)
       
200 EX/33 8 Item 16 Implementation of standard-setting instruments The Director of the Division for Heritage and the World Heritage Centre and the Chief of the Cultural Diversity Section presented the report on normative instruments in the field of culture. The Committee took note of progress made in the implementation of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and 2015 Recommendation concerning the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collection, their Diversity and their Role in Society.
200 EX/16 PARTIE I & II 48   The General Conference examined progress made in the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape at its 38th session (document 38 C/71). In so doing, it reiterated the importance of this standard-setting instrument for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, in particular Goal 11 “Sustainable Cities”, and invited Member States to take the measures necessary to ensuring its application and to submit their reports on implementation.
  49   To continue activities launched since the adoption of the Recommendation, the World Heritage Centre has pursued the development of initiatives to promote the historic urban landscape approach and provide technical support to Member States in its implementation. A parallel event at the 40th session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Istanbul from 10 to 20 July 2016, was thus devoted to the issue of safeguarding urban heritage, in particular through the use of the Recommendation
  50   UNESCO’s partners are also continuing to support this effort by developing awarenessraising tools. This is the case in particular for the World Heritage Training and Research Institute for the Asia and the Pacific Region (WHITR-AP), category 2 centre, and the town of Ballarat (Australia), which have published a methodological guide.
  51   This instrument will be a key element in the preparation of the report on the role of culture in sustainable urban development which will be presented by UNESCO at the third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) in October 2016.
  52   The Secretariat has started to establish a timetable for the submission by Member States of their reports on the implementation of the Recommendation with a view to the 40th session of the General Conference in 2019.
200 EX/13 PART I + CORR, (A),(B),(C) & -II (+corr) -III -IV 21 37 C/4 Strategic Objectives (7) Proposed thematic areas Protecting and promoting tangible cultural and natural heritage (1972 Convention and the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape) (SDG targets 4.7, 5.5, 5.c, 6.6, 8.3, 8.9, 11.4, 13.1, 14.5, 14.7, 15)
  232 Programme delivery A Sector-wide shared platform on “Cities, Culture, and Sustainable Development” will provide an opportunity for increasing synergies across the conventions and bringing together the activities of the World Heritage Cities Programme and the Creative Cities Network, as well as the Recommendation on Historic Urban Landscapes, particularly in the context of SDG 11 on safe, sustainable, and resilient cities and Target 11.4 on protecting cultural and natural heritage. The platform will also be the focus for MP IV’s intersectoral engagement on cities.
  236 Proposed main line of action Discharging the statutory functions necessary for the effective and efficient implementation of the 1954, 1970, 1972 and 2001 Conventions, will remain a priority of MLA 1, as well as the promotion and monitoring of the 2011 and 2015 Recommendations on the Historic Urban Landscape and Museums and Collections respectively.
  238 Thematic area 1: Protecting and promoting tangible cultural and natural heritage (1972 Convention and the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape) (SDGs 4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15) The informed and sustainable management of the world’s cultural and natural heritage against these threats will be protected and promoted especially by pursuing the goals set out in the World Heritage Strategic Action Plan 2012-2022 and the World Heritage policy on sustainable development adopted in 2015.
  239 Thematic area 1: Protecting and promoting tangible cultural and natural heritage (1972 Convention and the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape) (SDGs 4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 15) Efforts will continue to enhance the credibility of the 1972 Convention including Tentative Lists, nominations clearly demonstrating outstanding universal value, and decisionmaking by the World Heritage Committee. Ways will be identified to manage the pressures outlined in the recommendations of the External Auditor on the Global Strategy, and the IOS Audit on Working Methods of UNESCO’s Culture Conventions, regarding the need to focus on protection and safeguarding mechanisms.
    ASSESSMENT OF 38 C/5 CULTURE THEMATIC AREAS ACCORDING TO RELEVANCE AND COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE (based on Member States replies to the 39 C/5 questionnaire) Relevance and UNESCO Comparative Advantage CLT 3: Identifying, protecting, monitoring and sustainably managing tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape)
  63 ASSESSMENT OF 38 C/5 Overall, the two areas which were assessed by the vast majority of respondents (at least 73%) as highly relevant and in which UNESCO has a strong comparative advantage are those related to the cultural intangible (2003 Convention) and tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape).
  67 ASSESSMENT OF 38 C/5 Regarding “Safeguarding the intangible cultural heritage, including indigenous and endangered languages (2003 Convention)” and “Identifying, protecting, monitoring and sustainably managing tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape)”, a number of respondents stressed the importance of addressing the disparity between developing and developed countries for both the World Heritage List and the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
  78   State Parties to culture conventions should identify and focus on key priorities, and contribute to their financing to bridge the gaps; Result frameworks, an effective monitoring system, results reporting framework, including periodic reports should be defined and/or strengthened; Thematic extrabudgetary programmes could be adjusted, phased out or carried out by partner organizations such as category 2 institutes and centres under the auspices of UNESCO. – Cultural intangible (2003 Convention) and tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape)
  60 A few NGOs recommended adjustments and further strengthening of one or more specific areas. Examples include: Shift the current focus on listing mechanisms to more important and long-term conservation, management and safeguarding mechanisms with regard to Tangible heritage (1972 Convention and 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape) and Cultural intangible (2003 Convention);
199 EX/CR/2 REV. 14 PROCEDURES FOR THE EXAMINATION OF REPORTS FROM MEMBER STATES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF UNESCO’S STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS It is to be noted that since the adoption of 177 EX/Decision 35 and 34 C/Resolution 87, a specific institutional monitoring mechanism has been provided for the 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, as an outcome of the second Meeting of States Parties to the 1970 Convention. Furthermore, the General Conference adopted in 2011 the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions…. The CR Committee is thus responsible for monitoring the implementation of the following 2 conventions and 14 recommendations:
199 EX/BROCHURE CR 14 PROCEDURES FOR THE EXAMINATION OF REPORTS FROM MEMBER STATES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF UNESCO’S STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS It is to be noted that since the adoption of 177 EX/Decision 35 and 34 C/Resolution 87, a specific institutional monitoring mechanism has been provided for the 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property, as an outcome of the second Meeting of States Parties to the 1970 Convention. Furthermore, the General Conference adopted in 2011 the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions…. The CR Committee is thus responsible for monitoring the implementation of the following 2 conventions and 14 recommendations:
199 EX/14 PART I - IV 42   The General Conference examined the status of implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape at its 38th session (document 38 C/71). It recalled the importance of this standard-setting instrument and its implementation by Member States, in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (particularly Goal 11 “Sustainable cities and communities”), invited Member States to take the necessary measures to implement the Recommendation and encouraged them to submit their reports on its implementation
  43   Following on from activities implemented since the adoption of the 2011 Recommendation, which are reported on in detail in document 38 C/71 and its annex, the World Heritage Centre is continuing to develop initiatives designed to promote the historic urban landscape approach and provide technical support to Member States in the implementation of the Recommendation.
  44   This instrument will be a key element in the preparation of the report on the role of culture in sustainable urban development which will be presented by UNESCO at the third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) in October 2016.
  45   The World Heritage Centre has started to establish a timetable for the submission by Member States of their reports on the implementation of the Recommendation with a view to the session of the General Conference in 2019.
199 EX/5.INF REV.+ CORR Action 2.3 Preserving tangible and intangible cultural heritage and promoting culture for island sustainable development. Objective 2 Enhance the capacities of SIDS to safeguard their cultural and natural heritage, including marine and underwater cultural heritage Integrate the holistic approach to cultural heritage preservation, carried by the UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (2011), into the development policies and planning strategies.
199 EX/4 PART I (A-B) + PART II (+ CORR.) + PART III 214 MLA1: Protecting, conserving, promoting and transmitting culture and heritage for dialogue and development The tangible cultural heritage conventions (1954 and its two protocols, 1970, 1972 and 2001) continue to be seen as key instruments. The adoption in 2015 of a new Recommendation on the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collections, together with the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, is testimony to the value given by Member States to the Organization’s normative function in the field of culture. However, the tangible heritage conventions have varying levels of ratification: while the 1972 Convention has reached near universality with 191 States Parties, this is not the case for the 1954 (127), 1970 (131), and 2001 (53) Conventions, which suggests that the beneficial provisions of some of these instruments may not be fully understood.
197 EX/SR.1-8 Item 20.IV: DRAFT DECISIONS RECOMMENDED TO THE EXECUTIVE BOARD Draft decision in paragraph 19 of document 197 EX/49 Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (197 EX/20 Part IV)
198 EX/9.INF   TENTATIVE LIST OF MATTERS TO BE CONSIDERED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD IN 2016-2017 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (CLT) REFERENCES 195 EX/Dec.15
197 EX/CR/1 PROV. IV   Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions REFERENCE 195 EX/Dec.15 DOCUMENT 197 EX/20 Part IV
197 EX/49 20. Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (197 EX/20 Part IV) In his introduction, the Assistant Director-General for Culture, representative of the DirectorGeneral, specified that this report, contained in document 197 EX/20 Part IV, was based on the outcomes and recommendations of the different activities implemented by UNESCO and its partners since the adoption of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions. He explained that the report was structured in a way to reflect the work carried out by the World Heritage Centre in view of having the approach of the 2011 Recommendation supporting the implementation of the World Heritage Convention for the conservation of historic urban ensembles, beyond the World Heritage List. He also underlined the fact that although the application of the historic urban landscape approach focuses on three priority regions (Africa, the Arab States and Latin America and the Caribbean), interesting work was carried out in Asia, with the support of the World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for the Asia and the Pacific Region (category 2 centre), as well as in Europe with the UNITOWN network (network of universities located in cities that have part of their urban space inscribed on the World Heritage List). He further mentioned the development of promotion materials to better explain the principles of the historic urban landscape approach and finally stressed the key role of the 2011 Recommendation in the elaboration of the report on the role of Culture and Heritage in Sustainable Urban Development prepared by UNESCO in the framework of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to be presented at Habitat III conference in October 2016. To conclude his presentation, the representative of the Director-General stressed the fact that the Recommendation not being included in the Major Programme IV of the 37 C/5, no budget is allocated to follow it.
  21   Four Committee Members and two Observers took the floor. They all welcomed the report and stressed the relevance of this normative instrument, as well as the interest in having it widely used for the conservation of urban ensembles, be there inscribed on the World Heritage List or not. Three Committee Members acknowledged the need to link this Recommendation with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and one of them suggested to reflect that in the draft decision on this item.
  22   Two Committee Members welcomed the close cooperation between UNESCO and the category 2 centres in the application of the Recommendation and called for further efforts in that direction.
  23   Two Committee Members and the two Observers requested more information on the reason why no report was submitted by Members States. They also expressed their wish to see a calendar for the submission of such reports presented.
