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Arab States

The Arab States region consists of 19 States Parties that have ratified the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, with a total of 88 properties currently inscribed on the World Heritage List.

The Arab States region is rich in its cultural and natural heritage, reflecting a diversity of values and features, and spanning various periods from prehistory to the modern era.


Cultural Properties


Mixed Properties


Natural Properties


In Danger



Periodic Reporting
Cycle 3

© Shutterstock / EM Campos / Baalbek, Lebanon

The Third Cycle of Periodic Reporting in the Arab States was launched in 2018 following Decision 41 COM 10A (Krakow, 2017), in accordance with Article 29 of the 1972 Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The reporting exercise was implemented between September 2018 and July 2019, with the participation of States Parties in the region and the World Heritage properties inscribed on the World Heritage List by the time of launching the exercise in 2018.

All of the 19 States Parties and 82 World Heritage properties (74 cultural properties, 5 natural properties and 3 mixed properties) participated in the exercise, by responding to the online questionnaire. In collaboration with the Arab Regional Centre for World Heritage (ARC-WH), several workshops were organized to facilitate the process, and subsequently, a draft Report and draft Action Plan were prepared in consultation with the World Heritage national focal points and site managers of the region, Advisory Bodies to the World Heritage Committee, and World Heritage experts. The draft Action Plan is based on the analysis of outcomes the Periodic Report, focusing on priority needs and areas that have been highlighted by States Parties. It is an overall framework proposed for States Parties, along with the World Heritage site managers and other stakeholders, to appropriate the Action Plan and decide on the actions that would be relevant for implementation by the respective authorities.

The Report on the results of the Third Cycle of the Periodic Reporting exercise in the Arab States (Document WHC/21/44.COM/10A) was presented for adoption at the extended 44th extended session of the World Heritage Committee. The Report and the Third Cycle Regional Action Plan were endorsed by the Committee in Decision 44 COM 10A (Fuzhou, 2021).

© UNESCO / First workshop for World Heritage site managers (Anglophone countries), 26-27 March 2019, Cairo, Egypt

Cycle 2

Main results
Arab States Region
English Français

Report on the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting in the Arab States

Action Plan for the Arab States Region
English Français

Action plans developed during the Regional meeting in Rabat (7-9 March 2011) by the Gulf, Maghreb and Middle East sub-regions successively.

Read more

More about the Periodic Reporting →

Impact of Covid-19

On World Heritage Sites in the Arab States

© Shutterstock / mehdi33300 / Medina of Fez, Morocco

According to a UNESCO report published in May 2021, the impact of COVID-19 on World Heritage will continue for years. COVID-19 has impacted all sectors and all regions, and World Heritage properties in the Arab States are no exception. Restrictions on movement of people and access to certain areas, including World Heritage sites, have been imposed. The World Heritage Centre monitors World Heritage site closures due to COVID-19 and updates the global map on the closure of World Heritage sites weekly.

Site Managers
of World Heritage sites in the Arab States
tell us how they are coping with the crisis.

We would like to thank all our partners in the field for their collaboration. See more Site Manager videos from other regions: Site Managers report on Covid-19.

Read more:

Arab States Partners and Field Offices

© Think Heritage / Melanie Münzner / Dilmun Burial Mounds, Bahrain

Several conservation, protection and capacity building activities in the region are carried out through cooperation between the States Parties, the World Heritage Centre, the Advisory Bodies, UNESCO Offices in the field, and the Arab Regional Center for World Heritage (ARC-WH) in Bahrain. The network of UNESCO partners plays an essential role in the implementation of specific activities at the local and regional levels.

Field Offices
in the
Arab States Region

National Office to Jordan
National Office to Iraq
Regional Bureau for Education in the Arab States - Cluster Office for Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and the Palestinian Territories
Regional Bureau for Sciences in the Arab States - Cluster Office for Egypt and Sudan
Cluster Office for Gulf States and Yemen
National Office to Sudan

Cluster Office for Maghreb Region (Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia)
National Office to Palestine

Read more about UNESCO Field Offices

Actualités (34)
En complément (1)
Décisions (6)
Show 43COM 10A.3 Rapport d’avancement sur le suivi du second cycle des Rapports périodiques (États arabes)
Show 40COM 10B.3 Suivi du Second cycle de l’exercice des Rapports périodiques dans région Etats arabes
Show 39COM 10B.3 Rapport d’avancement sur le second cycle de l'exercice des rapports périodiques dans les autres régions et réflexion générale sur les rapports périodiques
Show 38COM 8E Adoption des Déclarations Rétrospectives de Valeur Universelle Exceptionnelle
Show 38COM 10B.3 Rapport d’avancement sur les Rapports périodiques dans la région États arabes
Show 37COM 10C.3 Rapport d’avancement sur les Rapports périodiques dans la région États arabes