Amérique latine et Caraïbes
Latin America and the Caribbean Region possesses a rich cultural and natural heritage. With 32 countries that have ratified the Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage and more than 128 properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, the statistics of the Region illustrate the current existence of 90 cultural, 35 natural and 3 mixed properties on the World Heritage List for their “Outstanding Universal Value”.
From archeological pre-Hispanic sites, exceptionally well preserved historical centres, breathtaking natural sites with exquisite, bio diverse landscapes, the Region’s World Heritage serves as a basis for further strengthening sustainable development and the role of local communities which is vital for heritage protection and management. A well Protected World Heritage site contributes directly to environmental, social and economic development and helps better the life of the local community. This process constitutes a great challenge for the years to come, both for the State Parties to the Convention and for UNESCO.
Regional Ongoing Activities
- Regional activites in cooperation with regional offices
- Category II Centers
- Caribbean CCBP (Capacity Building Strategy)
Preparatory Works towards the Action Plan
- Slave Route
- International Conservation Plan for Mayan Sites
- Extreme Poverty and World Heritage in LAC
- Cultural Landscapes
- Mixed Sites
- Heads in LAC
- Marine Sites
Periodic Reporting in Latin America and the Caribbean (Second Cycle)
The process of preparing for the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting was implemented with the intention of strengthening the capacities of States Parties to LAC. Close cooperation was reached, with the purpose of reaching the objectives of the Retrospective Inventory exercise and contributing to the official presentation of the Retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) for all sites inscribed in the Region (Decision 31COM11D.1, Para 7 - Christchurch, 2007) prior to the official launch of the exercise which will take place during the 35th Session of the World Heritage Committee (Manama, 2011).
The preliminary process was implemented in cooperation with some Regional Offices (Lima, Quito22 , Montevideo, Guatemala, Costa Rica and Havana), and some of the Category 2 Centres approved by the General Conference in October 2009 (35 C/20).
In compliance with Decision 31COM11D.1, Para 7 - Christchurch, 2007, where the relevance of Outstanding Universal Value Statements is recognized for all World Heritage processes, States Parties were asked for the preparation of all Statements which had not been approved by the Committee in their respective territories prior to the launch of the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting in their Region, in cooperation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies.
With the purpose of achieving the objectives of the World Heritage Committee, and bearing in mind that the official launch of the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting is in 2011, the LAC Unit of the World Heritage Centre (WHC) established the following timeline for 2009-2013:
The following sub-regional meetings held in 2010 and scheduled for 2011, included the participation of Focal Points of natural and cultural properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, site managers, Regional and national authorities, senior officials responsible for protecting and managing cultural and natural heritage sites in the sub-region, Advisory Bodies (ICOMOS, IUCN and ICCROM), in addition to the staff of the two Category 2 Centres and Regional Offices of UNESCO.
The objectives of these meetings were:
- Develop the preparation of the Second Cycle of the Periodic Reporting Exercise;
- Discuss the programmes and activities to be implemented in the Region until 2013;
- Train managers and Focal Points to complete the Periodic Reporting Exercise questionnaire (Sections I and II);
- Discuss the drafting of the Retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value;
- Inform participants of the Retrospective Inventory process;
- Establish thematic working groups;
- Create effective means of communication and exchange experiences and practices among experts;
- Promote and develop training programmes.
The results of the discussions of the working groups were the starting point for developing the Action Plan for Latin America and the Caribbean. In order to enrich the discussions and continue contacts among participants, we organized online discussion groups, which served as a basis for planning, making proposals and developing collective actions like:
- Organization of a regional meeting (Argentina) for cultural and natural National Focal Points from the entire Region.
- Organization of three sub-regional meetings in 2010 and 2011 in three countries in the Region (Mexico , Brazil and Barbados). The National Focal Points will convene at each meeting together with the respective site managers, in charge of the properties inscribed on the List in each sub-region. The sub-regional meetings also aim to strengthen cooperation among States Parties, in order to create a solid platform for the exchange of technical and institutional development over the next three years.
- Buenos Aires (Argentina) 26-28 November 2009.
- Mexico and Central America meeting held in Zacatecas (Mexico) on 6-10 September 2010
- South America . Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), on 7 to 10 December 2010, at the Gustavo Capanema Palace - Portinari Hall and Hotel Francisco.
- Caribbean . Bridgetown (Barbados) on 6-8 April, 2011.
- Organization of three sub-regional meetings in 2010 and 2012 in three countries in the Region (Peru, Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic). The National Focal Points will convene at each meeting together with the respective site managers, in charge of the properties inscribed on the List of each sub-region. The sub-regional meetings also aim to strengthen cooperation among States Parties, in order to create a solid platform for the exchange of technical and institutional development over the coming years.
- Organization of two meetings at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris for National Focal Points (both cultural and natural) for the preparation of the Action Plan for the Region.
- Information meetings held with the Permanent Delegations of the countries participating in the meetings to continue the coordination process.