  24   The representative of the Director-General responded that the application of the Recommendation required further scientific consultations after its adoption due to the complexity of the subject and the need to have all urban heritage stakeholders adhering to it. He explained that the expert meetings held in 2013 in Rio de Janeiro and Paris confirmed the need to clarify the key concepts carried by the Recommendation hence the focus of the World Heritage Centre and its partners on this important aspect of the application of the normative instrument. In terms of reinforcement of the application of the Recommendation with the objective to receive reports from the Member States, the representative of the Director-General explained that the ongoing work carried out by UNESCO with the Report on the role of Culture and Heritage in Sustainable Urban Development is providing a very high visibility to the normative instrument used, the 2011 Recommendation being a major one.
  25   In reply to a question from an observer, the Legal Adviser indicated that following the modifications approved by the Executive Board at its 196th session to the Specific multi-stage procedure for the monitoring of the implementation of UNESCO conventions and recommendations for which no specific institutional mechanism is provided, the Secretariat will submit to the 199th session of the Board the 2016-2017 timetable for submission of Member States’ reports on measures taken to implement the conventions and recommendations for the period under consideration, as provided in the second paragraph of the first stage of this Specific multi-stage procedure.
  26 At the end of the discussions, the Committee decided to recommend the following draft decision to the Executive Board 2. Having examined document 197 EX/20 Part IV presenting the report on the implementation of the Recommendation concerning Historic Urban Landscapes and the report of the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations (CR) thereon (197 EX/49),
197 EX/20 PART I-VIII 38   Implementation of the 2011 Recommendation began in 2011 with a series of workshops in pilot cities, particularly on the east coast of Africa, and continued between 2012 and 2014 in Asia and the Arab States. The World Heritage Centre will continue to implement activities aimed at preparing regional or subregional action plans in 2015 in the three priority regions: Latin America and the Caribbean (two subregional meetings being prepared in Haiti for July 2015 and Quito, Ecuador, for September 2015), the Arab States (a regional conference in Kuwait in December 2015) and Africa (a subregional workshop in Cidade Velha, Cabo Verde, in February 2015). Furthermore, the World Heritage Centre has participated since November 2014 in 197 EX/20 Part I – page 11 a debate, led by a network of European universities located in cities whose historical centre has been totally or partially inscribed on the World Heritage List, on the role that those universities could play in conservation work for the urban areas in question, based on the historic urban landscape approach. Besides promoting the approach in Europe, this initiative has the merit of considering the role of the academic world in the implementation of the Recommendation. The aim of the activities is to convince Member States of the relevance of the historic urban landscapecentred approach and to demonstrate its benefits, not only in the conservation of urban areas inscribed or in the process of being inscribed on the World Heritage List, but also in sustainable urban planning in general.
  39   In compliance with the legal framework adopted by the Executive Board at its 177th session (177 EX/Decision 35 (I)) and the 2014-2017 timetable for the work of the CR Committee on the implementation of standard-setting instruments that the Executive Board is required to monitor (195 EX/Decision 15), the consolidated report on the implementation of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions is being submitted to the Executive Board at this session (document 197 EX/20 Part IV) before being transmitted to the General Conference at its 38th session.
  20 APPLICATION OF THE 2011 RECOMMENDATION ON THE HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE, INCLUDING A GLOSSARY OF DEFINITIONS FIRST CONSOLIDATED REPORT
197 EX/20.INF 2C This document, drawn up to give effect to 33 C/Resolution 88, contains the following information Reports on the implementation of standard-setting instruments submitted to the General Conference in 2015. 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions (document 197 EX/20 Part IV – item 20 of the provisional agenda of the 197th session of the Executive Board) B. RECOMMENDATIONS Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions. 10 November 2011.* Of UNESCO’s 32 recommendations, the Executive Board is responsible for monitoring this recommendation.
197 EX/4.INF.2 Annex II LIST OF DONATIONS AND SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED DURING JANUARY-JUNE 2015 Mexico - Municipalities of San Miguel de Allende and Guanajuato. Methodology for the Declaration on the Conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape in San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, México (140,703 USD)
197 EX/1 PROV.REV.   MATTERS RELATING TO NORMS, STATUTES AND REGULATIONS Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions REFERENCES 195 EX/Dec.15 DOCUMENT 197 EX/20 Part IV
197 EX/DECISIONS IV Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions The Executive Board, 1. Recalling 177 EX/Decision 35 (I), 195 EX/Decision 15 and 196 EX/Decision 20, 2. Having examined document 197 EX/20 Part IV containing the report on the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, and the report of the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations (CR) thereon, 3. Recalls that the submission by Member States of periodic reports on the implementation of recommendations adopted by the General Conference is an obligation under Article VIII of UNESCO’s Constitution and Article 17 of the Rules of Procedure concerning recommendations to Member States and international conventions covered by the terms of Article IV, paragraph 4, of the Constitution; 4. Encourages Member States to submit their reports on the application of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape; 5. Also recalls that the periodic consultation of Member States on the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape is intended to enable the Organization to assess both the extent to which Member States are implementing that instrument, and the obstacles that they encounter; 6. Reaffirms the importance of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and of its implementation by Member States, in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; 7. Invites Member States, particularly those from the three priority regions (Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and the Arab States), to support the Secretariat’s efforts to implement the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, notably by hosting technical meetings, workshops and conferences on the implementation of the approach conveyed by the standard-setting instrument; 8. Recommends that the General Conference invite those Member States that have not taken measures to implement the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape to do so, and to provide the required reports thereon; 9. Invites the Director-General to transmit to the General Conference, at its 38th session, the consolidated report on the measures taken by Member States to implement the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, together with the Executive Board’s observations thereon, and any observations or comments that the DirectorGeneral may wish to make.
196 EX/28.INF.2   Provisional list of matters to be examined by the Executive Board at its 197th session MATTERS RELATING TO NORMS, STATUTES AND REGULATIONS Application of the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions, 195 EX/Dec.15
196 EX/19 PART I, II, III & IV 36 Item 19 of the provisional agenda IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS In the light of the foregoing, the Executive Board may wish to adopt a decision along the following lines: The Executive Board, 1. Recalling 15 C/Resolution 12.2, 23 C/Resolution 29.1, 165 EX/Decision 6.2, 32 C/Resolution 77, 170 EX/Decision 6.2, 171 EX/Decision 27, 174 EX/Decision 21, 175 EX/Decision 28, 176 EX/Decision 33, 177 EX/Decision 35 (I) and (II), 34 C/Resolution 87, 180 EX/Decision 31, 181 EX/Decision 27, 182 EX/Decision 31, 184 EX/Decision 20, 185 EX/Decision 23 (I), 186 EX/Decision 19 (I), 187 EX/Decision 20 (I), 189 EX/Decision 13 (I), 190 EX/Decision 24 (I), 191 EX/Decision 20 (I), 192 EX/Decision 20 (I), 194 EX/Decision 21 and 195 EX/Decision 15 relating to the first aspect of the terms of reference of the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations (CR), which concerns the implementation of standard-setting instruments, 2. Having examined document 196 EX/19 Part I and the report of the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations thereon (196 EX/..), 3. Urges Member States, once again, to fulfil their legal obligations under Article VIII of the Constitution of UNESCO regarding periodic reports on the action taken to give effect to the conventions and recommendations; 4. Requests the Director-General to ensure the implementation of the legal framework for the enforcement of standard-setting instruments, adopted at its 177th session, by the programme sectors and the UNESCO Institute of Statistics (UIS), which have responsibility for the conventions and recommendations monitored by the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations; 5. Decides to continue consideration of the matter at its 197th session.
196 EX/5 PART I + ADD + PART II-V + PART III Corr. + PART V ADD.   Item 5 of the provisional agenda FOLLOW-UP TO DECISIONS AND RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD AND THE GENERAL CONFERENCE AT THEIR PREVIOUS SESSIONS PRIORITY 3 - Main Actions: Integrate the holistic approach to cultural heritage preservation, carried by the UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (2011), into the development policies and planning strategies.
196 EX/4.INF.2   BUDGETARY SITUATION OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR 2014-2015 (37 C/5) AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2014 (UNAUDITED), BUDGET ADJUSTMENTS ARISING FROM DONATIONS AND SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED Mexico - Local Government, Methodology for the Declaration on the Conservation of Historic Urban Landscapes (40,000 USD) Italy - University of Ferrara - Mission to participate in the International Workshop "A European Programme to apply UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape Principles to University Cities", organized by the Unitown-University Town Network of the University of Ferrara (Ferrara, Italy, 19 December 2014) (380 USD) World Heritage Institute of Training and Research for Asia and the Pacific Region (WHITRAP), Government of the People's Republic of China, Category 2 Centre, International Symposium & Training Course on the Historic Urban Landscape (Shanghai, China, 9-11 December 2014) (60,000 USD).
195 EX/37 10 Item 15 Implementation of standard-setting instruments – General monitoring (195 EX/15) The Deputy Director of the Culture Sector’s Division for Heritage subsequently recalled that the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape was a useful tool for urban conservation, particularly for urban areas on the World Heritage List. The World Heritage Committee also encouraged the States Parties to the 1972 Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage to integrate the concept of the historic urban landscape in their nominations and in the formulation of management plans for sites nominated for inclusion in the World Heritage List. In September 2013, the World Heritage Centre, in collaboration with the National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute of Brazil and the Regional Heritage Management Training Centre “Lucio Costa Centre” (category 2 centre), held an international expert meeting to discuss ways to include the methodological approach relating to the Recommendation in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention. In December 2013, the World Heritage Centre held a meeting to discuss the implementation of the Recommendation. The meeting, attended by 36 experts, led to the adoption of a plan of action calling for the establishment of partnerships with other institutions and organizations to promote the Recommendation worldwide. Three priority regions were identified for the implementation of the Recommendation in the coming years: Africa, the Arab States and Latin America and the Caribbean. Member States, particularly those of the three priority regions, were invited to support the efforts of the World Heritage Centre to promote the implementation of the Recommendation, including hosting technical meetings, workshops and conferences on the scope and application of the instrument.
195 EX/15 47 Item 15 of the provisional agenda IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS GENERAL MONITORING Implementation of the 2011 Recommendation was launched in 2011 with a series of workshops in pilot cities, particularly on the east coast of Africa, and continued between 2012 and 2014 in Asia and the Arab States. A full list of the workshops, with an evaluation of the results obtained and challenges, has been posted online on the CR website. Regional action plans should be implemented in 2014 and 2015. The aim is to convince Member States of the relevance of an approach centred on the historic urban landscape and to demonstrate its benefit in the conservation of urban areas that are, or are in the process of being inscribed on the World Heritage List.
  48   An international expert meeting on including the methodological approach relating to the Recommendation in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention was held at Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) from 3 to 5 September 2013. The objective of the meeting was to review the relevant texts and to promote a better understanding of the Recommendation as a UNESCO standard-setting instrument, enabling better integration of cultural heritage conservation in development policies.
  49   A brainstorming meeting on the implementation of the Recommendation, two years after its adoption, was held at UNESCO Headquarters on 13 December 2013. Several experts who participated in drafting the text of the Recommendation and/or who have applied the approach that it advocates since 2011 attended the meeting.
  50   The results of the two meetings were submitted to the World Heritage Committee at its 38th session, held in Doha in June 2014. The Committee took note of the report of the international meeting held in Rio de Janeiro and [here to end, from decision] decided to examine the proposals contained in the report within the framework of the revision of the Operational Guidelines at its 39th session, in 2015.
