English Français
Help preserve sites now!

L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre

The city of L''viv, founded in the late Middle Ages, was a flourishing administrative, religious and commercial centre for several centuries. The medieval urban topography has been preserved virtually intact (in particular, there is evidence of the different ethnic communities who lived there), along with many fine Baroque and later buildings.

Lviv – ensemble du centre historique

La ville de Lviv, fondée à la fin du Moyen Âge, s''est épanouie en tant que centre administratif, religieux et commercial pendant plusieurs siècles. Elle a conservé virtuellement intacte sa topographie urbaine médiévale, et en particulier la trace des communautés ethniques distinctes qui y vivaient, ainsi que de magnifiques bâtiments baroques et plus tardifs.

لفيف - مجمع الوسط التاريخي

ازدهرت مدينة لفيف التي تأسست في نهاية القرون الوسطى كمركز اداري وديني وتجاري على مدى عصور عدة. وقد حافظت على طوبوغرافيتها المدنية العائدة الى القرون الوسطى ولا سيما على آثار المجتمعات الإثنية المختلفة التي كانت تسكنها، كما أبقت على أبنية رائعة من الحقبة الباروكية وما بعدها.

source: UNESCO/ERI

里沃夫历史中心

里沃夫建于中世纪后期,作为政治、宗教和商业中心繁荣了好几个世纪。中世纪的城市地形被完好无缺地保存下来,特别是反映不同的民族在此居住的证据。这里还有许多精巧的巴洛克风格建筑及其后的建筑。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ансамбль исторического центра Львова

Львов, основанный в позднем средневековье, на протяжении нескольких веков являлся процветающим административным, религиозным и торговым центром. Средневековая планировка города сохранилась до наших дней практически без изменений (в частности, сохранились свидетельства о живших здесь различных этнических общинах). Также уцелело множество прекрасных барочных и более поздних зданий.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Lvov – Conjunto del centro histórico

Fundada a finales de la Edad Media, la ciudad de Lvov llegó a ser un importante centro administrativo, religioso y comercial, cuya influencia iba a perdurar en los siglos posteriores. La ciudad ha preservado prácticamente intacta su topografía urbana medieval y, en particular, la huella de las diferentes comunidades que la han habitado. También ha conservado magníficos edificios del periodo barroco y de épocas posteriores.

source: UNESCO/ERI

リヴィフ歴史地区

source: NFUAJ

Historisch centrumgedeelte van L’viv

De stad L’viv werd opgericht in de late middeleeuwen en was gedurende enkele eeuwen een bloeiend administratief, religieus en commercieel centrum. De middeleeuwse stedelijke topografie is vrijwel helemaal intact gebleven, samen met mooie gebouwen uit de Barok en latere periodes. Er is ook bewijs van de etnische gemeenschappen die er woonden. De politieke en commerciële rol van L'viv trok Oekraïense, Armeense, Joodse , Duitse, Poolse, Italiaanse en Hongaarse groepen. Vanwege hun verschillende culturele en religieuze tradities vestigden ze zich afzonderlijk van elkaar, maar waren onderling afhankelijk. Het resultaat is een modern stadsbeeld met architectonische en artistieke meesterwerken waarin Oost-Europese tradities samensmelten met Duitse en Italiaanse.

Source: unesco.nl

  • English
  • French
  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • Russian
  • Spanish
  • Japanese
  • Dutch
L'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre © Silvan Rehfeld
Justification for Inscription

Criterion (ii): In its urban fabric and its architecture, L’viv is an outstanding example of the fusion of the architectural and artistic traditions of eastern Europe with those of Italy and Germany.

Criterion (v): The political and commercial role of L’viv attracted to it a number of ethnic groups with different cultural and religious traditions, who established separate yet interdependent communities within the city, evidence for which is still discernible in the modern townscape.

Long Description

The political and commercial role of L'viv attracted to it a number of ethnic groups with different cultural and religious traditions, who established separate yet interdependent communities within the city, still to be seen in the modern townscape. In its urban fabric and its architecture, L'viv is an outstanding example of the fusion of the architectural and artistic traditions of Eastern Europe with those of Italy and Germany.

The settlement on the banks of the Poltava River below Zamovka hill began in the mid-5th century AD, at the crossing point of important trade routes linking the Baltic, central Europe, the Mediterranean, and Asia. It gradually developed by the 13th century into an organized and well fortified town known as L'viv. It was the main town of the lands of the Eastern Slavs on the Bug, Sian, and Dnister, when it became a vassal state of the Kingdom of Kiev. King Roman Mstyoslavovych united Halychyna and Volyn' in a single state.

