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World Heritage Sites and Biosphere Reserves

Sites on the World Heritage List are cultural, natural or mixed properties recognized by the World Heritage Committee has being of outstanding universal value. Biosphere Reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems which are internationally recognized within the framework of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme.
State PartyWorld Heritage SiteBiosphere ReserveComments
Algeria Tassili n'Ajjer (1982) Tassili n'Ajjer (1986)

The WH site makes up most of the core area.

Australia Tasmanian Wilderness (1982 & 1989) Southwest (1977)

The BR is only one of the 3 national parks forming the WH area.

  Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park (1987 & 1994) Uluru (Ayer's Rock Mount Olga) (1977)  
  Macquarie Island (1997) Macquarie Island (1977)

 

 

Austria / Hungary Cultural Landscape of Fertö/Neusiedlersee (2001) Lake Fertö (Hungary)(1979)
Neusiedler See (Austria) (1977)
The World Heritage site is a transboundary site with Hungary; there are two Biosphere reserves.
Belarus/Poland Belovezhskaya Pushcha

 

Bialowieza Forest (1979 & 1982) (with Poland)
Belovezhskaya Pushcha (1993)

Joint Belarus/Poland inscription on the World Heritage List.

Brazil Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves (1999)
Atlantic Forest Southeast Reserves (1999)
Mata Atlântica (including Sao Paulo City Green Belt) (1993)

 

  Pantanal Conservation Complex (2000) Pantanal (2000)

 

  Sierra da Capivara National Park (1991) Caatinga (2001)

 

  Jaú National Park (2000) Central Amazon (2001)

 

  Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks (2001) Cerrado (1993; extension 2000 and 2001)

 

Bulgaria Pirin National Park (1983) Doupki-Djindjiritza (1977)

The BR consists of two small core areas lying within the National Park which is the WH site.

  Srebarna Nature Reserve (1983) Srébarna (1977)

 

Cameroon Dja Faunal Reserve (1987) Dja (1981)  
Canada Waterton Glacier International Peace Park (1995) (with USA) Waterton Lakes (1979)

Joint Canada-US inscription on WH List. Glacier is designated as a separate BR.

China Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992) Jiuzhaigou Valley (1997)  
  Mount Wuyi (1999) Wuyishan (1987)  
  Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area (1992) Huanglong (2000)  
Costa Rica / Panama Talamanca Range- La Amistad Reserves- La Amistad National Park (1983 &1990) (with Panama) La Amistad (1982)

Both the Costa Rican and Panamanian parts of La Amistad International Peace Park are jointly inscribed on the WH List. The Costa Rican WH site forms most of the core area of the BR. The Panamanian authorities have nominated the Reserva de Biosfera "La Amistad-Panama " (which includes the WH site) as a BR in 1999, with a view to establish a transfrontier BR.

Côte d'Ivoire Taï National Park (1982) Taï (1977)  
  Comoé National Park (1983) Comoé (1983)  
Ecuador Galapagos Islands (1978) Archipielágo de Colon (Galápagos) (1984)

The extension to the WH site to cover the surrounding marine area was submitted in 1994, but has been deferred awaiting a management plan.

Guatemala Tikal National Park (1979) Maya (1990)

Tikal National Park is one of the core areas of the larger Maya BR.

Guinea Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (1981) Mont Nimba (1980)

The WH site is jointly inscribed with the Mont Nimba site in Côte d. Ivoire - both are Strict Nature Reserves. The Mont Nimba BR in Guinea includes the WH site as a core area and covers a larger area, including the Forest of Dosso.

Honduras Rio Plátano Biosphere Reserve (1982) Rio Plátano (1980)  
Hungary / Austria Cultural Landscape of Fertö/Neusiedlersee (2001) Lake Fertö (Hungary)(1979)
Neusiedler See (Austria) (1977)

 

The World Heritage site is a transboundary site with Hungary; there are two Biosphere reserves.

Hungary / Slovakia Caves of the Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst (1995) (with Slovakia) Aggtelek (1979) Aggtelek (Hungary) and Slovensky Karst (Slovakia) are designated separately as BRs.
Hungary Hortobàgy National Park (1999) Hortobàgy (1979)  
India Sunderbans National Park (1987) Sunderban (2001)  
Indonesia Komodo National Park (1991) Komodo (1977)  
Italy Archaelogical areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (1997) Somma-Vesuvio and Miglio d. Oro (1997)

The BR covers a larger area including the volcano Vesuvius, which erupted in 2079 B.P. covering the town of Pompei and the surrounding area.

  Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archaelogical sites of Paestum and Velia and the Certosa di Padula (1998) Cilento and Vallo di Diano (1997) The WH site is a cultural landscape.
Japan Yakushima (1993) Yakushima (1980)  
Kenya Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest (1997) Mount Kenya (1978)  
Mexico Sian Ka'an (1987) Sian Ka'an (1986)  
  Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino (1993)

Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco (1993)

El Vizcaino (1993)

There are two WH sites (one natural, one cultural) located within the BR.

Morocco Ksar of Aït-Ben-Haddou (1987) Oasis du sud marocain (2000)

The core area of the BR corresponds to the WH site.

Niger «W» National Park of Niger (1996) Région "W" du Niger (1996)

The core area of the BR corresponds to the WH site.

Niger Aïr and Ténéré Natural Reserves (1991) Aïr et Ténéré (1997)

The core area and the buffer zone of the BR form the WH site.

Panama Darien National Park (1981) Darién (1983)  
Panama / Costa Rica Talamanca Range- La Amistad Reserves- La Amistad National Park (1983 &1990) (with Costa Rica) La Amistad (2000)

Both the Costa Rican and Panamanian parts of La Amistad International Peace Park are jointly inscribed on the WH List. La Amistad - Costa Rica is a separate BR.

Peru Huascaran National Park (1985) Huascarán (1977)  
  Manu National Park (1987) Manu (1977)  
Philippines Tubbataha Reef Marine Park (1993) and
Puerto-Princesa Subterranean River National Park (1999)
Palawan (1990)

The Tubbabaha Reef is one of the reefs around the Island of Palawan BR.

Poland Belovezhskaya Pushcha Bialowieza Forest (1979 &1992) (with Belarus) Bialowieza (1976)

Joint Poland/Belarus inscription on World Heritage List.

Romania/

 

Ukraine:

Danube Delta (1991) (Romania only) Danube Delta (1979 and extension 1992 of Romanian part; addition of Ukrainian part (Dunainsky) to make an tranfrontier BR in 1998

The World Heritage site covers most of the core of the Romanian part.

Russian Federation Lake Baikal (1996) Baikalskyi (1986)
Barguzinskyi (1986)

The original BR on the shores of Lake Baikal was split into two in 2000.

  Volcanoes of Kamchatka (1996, 2001) Kronotskiy (1984)

The BR is a zapovednik within the WH site.

  Western Caucasus (1999) Kavkazskiy (1978)

 

  Central Sikhote-Alin (2001) Sikote-Alin (1978)

 

Senegal Niokolo-Koba National Park (1981) Niokolo-Koba (1981)  
Serbia and Montenegro Durmitor National Park (1980) Tara River Basin (1976)

The Tara River Basin BR includes the Durmitor National Park WH site.

  Studenica Monastery (1988) Golija-Studenica (2001)

 

Slovak Republic Caves of the Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst (1995) (with Hungary) Slovenský Kras (1977)

Slovensky Karst is a separate BR and includes the site which is a WH site in Slovakia.

Spain Doñana National Park (1994) Doñana (1980)

The BR includes the Biological Reserve adjacent to the National Park, which is the World Heritage site.

Spain / France Pyrénées-Mount Perdu (1997) (with France) Ordesa-Viñamala (1977)

The core area of the BR consists of the Ordesa y Monte Perdito National Park which is the Spanish part of the WH site.

Sri Lanka Sinharaja Forest Reserve (1988) Sinharaja (1978)  
Tunisia Ichkeul National Park (1980) Ichkeul (1977)

 

United Kingdom St. Kilda (1986) St Kilda (1976)  
United Rep. of Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area (1979)

Serengeti National Park (1981)

Serengeti-Ngorongoro (1981)

Ngorongoro and Serengeti together constitute one BR as they form the same ecosystem complex. They are inscribed separately on the WH List.

United States of America Redwood National Park (1980) California Coast Ranges (1983)

California Coast Ranges BR is made up of several units, one of which is the Redwood National Park which is a WH site.

  Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park (1995) (with Canada) Glacier (1976)

Glacier is designated separately as a BR.

  Yellowstone (1978) Yellowstone (1976)  
  Everglades National Park (1979) Everglades & Dry Tortugas (1976)  
  Olympic National Park (1981) Olympic (1976)  
  Great Smoky Mountains National Park (1983) Southern Appalachian (1989)

The Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve is made up of several units, one of which is the Great Smoky National Park which is a WH site.

  Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (1987) Hawaiian Islands (1980)

The Hawaii Islands Biosphere Reserve is a cluster made up of the Haleakala National Park and the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. This latter site is also a WH site.

  Tatshenshini-Alsek / Kluane National Park / Wrangell-St Elias National Park and Reserve and Glacier Bay National Park (1979, 1992 & 1994) (with Canada) Glacier-Bay Admiralty Island Biosphere Reserve (1986)

Glacier Bay (USA) is part of the larger WH site.

  Mammoth Cave National Park (1981) Mammoth Cave Area (1990 & 1996)

The Mammoth Cave Area BR covers a wider area than the WH site.


The following World Heritage / Biosphere Reserves are located adjancent to one another:

  • France: The Fango Valley Biosphere Reserve lies adjacent to the Cape Girolata, Cape Porto, Scandola Nature Reserve and Piana Calanches in Corsica, which is a World Heritage site.
  • Uganda: The Queen Elizabeth (Rwenzori) Biosphere Reserve lies adjacent to the Rwenzori Mountains World Heritage Site.
  • Czech Republic: The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape is adjanct to the Palava Biosphere Reserve.
  • Canada: The Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve lies adjacent to the Old Town Lunenburg World Heritage Site.
  • Cambodia: The Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve is contiguous to the Angkor World Heritage Site.