194 EX/CR/2 14 Procedures for the examination of reports from Member States on the implementation of UNESCO’s standard-setting instruments It is to be noted that since the adoption of 177 EX/Decision 35 and 34 C/Resolution 87, the General Conference adopted in 2011 the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions.
194 EX/BROCHURE CR 14   It is to be noted that since the adoption of 177 EX/Decision 35 and 34 C/ Resolution 87, the General Conference adopted in 2011 the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions.
194 EX/21 32 Item 21 of the provisional agenda IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS Implementation of the Recommendation was launched in 2011 with a series of workshops in pilot cities, particularly on the east coast of Africa, and continued in 2012 and 2013 in Asia and the Arab States. Regional action plans should be implemented in 2014 and 2015. The aim is to convince Member States of the relevance of an approach centred on the historic urban landscape and to demonstrate its benefit in the conservation of urban areas that are, or are in the process of being inscribed on the World Heritage List.
  33   An international expert meeting on including the methodological approach relating to the Recommendation in the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention was held at Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) from 3 to 5 September 2013. The objective of the meeting was to review the relevant texts and to promote a better understanding of the Recommendation as a UNESCO standard-setting instrument, enabling better integration of cultural heritage conservation in development policies. A brainstorming meeting on the implementation of the Recommendation, two years after its adoption, was held at UNESCO Headquarters on 13 December 2013. Several experts who participated in drafting the text of the Recommendation and/or who have applied the approach that it advocates since 2011 attended the meeting.
  34   The results of the two meetings will be submitted to the World Heritage Committee at its 38th session in June 2014. The consolidated report on the implementation of this Recommendation will be examined by the Executive Board at its 197th session (autumn 2015) and then by the General Conference at its 38th session in 2015.
194 EX/4 PART I A (+ Add.Rev.2), II, III, IV (+ ADD.) + ADD 2 766 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAMME AND BUDGET AND RESULTS ACHIEVED IN THE PREVIOUS BIENNIUM (2012-2013 – 36 C/5) (DRAFT 38 C/3) The publication of the two volumes showcasing the Bethlehem Area Conservation and Management Plan as a model plan for safeguarding Palestinian Historic Urban Landscapes was finalized and is being distributed.
  935   Within the framework of the Recommendation for the Historic Urban Landscape, UNESCO has also been working closely with the authorities and civil society institutions in developing measures to enhance the protection of historic Yangon.
  1063   Promoting culture-led development and capacity building of the government has been the main focus for 2012-2013. Rural communities and vulnerable groups in Baluchistan and South Punjab have been engaged in creative industries. This action contributed to the achievement of MDG1 (poverty reduction) and MDG3 (women empowerment). Teachers have shown improved capacity in heritage education; their engagement for the promotion of the cultural diversity went through the incorporation of local ICH practices into teaching and learning. The important role of urban heritage as a source of social cohesion, creativity and innovation has been upheld through the implementation of a Historic Urban landscape project in the city of Rawalpindi.
194 EX/4.INF.2   BUDGETARY SITUATION OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR THE 2012-2013 REGULAR BUDGET (36 C/5) AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2013 (UNAUDITED), BUDGET ADJUSTMENTS ARISING FROM DONATIONS AND SPECIAL CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED The National Historical and Artistic Heritage Institute (IPHAN), Ministry of Culture of Brazil’ International World Heritage Expert Meeting on the Mainstreaming of the methodological approach related to the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape in the Operational Guidelines (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3 to 5 September 2013): Costs relating to the participation of 26 experts from different regions (travel and accommodation) + meals and local transportation for all 45 participants (58 750USD)
192 EX/20.INF D Item 20 of the provisional agenda IMPLEMENTATION OF STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENTS Reports on the implementation of standard-setting instruments submitted to the General Conference in 2015: 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, including a glossary of definitions
192 EX/4 PART I (A,B)-IV + PART III ADD+ ADD.2   Item 4 of the provisional agenda REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE EXECUTION OF THE PROGRAMME ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE MLA 1: Protecting and conserving cultural an nature heritage through the effective implementation of the 1972 Convention Expected result 2: Contribution of World Heritage properties to sustainable development enhanced: Activities have been launched to promote the implementation of the Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape and demonstrate its potential in developing urban development policies at the local level.
192 EX/4.INF.2   Item 4 of the provisional agenda EXECUTION OF THE PROGRAMME ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Project development and fundraising for Historic Landscape to the Heritage based Urban Regeneration in Ng'ambo as part of the World Heritage site, (2 307 USD)
191 EX/NGP/2   APPLICATION OF THE DIRECTIVES CONCERNING UNESCO’s PARTNERSHIP WITH NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS AND THE DIRECTIVES CONCERNING UNESCO’s PARTNERSHIP WITH FOUNDATIONS AND SIMILAR INSTITUTIONS Cooperation with UNESCO: The Indian Heritage Cities Network (IHCN) was originally founded as a UNESCO programme by UNESCO New Delhi in 2006. The Foundation was established in 2009 as an independent body with the aim to continuing managing the programme. Thus, the purpose and activities of IHCN-F are in line with UNESCO’s mandate in the field of culture: protection of cultural and natural heritage, safeguard of the intangible cultural heritage, protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions and the new Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape adopted by the General Conference in 2011. Areas for future collaboration include: (i) City-to-city partnership between Europe and Indian cities; (ii) Technical assistance in the development of policy, legislation, urban planning; (iii) Dissemination and sharing of knowledge and good practices of the cities of India; (iv) International and national partnership for cities and relevant institution; (v) Training and certification of masons for historical building; (vi) Database of national resource persons in the area of heritage management.
191 EX/AHPG.INF 202 REPORT OF THE AD HOC PREPARATORY GROUP 21 – 26 MARCH 2013 A few delegates sought clarifications on the operational translation of certain programmes in the Draft 37 C/5 document, notably the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation vis-à-vis the Creative Cities Network, and on efforts to monitor and assess the intentional destruction and damage to cultural heritage. In this regard, one delegate observed that a reference to the 2003 UNESCO Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage should be included in the proposed text, and one delegate underlined the necessity to add a reference to the 2001 Underwater Cultural Heritage Convention to the list of instruments cited. The representative of the Director-General provided clarification on the place of the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation in the context of the Creative Cities Network programme, confirming that this network was not focused on heritage conservation, but adding that the Sector had attempted to offer a more integrated approach throughout the programme. The representative of the DirectorGeneral confirmed the importance given to the Seoul Agenda on Arts Education in Strategic Objective 8 on creativity, the operational translation of the approach proposed to assess the intentional destruction and damage to cultural heritage in Draft 37 C/5, and the inclusion of references to the 2003 UNESCO Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage and to the 2001 Underwater Cultural Heritage Convention.
  266   A delegate wished to receive confirmation that the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation featured in Draft 37 C/4 document was included in the proposed Major Programme IV. A question was raised as to why the previous recommendation on the same subject was not included in bit documents, especially given that the two recommendations complement each other. The representative of the Director-General confirmed the inclusion of the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation in Major Programme IV and confirmed that he would add the other Recommendation on Landscapes as well.
191 EX/4 PART I (A) (B only in Eng)+ PART I ADD.REV. (Eng) & PART II   REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE EXECUTION OF THE PROGRAMME ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE Expected Result 20: Heritage promoted as a vector of dialogue, cooperation and mutual understanding, especially in post-conflict countries as a specific component of broader initiatives to promote innovative and creative approaches to culture as a bridge to sustainable social, economic and human development. In the context of the initiative “Culture: A Bridge to Development”, a first sub-regional “Balkan Bridges Speak” event was organized in Edirne, Turkey (24-25 November 2012). Round tables were organized on the implementation of the 2005 and 1970 Conventions and on the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation, promoting exchanges on issues of common interests among intellectual writers from the region, government officials, local authorities, experts and the private sector.
  451   The publication of the two volumes showcasing the Bethlehem Area Conservation and Management Plan as a model plan for safeguarding Palestinian Historic Urban Landscapes was finalized;
191 EX/4.INF   MANAGEMENT CHART FOR PROGRAMME EXECUTION IN 2012-2013 (36 C/5 APPROVED) STATUS AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2012 (NON-AUDITED) Embassy of The Netherlands in the United Republic of Tanzania, Project Development of European Union Proposal: Historic Urban Landscape- An Integrative Approach to Heritage- based Urban Regeneration in Ng'ambo as part of the World Heritage Site "Stone Town of Zanzibar" (22 021 USD)
190 EX/38 11 IMPLEMENTATION OF 36 C/RESOLUTION 81 AND 189 EX/DECISION 19 CONCERNING EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE OCCUPIED ARAB TERRITORIES Within the framework of the MDG-Fund, the Sebastiya Integrated Conservation and Management Plan on the protection of archaeological sites and features, as well as integrating historic urban fabric and cultural landscape, has been finalized in June 2012.
190 EX/5 PART I- IV+ ADD.(PART I, PART III-IV) + ADD.2 (PART III) 4b REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE FOLLOW-UP TO DECISIONS AND RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD AND THE GENERAL CONFERENCE AT THEIR PREVIOUS SESSIONS The UNESCO Project Office in Libya and the World Bank are engaged in preliminary discussions with a view to coordinating and/or cooperating on joint projects regarding urban cultural heritage and the UNESCO Historic Urban Landscapes Recommendation (HUL), in collaboration with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Division of the World Bank;
  4c   The World Bank plans to implement a two-year demonstration urban management programme (estimated budget: US$1,250,000) in three historic cities in India to integrate culture and heritage through the UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation approach. It is the first phase of a US$2 billion urban development project financed by a World Bank-India funds-in-trust to be developed in cooperation with UNESCO New Delhi under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). The programme is designed to define a set of sustainable planning, civic engagement and financial tools aimed at ensuring the sustainability of the conservation process. The modalities of the UNESCO – World Bank cooperation are under discussion.
189 EX/SR.1-7 56.12 Summary records The General Conference also drew new lines for our work. It adopted a Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape.
189 EX/NGP/2 + CORR. (Eng. only) 26 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NEW DIRECTIVES CONCERNING UNESCO’s PARTNERSHIP WITH NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ICOMOS Cooperation with UNESCO: It also cooperated with UNESCO on a number of other Conventions including 1954, 2001 and 2003 Conventions and participated in reflections on other standard setting instruments including the 2011 Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape.
  61   UIA Cooperation with UNESCO: Since 2004, the UNESCO World Heritage Centre has cooperated closely with IUA, particularly under the World Heritage Cities Programme. IUA was an active member of the working group that compiled the UNESCO recommendation on the historic urban landscape that was finalized by the UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Moreover, the President of IUA played an important role during the intergovernmental meeting (category II) held at UNESCO Headquarters in May 2011, which drafted the text of the UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, subsequently adopted by the UNESCO General Conference at its 36th session (2011). IUA could play a major role in implementing the Recommendation through its extensive worldwide network of members. UIA also participates in the external panel of evaluation for candidate cities of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the field of design.
189 EX/INF.12   Address by Ms Irina Bokova, It adopted a Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscapes.
189 EX/19   IMPLEMENTATION OF 36 C/RESOLUTION 81 and 187 EX/DECISION 41 CONCERNING EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE OCCUPIED ARAB TERRITORIES  