L'viv had become the capital of the joint kingdom in 1272 and remained so until that disappeared in 1340, when it was annexed to Poland by Casimir III the Great. It was made the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishopric in 1412. The Ukrainian, Armenian, and Jewish communities were self-governing, unlike the Catholic (German, Polish, Italian and Hungarian) groups. There was intense rivalry between them, which resulted in the creation of many architectural and artistic masterpieces.

It was badly hit by the Ottoman siege in 1672 and sacked by Charles XII of Sweden in 1704. With the First Partition of Poland in 1772, L'viv became the capital of the new Austrian province. Under Austrian rule, the fortifications were dismantled and many religious foundations were closed down, their buildings being used for secular purposes; there was also considerable reconstruction of medieval buildings. The revolutionary year of 1848 saw serious damage in the centre of the city as a result of military action. In 1918 L'viv became part of the new Republic of Poland, but it returned to Ukraine after the Second World War.

The heart of the city is the High Castle and the area around it, which developed in the later Middle Ages. Only the castle mound still survives, with five churches. The Seredmistia (Middle Town) preserves intact its original layout, an exceptional example of town planning in Eastern Europe at that time. Among the notable features are:

The Rynok Square with a tower at its centre and around it fine houses in Renaissance, Baroque, and Empire style, many of them retaining their original medieval layout. There is a fountain with figures from classical mythology at each corner of the square, dating from 1793;

The Uspenska (Assumption Church) complex, exceptional in that it combines Renaissance building in stone with the local tradition of tripartite wooden places of worship, consisting of narthex, nave, and chancel;

The Armenian Church complex - the church itself (1363), the bell tower (1571), the column of St Christopher (1726), Armenian Benedictine convent, and Armenian archbishops' palace (17th-18th centuries);

The Latin Metropolitan Cathedral in Gothic style, with some Baroque features;

The fortified complex of the Bernardine Monastery, which combines Italian and German Renaissance elements with Mannerist details;

The Jesuit Church (1610-30) and its college, and the Dominican Church, one of the most grandiose Baroque buildings in L'viv, with monastery complex and bell tower;

Parts of the 14th-century defensive walls, with the City and Royal Arsenals and Gunpowder Tower.

The Ensemble of the Church of St Yuri the Dragon Fighter lies outside the medieval city on a hillside terrace. The existing church was built from stone and brick, combining Italian Baroque with the traditional Ukrainian spatial layout. It is richly decorated with monumental sculpture and carvings.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

The settlement on the banks of the Poltava river below Zamovka hill began in the mid 5th century AD, at the crossing point of important trade routes linking the Baltic, central Europe, the Mediterranean, and Asia. It gradually developed by the 13th century into an organized and well fortified town known as L'viv. It was the main town of the lands of the Eastern Slavs on the Bug, Sian, and Dnister rivers (Halychyna/Galicia), which entered history as a political entity in the 10th century, when it became a vassal state of the kingdom of Kiev (Kyiv). Kniaz (King) Roman Mstyoslavovych, who inherited the lands in 1199, united the territories of Halychyna and Volyn' in a single state, which continued after the collapse of the Kievan kingdom. L'viv was rebuilt and extended by Kniaz Lev Danylovych (1264-1301).

L'viv had become the capital of the joint kingdom in 1272 and remained so until that, too, disappeared in 1340, when it was annexed to Poland by Casimir III the Great. However, the town maintained its paramountcy in western Ukraine, and its strategic and commercial importance brought it many privileges that ensured a monopoly over trade with the east. It was made the seat of a Catholic archbishopric in 1412.

The city attracted a multi-ethnic population, and the different groups lived in separate communities. The Ukrainian, Armenian, and Jewish communities were self-governing, unlike the Catholic (German, Polish, Italian, and Hungarian) groups. There was intense rivalry between them, which resulted in the creation of many architectural and artistic masterpieces.

The prosperity of L'viv was not materially harmed by frequent epidemics, fire, or wars. However, it was badly hit by the Ottoman siege in 1672 and had not recovered when it was captured and sacked by Charles XII of Sweden in 1704. Notwithstanding, some important religious buildings, especially monasteries, were built during the 18th century. With the First Partition of Poland in 1772 L'viv became the capital of the new Austrian province.

Under Austrian rule (which continued until 1918), the fortifications were dismantled and many religious foundations were closed down, their buildings being used for secular purposes; there was also considerable reconstruction of medieval buildings. The revolutionary year of 1848 saw serious damage in the centre of the city as a result of military action. In 1918 L'viv became part of the new Republic of Poland, but it returned to Ukraine after World War II.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation