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Rock Drawings in Valcamonica

Rock Drawings in Valcamonica

Valcamonica, situated in the Lombardy plain, has one of the world's greatest collections of prehistoric petroglyphs – more than 140,000 symbols and figures carved in the rock over a period of 8,000 years and depicting themes connected with agriculture, navigation, war and magic.

Art rupestre du Valcamonica

Dans la plaine de Lombardie, le val Camonica recèle un des ensembles les plus denses de pétroglyphes préhistoriques. Plus de 140 000 signes et figures, qui furent gravés dans le rocher pendant huit millénaires, évoquent les travaux des champs, la navigation, la guerre et la magie.

المنحوتات الصخرية في فالكامونيكا

في سهل لومبارديا، يحوي وادي فالكامونيكا إحدى المجموعات الأكثر كثافة من مجموعات ما قبل التاريخ للنقش على الحجر. فأكثر من 140 ألف إشارة ورسم حفرت في الصخر على مدى ثمانية ألآف سنة تشير إلى أعمال زراعة الحقول، والإبحار، والحروب والسحر.

source: UNESCO/ERI

梵尔卡莫尼卡谷地岩画

在位于伦巴第平原上的梵尔卡莫尼卡谷地,有一批最壮观的史前岩石雕刻群。在持续约8000年的历史中,岩石上刻满了超过14万幅的符号和图案,这些图案描绘的主题是农业、航海、战争和魔法。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Наскальная живопись в Валь-Камонике

В Валь-Камонике, расположенной на Ломбардской равнине, сосредоточено одно из крупнейших в мире собраний доисторических петроглифов. Свыше 140 тыс. символов и фигур высекались на скалах в течение 8 тыс. лет, их сюжеты связаны с сельским хозяйством, мореходством, военными конфликтами и верованиями.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Arte rupestre de Val Camónica

Situado en la planicie de Lombardía, el sitio de Val Camónica alberga uno de los conjuntos más densos de petroglifos prehistóricos descubiertos hasta la fecha. Más de 140.000 figuras y símbolos esculpidos en la roca a lo largo de 8.000 años muestran escenas de faenas agrícolas, navegación, guerra y magia.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ヴァルカモニカの岩絵群
イタリア北部・ロンパルディア地方のカモニカ渓谷(ヴァルカモニカ)一帯にみられる壁画群。約2400箇所、13万点以上におよぶこれらの壁画は1929年に発見されました。前期青銅器時代から鉄器時代にかけてなめらかな岩肌に描かれたもので、ナクワ岩壁岸壁彫刻国立公園では、古代人の日常生活や狩猟・戦争の場面、宗教的な儀式のようすなどを今に伝えています。

source: NFUAJ

Rotstekeningen in Valcamonica

Valcamonica – in de vlakten van Lombardije – bezit één van ’s werelds grootste verzamelingen prehistorische rotstekeningen bestaande uit meer dan 140.000 symbolen en figuren in rots gekerfd gedurende een periode van 8.000 jaar. Het zijn afbeeldingen van thema's die verband houden met landbouw, navigatie, oorlog en magie. De verzameling is bijzonder vanwege het aantal, de duur en de verscheidenheid van de gravures en hun relatie met hedendaagse archeologische sites. Bovendien verbindt de ruim 8.000 jarige voortzetting van graveren (van het Mesolithicum via de Romeinse tot de middeleeuwse periodes, en in sommige gevallen tot de moderne tijd) deze buitengewone uiting van menselijke creativiteit met hedendaagse gemeenschappen.

Source: unesco.nl

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Rock Drawings in Valcamonica (Italy) © Elisabetta Roffia
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief Synthesis

Valcamonica, situated in the mountainous area of the Lombardy region, has one of the world's greatest collections of prehistoric petroglyphs – more than 140,000 symbols and figures carved in the rock over a period of more than 8,000 years. Found on both sides of an entire valley, the petroglyphs depict themes connected to agriculture, deer hunting, duels, as well as geometric-symbolic figures.

 

Criterion (iii): The Rock Drawings of Valcamonica stretch over a period of eight thousand years leading up to our present era, making these human renderings absolutely invaluable.

Criterion (vi): The Rock Drawings of Valcamonica constitute an extraordinary figurative documentation of prehistoric customs and mentality. The systematic interpretation, typological classification, and the chronological study of these configurations in stone represent a considerable contribution to the fields of prehistory, sociology and ethnology.

 

Integrity

The propertycontains the necessary elements to express its Outstanding Universal Value. The inscribed property includes the most extraordinary engravings, which document and provide the most complete evidence of prehistoric customs and mentality. The general state of conservation of the rock surfaces and the visibility of the rock art images is good.

Inherent aspects of the property are responsible for its vulnerability, for instance due to the exposure of the engravings to atmospheric and climatic factors, the presence of woods and the possible damages caused by pollution or direct human intervention.

 

Authenticity

The Rock Drawings of Valcamonica, as archaeological remains, have maintained high levels of authenticity in their form, iconography and material. The physical authenticity of the property is preserved thanks to continuous monitoring, restoration and control, ensured by the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Lombardia (a local office of the Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities) and by a specific network of Parks with rock engravings. All the restoration works are performed under the direction of the Ministry, in accordance with the principles of the Venice Charter.

 

Protection and management requirements

The property is subject to different legal protections that operate at different levels: national, regional and local.

The national law for the protection and preservation of cultural heritage (Legislative Decree 42/2004) subordinates all the actions on cultural heritage to the preventive approval by the peripheral offices of the Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities.

Parks are governed by regional regulations on Parks and Natural Reserves that contain indications concerning the management of areas with archaeological, environmental, botanical and ethnographic importance. These rules are transposed into the municipal planning instruments.

The Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Lombardia coordinates the actions for the property, the first Italian property inscribed in 1979, and the preparation of the Management Plan. These activities are carried out with the collaboration of the Local Authorities that, because of the vastness of the territory and variety of heritage (more than 180 localities with rock art) have been primarily identified as the Province of Brescia, Comunità Montana di Valle Camonica, Consorzio dei Comuni del Bacino Imbrifero Montano di Valle Camonica (BIM) and the 7 municipalities with Rock Art Parks.

All the relevant public authorities and research institutions present on the territory have been involved in the preparation of the Management Plan. Together, they provided guidance and knowledge, ensured the preservation and enhancement of the property, and started programming and planning the Operation Plan for the sustainable development of the Valley.

To achieve some priority actions of the Management Plan, the Institutional Coordination Group was established in 2006; it is still operative as a controlling instance. Positive developments include the widespread adoption of the Management Plan through resolutions taken by the municipalities, the establishment of new parks (with different institutional profiles: national, regional or municipal) and their involvement the network of the Rock Art Parks.

Since 2007, the Institutional Coordination Group has interacted with the Cultural District of Valle Camonica (promoted by the Bank Cariplo Foundation). This also included improvements to the facilities and enhanced access for visitors.

A monitoring program for the actions was prepared and has been implemented since 2006. In 2011, the different stakeholders involved in the management of the property have signed an agreement towards the integrated management of the cultural services of the property.