GBS/EX/2011/SCH/38   35th session of the World Heritage Committee Inaugural Meeting Address by H. E. Ms Eleonora Valentinovna Mitrofanova Another topic discussed by the Board is the Draft Recommendation on the Conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape. This was based on 4 important discussions in this Committee which led to the Vienna Memorandum (2005) and the subsequent Decisions of the Convention’s Governing Bodies. The aim of this instrument is to provide guidance in relation to new challenges to urban heritage conservation and management. Regarding this issue, I am pleased to inform you that based on Board’s decision taken previously, a meeting of experts took place at UNESCO Headquarters last month in the light of the comments received from Member States and resulted in the adoption of the Draft Recommendation, which will now be submitted to the General Conference in October this year for approval.
187 EX/INF.4   Comprehensive report by the Director-General on UNESCO’s standard-setting instruments 2A: Draft standard-setting instruments whose adoption is planned for 2011 Possible recommendation on the conservation of historic urban landscapes (36 C/23 – item 8.1 of the provisional agenda of the 36th session of the General Conference).
187 EX/23 6 PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE TECHNICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS RELATING TO THE DESIRABILITY OF A STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENT CONCERNING HERITAGE PRESERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM III. Impacts of tourism: opportunities and challenges Impacts on preservation of heritage values of the cultural and natural heritage. Heritage values can benefit from, but can also be threatened by tourism related activities. Likewise, the success of tourism is coupled with the pressures related to the volumes of tourists growing exponentially, the services and infrastructures required to accommodate their needs at an escalating number of the most renowned natural and cultural heritage sites, museums and historic urban landscapes, landscapes, biosphere reserves and protected areas. The degradation of heritage values – or damage to the natural, tangible and intangible heritage and “sense of place” – constitutes an irremediable loss for humanity and future generations, as well as an economic loss linked to the global competition between destinations as the attractiveness of these heritage values decreases.
186 EX/INF.6   REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2010 ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE EXTERNAL AUDITOR AND HIS COMMENTS THEREON Recommendation implemented WHC has strengthened its cooperation with the other United Nations agencies, especially in relation to the historic urban landscape, biodiversity, etc. To illustrate these examples: UN-Habitat, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) contributed to the drafting of the new UNESCO recommendation on the historic urban landscape.
186 EX/42 3bi: DRAFT MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN UNESCO AND THE INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT (IRBD), AND THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION (IDA) 3. FRAMEWORK FOR COLLABORATION historic cities preservation and rehabilitation: this would include the joint identification of scenarios to further promote historic cities and the historic urban landscape agenda in priority regions of the developing world, as well as collaboration in the early identification of investment operations by the World Bank and of technical assistance programmes by UNESCO
186 EX/22 PART I-III + PART I ADD. & ADD. 2 + PART II ADD 8.1 PREPARATION OF THE PROVISIONAL AGENDA OF THE 36th SESSION OF THE GENERAL CONFERENCE Proposals concerning the desirability of a standard-setting instrument on historic urban landscapes In 35 C/Resolution 42, the General Conference set forth the procedure for the elaboration of a preliminary draft recommendation and invited the Director-General to submit a final report and, if appropriate, a revised draft to the General Conference at its 36th session. Decision required: the General Conference is invited to take a decision on the proposals presented in document 36 C/23.
186 EX/21 6 Other bodies have adopted the following legal instruments, conventions, declarations and charters which cover parts of landscapes or specific areas: 2005 Declaration on the conservation of Historic Urban Landscapes (15th General Assembly of States Parties to the World Heritage Convention, 2005).
  Annex RESOLUTION IFLA 47TH WORLD CONGRESS, SUZHOU, CHINA FROM 28-30 MAY 2010 Noting major efforts by agencies of the United Nations, the Council of Europe as well as increasing demand by civil society, associations and NGOs on the enhancement of landscapes and landscape settings and taking into account the leadership provided by UNESCO on the conservation of cultural landscapes and the preparation of a historic urban landscape recommendation,
186 EX/20 6 PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE TECHNICAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS RELATING TO THE DESIRABILITY OF A STANDARD-SETTING INSTRUMENT CONCERNING HERITAGE PRESERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM III. IMPACTS OF TOURISM: OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES Heritage values can benefit from, but can also be threatened by tourism-related activities. Likewise, the success of tourism is coupled with the pressures related to the volumes of tourists growing exponentially, the services and infrastructures required to accommodate their needs at an escalating number of the most renowned natural and cultural heritage sites, museums and historic urban landscapes, landscapes, biosphere reserves and protected areas.
186 EX/14 PART II-IX 3 REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE FEASIBILITY OF ESTABLISHING CATEGORY 2 INSTITUTES AND CENTRES UNDER THE AUSPICES OF UNESCO The Government of Italy proposed the establishment of an International Research Centre on the Economics of Culture and World Heritage Studies in Turin (hereinafter “the proposed Centre”) to reinforce the implementation of the World Heritage Convention and its strategic programme objectives, the priorities of UNESCO’s Culture Sector related to the economics of culture, the study of the impacts of culture on development and the Historic Urban Landscape initiative.
    III. Objectives and functions of the proposed Centre The proposed Centre would act as a shared platform for training and research activities, exchange and share of experiences and practices, among the various academic and educational actors working in the field of the economics of culture and the management of UNESCO World Heritage properties. The Centre would serve as a high-level applied research platform for urban environment policies and activities undertaken by the Culture Sector of UNESCO and the World Heritage Centre in the framework of the Historic Urban Landscape initiative.
  27 The global relevance and impact of the proposed Centre The work of the Centre is expected to result in the improvement in the implementation of the World Heritage Convention with special focus on the management of World Heritage properties and of cultural resources and in the fulfilment of the specific Culture Sector strategies in the field of culture and development and of the Historic Urban Landscape initiative at the international level.
186 EX/4 PART I-II + PART I ADD. (Eng, Fre only) + PART II CORR. 882 REPORT BY THE DIRECTOR-GENERAL ON THE EXECUTION OF THE PROGRAMME ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE New partners were identified to support UNESCO actions and the UNESCO Montevideo Culture Sector was invited to bring technical support on the analysis of the state of the arts of cultural heritage conservation and clarify its challenges, emphasizing the links between tangible and intangible heritage and the concept of historic urban landscape that will be debated during the next session of the General Conference of UNESCO. The Sector could rely on the support of Basque Government cooperation, European Union and the Municipality of Vitoria (Spain), and activities of follow-up will be organized in 2011 and 2012 in the sub region, in order to foster exchange of knowledge and experience accumulated in Europe and support urban policy and revitalization of the Historical Centres of Montevideo and Buenos Aires.
185 EX/SR.1-10 46 ORGANIZATIONAL AND PROCEDURAL MATTERS 46 “Invitations to the Intergovernmental Meeting of Experts (category II) related to a draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape”, had been proposed by the Director-General and examined by the Bureau. In addition, Part I of item 1
185 EX/46   INVITATIONS TO THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL MEETING OF EXPERTS (CATEGORY II) RELATED TO A DRAFT RECOMMENDATION ON THE CONSERVATION OF THE HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE Draft Decision of the Recommendation
    (c) Palestine (Article 7B of the Regulations) Under Article 7B of the Regulations, the Executive Board shall invite Palestine to send an observer to the intergovernmental meeting (category II) convened to draw up a draft recommendation on the conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape.
185 EX/17 PART I-II + PART I ADD. (A, B, C) + PART I CORR 66 Biennial sectoral priority 2 (BSP 2): Advocating for the inclusion of culture and intercultural dialogue in development policies to foster a culture of peace The second biennial priority will focus on harnessing the linkages between culture and development within the international arena by demonstrating their relevance in aid effectiveness policies and mechanisms as an economic and social driver to promote intercultural dialogue through innovation and creativity in today’s globalized societies. Action will build on initiatives initiated in the last biennium highlighting the role of cities in cultural and economic development as well as for dialogue among cultures. Efforts will be focused on advancing the implementation of the UNESCO Recommendation on Historic Urban Landscapes and related ongoing work on Historic Urban Centres. This will include a focus on the arts and creativity, as well as tourism as vectors for dialogue, exchange and the rapprochement of cultures. It will also highlight the role of cities for economic and social development, in close cooperation with MP III, and include flagship projects promoting intercultural dialogue, such as the Slave Route project and the pedagogical use of UNESCO General Histories
185 EX/2 + ADD   INVITATIONS TO THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL MEETING OF EXPERTS (CATEGORY II) RELATED TO A DRAFT RECOMMENDATION ON THE CONSERVATION OF THE HISTORIC URBAN LANDSCAPE (185 EX/46) The Executive Board, 1. Recalling 35 C/Resolution 42, by which the General Conference invited the DirectorGeneral to submit a preliminary report setting forth the position with regard to the conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape, and to convene an intergovernmental meeting of experts (category II) to reconsider the draft of the Recommendation on the conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape that was sent to Member States in the light of the comments received, and to submit a final report and, if appropriate, a revised draft for consideration by the General Conference at its 36th session (2011), 2. Having examined document 185 EX/46, 3. Decides: (a) that invitations to participate in the Meeting of Experts to reconsider the draft Recommendation on the conservation of the Historic Urban Landscape in the light of the comments received by Member States, will be sent to all Member States and Associate Members of UNESCO; (b) that invitations to send observers to the Meeting of Experts will be sent to the organizations of the United Nations system with which UNESCO has concluded mutual representation agreements and which are listed in paragraph (d) of the annex of document 185 EX/46; (c) that an invitation to send an observer, as defined above, will be sent to Palestine, as mentioned in paragraph (c) of the annex to document 185 EX/46; (d) that invitations to send observers to the Meeting of Experts will be sent to the organizations, foundations and institutions listed in paragraphs (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j) of the annex of document 185 EX/46; (e) that the Director-General is authorized to send out any other invitations she may deem useful for advancing the work of the above-mentioned intergovernmental meeting (category II), notifying the Executive Board thereof.
185 EX/1 + ADD.   Invitations to the Intergovernmental Meeting of Experts (category II) related to a draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape REFERENCE: Item proposed by the Director-General DOCUMENT: 185 EX/46
185 EX/DECISIONS 46 DECISIONS ADOPTED BY THE EXECUTIVE BOARD AT ITS 185th SESSION Invitations to the Intergovernmental Meeting of Experts (category II) related to a draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape (185 EX/46). The Executive Board, 1. Recalling 35 C/Resolution 42, by which the General Conference invited the DirectorGeneral to submit a preliminary report setting forth the position with regard to the conservation of the historic urban landscape, to convene an intergovernmental meeting of experts (category II) to reconsider the draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape that was sent to Member States in the light of the comments received and to submit a final report and, if appropriate, a revised draft for consideration by the General Conference at its 36th session (2011), 2. Having examined document 185 EX/46, 3. Decides: (a) that invitations to participate in the Meeting of Experts to reconsider the draft recommendation on the conservation of the historic urban landscape in the light of the comments received from Member States will be sent to all Member States and Associate Members of UNESCO; (b) that invitations to send observers to the Meeting of Experts will be sent to the organizations of the United Nations system with which UNESCO has concluded mutual representation agreements and which are listed in paragraph (d) of the annex to document 185 EX/46; (c) that an invitation to send an observer, as defined above, will be sent to Palestine, as mentioned in paragraph (c) of the annex to document 185 EX/46; (d) that invitations to send observers to the Meeting of Experts will be sent to the organizations, foundations and institutions listed in paragraphs (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), (j) of the annex to document 185 EX/46; 4. Authorizes the Director-General to send out any other invitations that she may deem useful for advancing the work of the above-mentioned intergovernmental meeting (category II), notifying the Executive Board thereof.
184 EX/SR.1-9 12.23 Summary records Concerning the time frame for the elaboration of the new recommendation on the historic urban landscape, the Assistant Director-General for Culture confirmed that the process was under way and on schedule for the presentation of a text for adoption by the General Conference in 2011.

World Heritage Committee Decisions

41st Session of the World Heritage Committee, Krakow, Poland
Decisions Concerning Urban Heritage

Reporting

First Consolidated Report (2015)

This document contains an overall report on the conventions and recommendations of UNESCO that the Committee on Conventions and Recommendations is required to monitor, and an analysis of specific measures adopted by the Secretariat within the framework of the monitoring of the implementation of standard-setting instruments and the difficulties encountered for each of the instruments, since the 195th session of the Board.

Download the Report

Second Consolidated Report (2019)

The Second Consolidated Report will be published in 2019.

UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation (2011) and
The New Urban Agenda (UN-Habitat)

Urban heritage, including its tangible and intangible components, constitutes a key resource in enhancing the liveability of urban areas, and fosters economic development and social cohesion in a changing global environment. As the future of humanity hinges on the effective planning and management of resources, conservation has become a strategy to achieve a balance between urban growth and quality of life on a sustainable basis.

Sustainable Development Target 11.4 highlights the importance cultural and natural heritage for making safe and resilient cities and the New Urban Agenda (UN-Habitat) underlines the need for integrated approaches to urban sustainability.

The Historic Urban Landscape approach addresses the policy, governance and management concerns involving a variety of stakeholders, including local, national, regional, international, public and private actors in the urban development process. Having one foot on the Sustainable Development Goal, Target 11.4, and the other on the New Urban Agenda (UN-Habitat), the UNESCO Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation, addresses relevant urban issues for the historic urban areas. The interlinkages to the Sustainable Development Goals, the New Urban Agenda (UN-Habitat) and the UNESCO’s Culture Conventions are important to designate, for which this matrix displays the contribution of the Historic Urban Landscape Recommendation in defining the role of culture for sustainable development. It also enables a structured perspective towards reporting processes

Connections between the New Urban Agenda and the HUL Recommendation
Theme NUA SDGs HUL HUL A. Plan 1972 Convention 2005 Convention 2003 Convention 1954 Convention
Public Space 37 Goal 11.7 Article 2
Article 24b
         
Ending Poverty 14a, 25 Goal 1 Article 2          
Role of National and Local Government 15b, c.i, 21, 29, 47,48, 75,
81, 82, 87, 90, 118
Goal 17 Article 6
Article
22b/d
Article23
Article 26‐
30
Article 2, 6 Article 5
Article 6
Article 7
Article 10
Article 2.4    
Heritage 38, 45, 60, 125 Goal 11.4 Article 3
Article 4
Article 7
Article 8
Article 10
  Article 4
Article 5
Article 7
  Article 1  
Leverage as key for sustainable city 22, 53 Goal 3
Goal 11
Article 1
Article 5
Article 11
         
Discrimination, Migration, Developing Countries 20, 28, 40, 57, 84 Goal 11.c
Goal 11.5
Article 12     Article 1
Article
7.1.a
   
Territorial Development 50 Goal 11
Goal 17
Article 13          
Urban Planning 51, 52, 96, 97 Goal 11.a Article 5
Article 17
Article 21
Article 24b
Article 4, 5 Article 5      
Sustainable Economic Growth 13d, 14b, 43‐45,
56, 60, 62
Goal 8, Goal 10 Article 18
Article 24d
      Article 116  
Resilience & Disaster 67 Goal 13 Article 2
Article 19
Article 20
  Article 21      
Environment, Ecosystem 13h, 13g, 14c, 55, 63‐69,
71, 73‐76, 79, 80, 101,
119
Target 11.5
Target 11.6
Article 2
Article 19
Article 20
Article 3        
Armed Conflict 30   Article 20   Article 11     Article 2
Adequate Housing and Living Standards 31‐35,
46, 54, 55, 77, 105‐108,
111, 112, 120
Target 11.1 Article 2          
Safe & accesible urban city 100 Goal 11            
Community Involvement 97, 38, 149   Article 24a Article 2 Article 5a
Article 10
     
Research, Information, Communication 148   Article 26
Article 27
Article 1 Article 5c/e
Article 24
     
Capacity Building 148, 149 Goal 4 Article 25 Article 6 Article 5e,
22c, 23, 27
     
Assesment of Impact 161 Goal 11 Article 17          

Activities

Follow the expert meetings on HUL Recommendation and explore individual case studies.