In parallel with regional and sub-regional meetings, the WHC will support the discussions of organized thematic groups : Maya sites, Sustainability Indicators for Historical Areas, Cultural Routes and Religious Missions. Other topics for discussion are the following: mixed properties, legal advice and the Tentative List.
- 26 countries of the Latin America and Caribbean Region; National Institutions managing cultural and natural heritage, managers of properties inscribed on the World Heritage List (124 properties);
- Focal Points, Regional Office staff, Category 2 Centre staff, regional experts, representatives of ICOMOS, IUCN and ICCROM.
1. Jamaica still does not have properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, however, the nomination file for the mixed site, Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park, will be reviewed by the 35th session of the World Heritage Committee (Bahrain, 2011).
2. Regional offices in Quito and Lima have included in 35/C5 a budget line to assist in organizing the meeting.
Periodic Reporting on the Application of the World Heritage Convention in Latin America and the Caribbean (First Cycle)
The Committee expressed its wished to examine the States Parties periodic reports region by region. The World Heritage Committee decided to examine the Report on the State of the World Heritage in Latin America and the Caribbean at its session in 2004.
The UNESCO World Heritage Centre, through the Adviser for World Heritage in Latin America and the Caribbean based at the UNESCO Office in Montevideo, will coordinate the periodic reporting process, will provide assistance to States Parties and will ensure the preparation of the regional synthesis report.
The work plan for the periodic reporting in the region that was approved by the World Heritage Committee is organised along three sub-regions as indicated on the map: South America, the Caribbean and Central America/Mexico.
This web site is designed to provide:
- Basic documentation on the World Heritage Convention and the Periodic Reporting process.
- Relevant information that is available at the UNESCO World Heritage Centre about the application of the Convention by and in the States Parties and on the state of conservation of specific World Heritage properties.
You can either access information through the left-hand navigation or by clicking on the map on the right. A complementary regional web-site at the UNESCO Office in Montevideo provides:
- Information and documentation on the implementation of the periodic reporting work plan for Latin America and the Caribbean;
- A mechanism for consultations and exchange of information between World Heritage partners involved in the regional periodic reporting process.
Regional strategy and work plan (2000 - 2004)
The Periodic Reports from the region of Latin America and the Caribbean will be examined at the session of the World Heritage Committee in the year 2004.
In order to ensure a truly regional and participatory process, the periodic reporting will be coordinated by the Adviser for World Heritage in Latin America and the Caribbean, who is based at the UNESCO Office in Montevideo, in close cooperation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies.
To initiate the regional periodic reporting process, staff of the World Heritage Centre attended a meeting of the Permanent Delegates of Latin America and the Caribbean in June 2000 to discuss the approach that should be taken in setting up a work plan for the periodic reporting in the region.
The work plan submitted to the World Heritage Committee at its session in December 2000 has been updated as follows:
Preparation of the periodic reporting exercise
The World Heritage Centre has prepared documents on the State of the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention for each of the three sub-regions mentioned above as well as a data base with relevant information on the inscription history and the examination of the state of conservation of World Heritage properties.
The Centre is now setting up an information system through the Internet that will supply States Parties with the baseline information on the application of the Convention in the region, the World Heritage sites and the advances of the reporting exercise as well as facilitate communication within the sub-regions. Baseline information will also be made available in paper copy and/or CD-ROM.
States Parties and the Advisory Bodies have been requested to identify focal-points for periodic reporting activities from natural and cultural heritage fields. These focal points are expected to participate in the whole periodic reporting exercise.
The questionnaires that the World Heritage Centre has developed to assist the States Parties in the preparation of the periodic reports will be translated into Spanish.
Sub-regional information meetings
(first half of 2002)
Two sub-regional information meetings (South America, Montevideo, Uruguay, March 2002, and Central America/Mexico, Mexico, May 2002) will be held with the participation of the States Parties focal points, the Advisory Bodies and experts from the region.
The Caribbean States Parties have been informed of the periodic reporting through the Regional Training Course on the Application of the World Heritage Convention (September-October 2001). Considering the limited number of World Heritage sites in this area, with the exception of Cuba, emphasis will be placed on the general provisions of the Convention and the capacity to preserve and manage cultural and natural heritage sites (Section I of the Periodic Reports). To this end, an analysis of the legal and institutional framework will be undertaken. Further information and advice will be provided in writing and through missions under Phase 3.
Preparation of national reports
(second half of 2002 – first quarter of 2003)
Following the sub-regional information meetings, States Parties will prepare their national reports. The States Parties focal points are expected to monitor this process and to maintain contact with UNESCO on the progress and the needs for advice or assistance. Assistance will be provided upon request of the State Party concerned.
Sub-regional review meetings
(second half of 2003)
Three sub-regional meetings will be held in the second half of 2003 to review the national reports from the sub-region and to draw preliminary conclusions and recommendations as an input to the regional review meeting.
Regional review meeting and preparation of Regional State of the World Heritage Report
A regional review meeting will be held at which the conclusions and recommendations will be formulated for presentation to the World Heritage Committee at its session in June 2004.