© UNESCO / Francesco Bandarin / Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia)

Expert Meetings

List of Expert Meetings conducted on HUL Recommendation
Date Place Country
2011 July The Island of Mozambique Mozambique
2011 July Stone Town of Zanzibar Tanzania
2011 August Lamu Old Town Kenya
2012 November Edirne Turkey
2013 April Muharraq Bahrain
2013 May Madrid Spain
2013 September Rio de Janeiro Brasil
2013 September Seville Spain
2013 December Rabat Morocco
2013 December Paris HQ France
2013 December Sfax Tunisia
2014 February Kuwait City Kuwait
2014 March Edmonton Canada
2014 May Cuenca Ecuador
2014 July French Speaking Africa
2014 September Nanjing China
2014 December Ferrara Italy
2014 December Shanghai China
2015 January Valladolid Spain
2015 February Cidade Velha Caba Verde
2015 April Dakar Senegal
2015 July Haiti Haiti
2015 September Quito Ecuador
2015 December Kuwait Kuwait
2016 March London UK
2016 June Algiers Algier
2016 October Samarkand Bukhara Uzbekistan
2016 November Tangier Morocco

Case Studies

List of Case Studies conducted on HUL Recommendation
Region City Country Source Year
Europe and North America Regensburg Germany GO HUL Information Sheet 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean Willemstad Curaçao GO HUL Information Sheet 2017
Asia and the Pacific Galle Sri Lanka GO HUL Information Sheet 2017
Asia and the Pacific Maibud Iran Persian Historic Urban Landscapes: Interpreting and Managing Maibud over 6000 Years, Edinburg University Press, 2017 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean Cuenca Ecuador THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, 2016
the Application of the Recommendation on Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) in Cuenca – Ecuador, 2017
2017
Asia and the Pacific Shanghai China THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, WHITRAP, 2016 2016
Asia and the Pacific Ballarat Australia THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, WHITRAP, 2016 2016
Asia and the Pacific Suzhou China THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, WHITRAP, 2016 2016
Europe and North America Amsterdam Netherlands THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, 2016 2016
Europe and North America Naples Italy THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, 2016 2016
Asia and the Pacific Rawalpindi Pakistan THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, WHITRAP, 2016 2016
Africa Zanzibar Tanzania THE HUL GUIDEBOOK Managing heritage in dynamic and constantly changing urban environments A practical guide to UNESCO’s Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, 2016 2016
Africa Island of Mozambique Mozambique Swahili Historic Urban Landscapes, UNESCO, 2013 2013
Africa Stone Town of Zanzibar United Republic of Tanzania Swahili Historic Urban Landscapes, UNESCO, 2013 2013
Africa Lamu Old Town Kenya Swahili Historic Urban Landscapes, UNESCO, 2013 2013

Map of Case Studies conducted on HUL Recommendation

Tools

The tools that can be used to aid the implementation of the HUL Recommendation.

© OUR PLACE The World Heritage Collection / Geoff Mason / Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia (Brazil)

The approach based on the historic urban landscape implies the application of a range of traditional and innovative tools adapted to local contexts. Some of these tools, which need to be developed as part of the process involving the different stakeholders, might include:

groups
a Civic engagement tools

should involve a diverse cross-section of stakeholders, and empower them to identify key values in their urban areas, develop visions that reflect their diversity, set goals, and agree on actions to safeguard their heritage and promote sustainable development. These tools, which constitute an integral part of urban governance dynamics, should facilitate intercultural dialogue by learning from communities about their histories, traditions, values, needs and aspirations, and by facilitating mediation and negotiation between groups with conflicting interests.

engineering
b Knowledge and planning tools

should help protect the integrity and authenticity of the attributes of urban heritage. They should also allow for the recognition of cultural significance and diversity, and provide for the monitoring and management of change to improve the quality of life and of urban space. These tools would include documentation and mapping of cultural and natural characteristics. Heritage, social and environmental impact assessments should be used to support and facilitate decision-making processes within a framework of sustainable development.

foundation
c Regulatory systems

should reflect local conditions, and may include legislative and regulatory measures aimed at the conservation and management of the tangible and intangible attributes of the urban heritage, including their social, environmental and cultural values. Traditional and customary systems should be recognized and reinforced as necessary.

business_center
d Financial tools

should be aimed at building capacities and supporting innovative income-generating development, rooted in tradition. In addition to government and global funds from international agencies, financial tools should be effectively employed to foster private investment at the local level. Micro-credit and other flexible financing to support local enterprise, as well as a variety of models of partnerships, are also central to making the historic urban landscape approach financially sustainable.

Resource Materials

The knowledge and experience on HUL Recommendation is growing, you can make use of available resources.

© ICHHTO / S.H. Rashedi / Aerial View, Jame Mosque
Actualités (24)
Événements (23)
Mise en œuvre de la Recommandation HUL
26 March 2018 - 28 March 2018
Décisions / Résolutions (2)
Code : 42COM 5A

Le Comité du patrimoine mondial,

  1. Ayant examiné le document WHC/18/42.COM/5A,
  2. Rappelant la décision 41 COM 5A adoptée à sa 41e session (Cracovie, 2017) et la décision 40 COM 5D adoptée à sa 40e session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016),
    Questions générales :
  3. Prend note avec satisfaction des activités menées à bien par le Centre du patrimoine mondial au cours de l’année écoulée pour atteindre le résultat escompté, à savoir l’« identification, la protection, le suivi et la gestion durable du patrimoine matériel par les États membres, notamment par la mise en œuvre effective de la Convention de 1972 », et les cinq objectifs stratégiques présentés dans le document WHC/18/42.COM/5A ;
  4. Accueille le rôle proactif du Secrétariat pour renforcer les synergies entre la Convention du patrimoine mondial et les autres conventions ayant trait à la culture et à la biodiversité, notamment l'intégration de ces aspects dans le nouveau format de présentation des rapports périodiques et le lancement d'une page Web consacrée à ces synergies sur le site Internet du Centre ;
  5. Accueille également le renforcement de la collaboration entre les conventions ayant trait à la biodiversité, par l'intermédiaire du Groupe de liaison sur la biodiversité et d'activités ciblées comme des ateliers, des déclarations communes et des actions de sensibilisation ;
  6. Prend note des études thématiques sur la reconnaissance des valeurs associatives au moyen du critère (vi) du patrimoine mondial et sur l'interprétation des sites de mémoire, financées respectivement par l'Allemagne et la République de Corée, et encourage tous les États parties à tenir compte de leurs résultats et recommandations lors de l'identification des sites ainsi que lors de la gestion et de l'interprétation des biens du patrimoine mondial ;
  7. Prenant note du document de réflexion de l'ICOMOS sur les Évaluations de propositions d'inscription au patrimoine mondial concernant des sites associés aux mémoires de conflits récents, décide de convoquer une réunion d'experts consacrée aux sites associés aux mémoires de conflits récents afin de mener des réflexions philosophiques et pratiques quant à la nature de la commémoration, à la valeur des mémoires évolutives, à l'interdépendance des attributs matériels et immatériels relatifs à la mémoire et à la question de la consultation des parties prenantes; et d'élaborer des lignes directrices pour déterminer si ces sites peuvent s'inscrire dans l'objectif et la portée de la Convention du patrimoine mondial et de quelle manière, sous réserve de disposer d'un financement extrabudgétaire, et invite les États parties à verser des contributions financières dans ce but ;
  8. Invite également les États parties à soutenir les activités menées à bien par le Centre du patrimoine mondial pour la mise en œuvre de la Convention;
  9. Demande au Centre du patrimoine mondial de présenter, à sa 43e session, un rapport sur ses activités.
    Programmes thématiques :
  10. Accueille le rapport d'avancement sur la mise en œuvre des Initiatives et Programmes thématiques du patrimoine mondial, note leur contribution importante à la mise en œuvre d'une Stratégie globale pour une Liste du patrimoine mondial représentative, et remercie tous les États parties, donateurs et autres organisations de leur contribution à la réalisation des objectifs de ces Initiatives et Programmes thématiques ;
  11. Prend note des résultats obtenus par le Programme des villes du patrimoine mondial et appelle les États parties et les autres parties prenantes à fournir des ressources humaines et financières permettant de poursuivre ce Programme, compte tenu de son importance cruciale pour la conservation du patrimoine urbain inscrit sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial, pour l'application de la Recommandation sur le paysage urbain historique et sa contribution à la réalisation des Objectifs de développement durable pour 2030 concernant les villes, ainsi que pour sa contribution à la préparation du Nouvel agenda urbain, et remercie par ailleurs la Chine et la Croatie pour leur soutien à la mise en œuvre de ce Programme ;
  12. Prend également note des résultats obtenus par le Programme marin du patrimoine mondial, remercie la Flandre, la France et la Fondation Annenberg pour leur soutien, note l'accent mis par le Programme sur la constitution d'un réseau mondial de gestionnaires, sur les stratégies d'adaptation au changement climatique et sur la pêche durable, et invite les États parties, le Centre du patrimoine mondial et les autres parties prenantes à continuer de fournir des ressources humaines et financières pour la mise en œuvre de ce Programme ;
  13. Prend note par ailleurs des résultats obtenus avec la mise en œuvre du Programme sur le patrimoine mondial et le tourisme durable, en particulier de l'élaboration de l'outil d'évaluation du tourisme durable et de la gestion des visiteurs, et encourage les États parties à participer à l'expérimentation de cet outil, se félicite du financement accordé par la Commission européenne et remercie par ailleurs la République de Corée, la Norvège et la compagnie Seabourn pour leur soutien à la réalisation des activités du Programme ;
  14. Note en outre les progrès accomplis dans la mise en œuvre du Programme sur les petits États insulaires en développement, son importance pour une Liste du patrimoine mondial équilibrée, représentative et crédible, et le renforcement des capacités des gestionnaires de sites et des parties prenantes afin de mettre en œuvre la Convention du patrimoine mondial, remercie par ailleurs le Japon et les Pays-Bas pour leur soutien ainsi que le Centre international sur les technologies spatiales au service du patrimoine culturel et naturel (HIST) et l'Institut de formation et de recherche sur le patrimoine mondial pour la région Asie-Pacifique (WHITRAP), en tant que centres de catégorie 2, pour leur appui technique et financier, et demande également aux États parties et aux autres parties prenantes de continuer à fournir des ressources humaines, financières et techniques pour la mise en œuvre du Programme ;
  15. Prend note des activités mises en œuvre conjointement par l'Union astronomique internationale (IAU) et l'ICOMOS sous la supervision institutionnelle du Centre du patrimoine mondial conformément à sa Décision 40 COM 5D, demande en outre au Centre du patrimoine mondial de transmettre aux États parties le deuxième volume de l'étude thématique IAU/ICOMOS sur le patrimoine astronomique et renomme cette initiative « Initiative sur le patrimoine de l'astronomie, science et technologie » ;
  16. Prend note également du rapport d'avancement concernant l'Initiative sur le patrimoine d'intérêt religieux, approuve les recommandations des réunions de consultation thématique d'experts concentrées sur l'Europe méditerranéenne et du Sud-Est (UNESCO, 2016), la région Asie-Pacifique (Thaïlande, 2017) et l'Europe de l'Est (Arménie, 2018), remercie les États parties de leur généreuse contribution, et invite à nouveau les États parties et les autres parties prenantes à continuer de soutenir cette Initiative ainsi que les projets associés élaborés par le Centre du patrimoine mondial ;
  17. Prends note des activités mises en œuvre par CRATerre dans le cadre Programme du patrimoine mondial pour l’architecture en terre, sous la supervision générale institutionnelle du Centre du patrimoine mondial et ces lignes d’actions proposées pour l’avenir, sous réserve de financement ;
  18. Invite les États parties, les organisations internationales et les donateurs à apporter une contribution financière aux Initiatives et Programmes thématiques étant donné que la mise en œuvre des priorités thématiques ne pourra se poursuivre sans financement extrabudgétaire ;
  19. Demande par ailleurs au Centre du patrimoine mondial de présenter un rapport actualisé sur les résultats des Initiatives et Programmes thématiques, sous le point 5A (Rapport du Centre du patrimoine mondial sur ses activités), pour examen par le Comité du patrimoine mondial à sa 44e session en 2020.

En savoir plus sur la décision
Code : 41COM 7

Le Comité du patrimoine mondial,

  1. Ayant examiné les documents WHC/17/41.COM/7, WHC/17/41.COM/7A, WHC/17/41.COM/7A.Add, WHC/17/41.COM/7A.Add.2, WHC/17/41.COM/7B et WHC/17/41.COM/7B.Add et WHC/17/41.COM/7B.Add.2,
  2. Rappelant la décision 40 COM 7, adoptée à sa 40e session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016),
  3. Remercie l'État partie de Pologne, pays hôte de la 41e session du Comité du patrimoine mondial (Cracovie, 2017), d'avoir organisé le premier Forum des gestionnaires de sites du patrimoine mondial, en tant qu'exercice de renforcement des capacités visant à améliorer la compréhension des processus de prise de décision du patrimoine mondial par les gestionnaires de site, afin d'assurer une protection plus efficace de la valeur universelle exceptionnelle (VUE), prend note avec satisfaction de la déclaration du Forum des gestionnaires de sites du patrimoine mondial et encourage les futurs pays hôtes à poursuivre cette initiative et à organiser des Forums des gestionnaires de sites du patrimoine mondial conjointement aux sessions du Comité du patrimoine mondial ;

    Questions statutaires liées au suivi réactif
  4. Prend note de la pratique du Secrétariat en matière de traitement des campagnes de pétitions concernant les problèmes d’état de conservation ;
  5. Rappelant l’importance du paragraphe 172 des Orientations et sa mise en œuvre appropriée, rappelle par ailleurs la décision 40 COM 7 qui demande au Centre du patrimoine mondial, en coopération avec les Organisations consultatives, d’évaluer l’efficacité du suivi réactif, y compris les procédures et études de cas, et de soumettre un rapport préliminaire au Comité du patrimoine mondial à sa 42e session en 2018, si les fonds sont disponibles ;

    Situations d’urgence résultant de conflits
  6. Déplore la situation de conflit qui prévaut dans plusieurs pays, la perte de vies humaines, ainsi que la dégradation des conditions humanitaires, et exprime sa plus vive préoccupation devant les préjudices subis et les menaces qui pèsent sur le patrimoine culturel et naturel en général ;
  7. Prie instamment toutes les parties associées aux conflits de s’abstenir de toute action susceptible de causer de nouveaux dommages au patrimoine culturel et naturel, et de remplir leurs obligations en vertu du droit international en prenant toutes les mesures possibles afin de protéger ce patrimoine, en particulier la sauvegarde des biens du patrimoine mondial et les sites inscrits sur la Liste indicative ;
  8. Exhorte également les États parties à adopter des mesures contre l’utilisation des biens du patrimoine mondial à des fins militaires ;
  9. Prend note les progrès accomplis par le Centre du patrimoine mondial et les Organisations consultatives pour lancer une réflexion sur une stratégie de rétablissement post-conflit, et le soutien apporté jusqu’à présent à travers l’assistance technique, le renforcement des capacités et l’échange des meilleures pratiques à cet égard, et recommande de continuer à renforcer l’appui accordé aux biens du patrimoine mondial menacés ou endommagés ;
  10. Note avec inquiétude que la situation de conflit dans plusieurs pays du monde a considérablement accru la charge de travail du personnel du Centre du patrimoine mondial et qu’une mise en œuvre adéquate des plans d’action pour la sauvegarde d’urgence du patrimoine culturel au Mali, en Syrie, en Iraq, en Libye et au Yémen requiert des ressources humaines et financières supplémentaires au Centre du patrimoine mondial et dans les Bureaux de l’UNESCO hors Siège ; note également les sollicitations accrues des ressources des Organisations consultatives ;
  11. Appelle la communauté internationale à accorder un soutien financier à la mise en œuvre des plans d’action de l’UNESCO pour la sauvegarde d’urgence du patrimoine culturel en Syrie, en Iraq, en Libye et au Yémen, ainsi que des ressources humaines supplémentaires au Centre du patrimoine mondial et aux bureaux de l’UNESCO hors Siège ;
  12. Exprime également sa plus vive inquiétude quant aux impacts des conflits qui engendrent une escalade de la crise déjà grave du braconnage, du fait que les groupes armés financent leurs activités grâce au commerce illicite d’espèces sauvages, ce qui a de graves répercussions sur la faune africaine, et le développement incontrôlé, menaçant la survie même des espèces et la valeur universelle exceptionnelle (VUE) des biens naturels du patrimoine mondial ;
  13. Lance un appel à tous les États membres de l’UNESCO pour qu’ils coopèrent à la lutte contre le trafic illicite d’objets du patrimoine culturel (Convention UNESCO de 1970) et au commerce illégal d’espèces sauvages, y compris à travers la mise en œuvre de la Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore sauvages menacées d’extinction (CITES), et afin qu’ils poursuivent la mise en œuvre des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies relatives à la protection du patrimoine culturel dans les zones de conflit, en particulier les résolutions 2199 et 2347 ;

    Autres problèmes de conservation
    Reconstruction
  14. Notant le besoin constant de prendre en compte le problème de la reconstruction dans les biens du patrimoine mondial après des conflits ou des catastrophes, exprime sa satisfaction quant au fait que plusieurs réunions internationales ont eu lieu ou sont prévues sur le thème du relèvement en général, et sur celui de la reconstruction en particulier, et accueille favorablement l’offre du gouvernement de la Pologne d’organiser à Varsovie, en mars 2018, une conférence internationale sur la reconstruction afin de fournir des directives au Comité du patrimoine mondial  ;
  15. Encourage le Centre du patrimoine mondial et les Organisations consultatives à poursuivre, avec les parties prenantes concernées, la réflexion sur la reconstruction au sein des biens du patrimoine mondial en tant que démarche multidisciplinaire complexe, en vue d’élaborer de nouvelles voies d’orientation pour prendre en compte les difficultés multifacettes de la reconstruction, le contexte social et économique, les besoins des biens à court et long termes, et l’idée de reconstruction en tant que démarche qui doit être menée dans le cadre de la valeur universelle exceptionnelle (VUE) des biens ;
  16. Prie instamment les États parties d’intégrer des mesures d’atténuation des risques aux plans de gestion des biens du patrimoine mondial afin de répondre aux effets potentiels des conflits ou des catastrophes sur leur intégrité ;
  17. Encourage également l’intégration d’initiatives de renforcement des capacités dans le cadre des plans de relèvement ;
  18. Demande aux États parties engagés dans des projets de reconstruction de maintenir le dialogue, la concertation et une coopération étroite avec le Centre du patrimoine mondial et les Organisations consultatives ;

    Changement climatique
  19. Rappelle sa décision 40 COM 7 relative au changement climatique, et demande au Centre du patrimoine mondial et aux Organisations consultatives de poursuivre en priorité la mise en œuvre de la présente décision, dans le cadre des ressources disponibles ;
  20. Exprime sa plus vive préoccupation concernant les effets sévères du blanchissement des coraux qui a affecté les biens du patrimoine mondial en 2016-2017 et le fait que la plupart des récifs coralliens du patrimoine mondial est appelée à être sévèrement touchée par le changement climatique ;
  21. Notant que le Centre du patrimoine mondial, en consultation avec l'UICN, a lancé une évaluation scientifique avec des experts indépendants pour mieux comprendre les effets du changement climatique sur les biens du patrimoine mondial ayant des récifs coralliens, demande également au Centre du patrimoine mondial et à l'UICN, d’achever cette évaluation dans les meilleurs délais et de s'assurer que ses résultats sont communiqués efficacement et demande en outre au Centre du patrimoine mondial et aux Organisations consultatives de continuer à étudier les effets actuels et potentiels du changement climatique sur la valeur universelle exceptionnelle (VUE) des biens du patrimoine mondial ;
  22. Réaffirme qu’il est important que les États parties s’engagent dans la mise en œuvre la plus ambitieuse de l'Accord de Paris de la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques (CCNUCC) en « Contenant l’élévation de la température moyenne de la planète nettement en dessous de 2°C par rapport aux niveaux préindustriels et en poursuivant les efforts, visant à limiter visant à limiter l'augmentation de la température à 1,5°C au-dessus des niveaux préindustriels, étant entendu que cela réduirait sensiblement les risques et les effets des changements climatiques » et invite vivement tous les États parties à ratifier l'Accord de Paris dans les meilleurs délais et à prendre des mesures en réponse au changement climatique en vertu de l'Accord de Paris, de manière cohérente avec leurs responsabilités communes mais différenciées et avec leurs capacités respectives, à la lumière des circonstances nationales différentes, conformément à leurs obligations dans le cadre de la Convention du patrimoine mondial de protéger la VUE de tous les biens du patrimoine mondial ;
  23. Prend note avec satisfaction de la Stratégie actualisée de l'UNESCO pour faire face au changement climatique, approuvée par le Conseil exécutif de l'UNESCO lors de sa 201e session en avril 2017 (201 EX/Décision 5.IB), et invite tous les États parties à s'engager pleinement avec le Centre du patrimoine mondial et les Organisations consultatives, en vue de sa mise en œuvre effective ;
  24. Rappelle également la nécessité pour tous les États parties de poursuivre et, le cas échéant, d’intensifier tous leurs efforts pour améliorer la résilience des biens du patrimoine mondial face au changement climatique, en continuant notamment à réduire le plus possible toutes les autres pressions et menaces et en développant et mettant en œuvre des stratégies d'adaptation au changement climatique pour les biens qui risquent d’être exposés à celui-ci ;
  25. Demande par ailleurs au Centre du patrimoine mondial et aux Organisations consultatives de faire rapport sur les progrès réalisés en matière d'action sur le patrimoine mondial et le changement climatique et de présenter, sous réserve du temps et des ressources disponibles, une proposition d’actualisation du « Document d’orientation sur les effets du changement climatique sur les biens du patrimoine mondial », pour examen éventuel par le Comité du patrimoine mondial à sa 42e session en 2018, et note avec satisfaction la volonté de groupes de la société civile de participer à ce processus  ;

    Pression urbaine
  26. Notant que la pression urbaine croissante dans et autour de nombreux biens du patrimoine mondial est devenue une menace majeure pour leur VUE,
  27. Prenant note des résultats de la Conférence Habitat III et notamment de l'adoption du « Nouvel agenda urbain »,
  28. Prenant également note de la nécessité de poursuivre l'application de l'approche centrée sur le Paysage urbain historique pour une conservation et une gestion plus efficaces et durables du patrimoine urbain inscrit sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial, demande aux États parties de prendre pleinement en compte la Recommandation de l'UNESCO de 2011 sur le Paysage urbain historique (HUL);
  29. Appelle les États parties à tenir compte des recommandations du Rapport mondial sur la culture pour un développement urbain durable et à prendre les mesures nécessaires pour intégrer le rôle de la culture dans le développement urbain durable afin d'atteindre la Cible 4 de l’ODD 11 ;

    Vandalisme
  30. Note avec préoccupation le vandalisme croissant au sein des biens du patrimoine mondial et encourage les États parties à améliorer les mesures de surveillance et de sécurité ainsi que la sensibilisation quant aux effets préjudiciables du vandalisme, et à étudier la mise en place de dispositifs créatifs qui permettent aux visiteurs de s’exprimer sans laisser de traces ou de dégâts permanents ;

    Prévention des risques de catastrophes
  31. Accueille favorablement le plan d’action pour la mise en œuvre de la Stratégie de renforcement de l’action de l’UNESCO en matière de protection de la culture et de promotion du pluralisme culturel en cas de conflit armé (ci-après « la Stratégie »), adoptée par la Conférence générale de l’UNESCO en 2015 (38 C/Res.48), dont la mise en œuvre revêtirait une grande importance pour la protection du patrimoine mondial dans les situations de conflits armés et de catastrophes liées aux aléas naturels ou provoqués par l’homme ;
  32. Encourage les États parties à soutenir la mise en œuvre de la Stratégie et de son plan d’action, y compris par des contributions au Fonds d’urgence du patrimoine, ainsi que par des contributions en nature et la promotion, aux plus hauts niveaux internationaux, de la prise en compte du thème de la culture dans les opérations internationales importantes humanitaires, de développement, et de maintien de la paix ;

    Espèces envahissantes
  33. Rappelant sa décision 39 COM 7, adoptée à sa 39e session (Bonn, 2015),
  34. Notant avec inquiétude la menace persistante posée par les espèces exotiques envahissantes sur les biens du patrimoine mondial naturel, encourage vivement les États parties à élaborer des stratégies accompagnées de ressources adéquates sur les espèces exotiques envahissantes qui accentuent prévention et alerte précoce de même que réponse rapide dans les biens du patrimoine mondial ;

    Traffic illicite des espèces de faune et de flore
  35. Réitère sa plus vive inquiétude quant aux impacts continus du braconnage et de l’abattage illégal sur les biens du patrimoine mondial principalement motivés par le commerce illicite d’espèces sauvages et de leurs produits, et demande au Centre du patrimoine mondial et à l’UICN d’agir, dans la mesure où les ressources le permettent, pour renforcer la collaboration entre la Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore sauvages menacées d’extinction (CITES) et la Convention du patrimoine mondial ;
  36. Réitère son appel à tous les États membres de l’UNESCO pour qu’ils coopèrent dans la lutte contre le commerce illicite d’espèces sauvages et de leurs produits, notamment à travers la mise en œuvre de la CITES et la pleine participation des pays de transit et de destination ;

    Approches intégrées pour la conservation du patrimoine naturel et culturel
  37. Rappelant que la Convention du patrimoine mondial lie de manière explicite les concepts de patrimoine culturel et naturel, souligne l’importance de promouvoir des approches intégrées qui renforcent la gouvernance d’ensemble, améliorent les résultats en matière de conservation et contribuent au développement durable ;
  38. Note avec satisfaction l’intérêt et les efforts croissants des États parties et des spécialistes du patrimoine pour élaborer et appliquer des approches intégrées de la conservation du patrimoine culturel et naturel, et encourage les États parties, le Centre du patrimoine mondial et les Organisations consultatives, en coopération avec les universités et autres acteurs concernés, à poursuivre et développer ces efforts, conformément à la Politique pour l’intégration d’une perspective de développement durable dans les processus de la Convention du patrimoine mondial (2015) ;

    Liste du patrimoine mondial en péril
  39. Réitère sa demande au Centre du patrimoine mondial, en concertation avec les Organisations consultatives et les États parties, de mieux faire comprendre les implications et avantages liés à l’inscription d’un bien sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial en péril grâce à une documentation appropriée, et ce, afin de surmonter la perception négative de la Liste du patrimoine mondial en péril. Cette documentation devrait mettre en relief l’importance de la protection de la valeur universelle exceptionnelle ;

    Autres questions
  40. Prend note avec satisfaction de l’initiative du Président de la 41e session du Comité du patrimoine mondial visant à favoriser un dialogue structuré avec la société civile et encourage les États parties et les organisations de la société civile à continuer d’étudier les pistes par lesquelles la société civile pourrait contribuer plus avant à améliorer la conservation du patrimoine aux niveaux national et des sites et à alimenter les débats sur le patrimoine au niveau global ;  
  41. Note, conformément à la résolution 20 GA 13 de l’Assemblée générale de la Convention du patrimoine mondial et la décision 39 COM 11 (Bonn, 2015) du Comité du patrimoine mondial, la mise en place du Forum international des peuples autochtones sur le patrimoine mondial en tant qu’instance de réflexion importante sur l’implication des peuples autochtones dans l’identification, la conservation et la gestion des biens du patrimoine mondial, particulièrement en matière de proposition d’inscription.

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