English Français
Aidez maintenant !

El Ferrol of the Illustration Historical Heritage

Date de soumission : 27/04/2007
Critères: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
Catégorie : Culturel
Soumis par :
Ministry of Culture
Etat, province ou région :
Galician
Coordonnées N43 30 - 43 27 W8 10 20
Ref.: 5138
Avertissement

Le Secrétariat de l’UNESCO et le Centre du patrimoine mondial ne garantissent pas l’exactitude et la fiabilité des avis, opinions, déclarations et autres informations ou documentations fournis au Secrétariat de l’UNESCO et au Centre du patrimoine mondial par les Etats Parties à la Convention concernant la protection du patrimoine mondial, culturel et naturel.

La publication de tels avis, opinions, déclarations, informations ou documentations sur le site internet et/ou dans les documents de travail du Centre du patrimoine mondial n’implique nullement l’expression d’une quelconque opinion de la part du Secrétariat de l’UNESCO ou du Centre du patrimoine mondial concernant le statut juridique de tout pays, territoire, ville ou région, ou de leurs autorités, ou le tracé de leurs frontières.

Les noms des biens figurent dans la langue dans laquelle les Etats parties les ont soumis.

Description

"Ferrol of the Enlightenment" is a historic hereditary "ensemble" which has a certain unity as a result of its design and construction "ex novo": unity in space which is represented by the geography of the Ferrol estuary, unity in time of its projects and material execution which belong to the second part of the XVIIIth century and its continuity in the XIXth century, aesthetic unity produced by its style and academic technology (from the Enlightenment). This ensemble can be divided into three functional unities that are tallied with the scheme of ideal port city of the Classicism, that is to say port-arsenal, residential city and defences. So, we can take into account the following ensembles or subensembles in series: Arsenal of Spanish Navy and Civil Arsenal. The fortified city and its urbanism, Defences on the mouth of the estuary and on the outside coast. These subensembles mainly contain more than fifty constructions of port and military architecture and engineering. For that reason, this unitary work of the Enlightenment is completed by a great movable heritage linked to its design and execution, standing up plans and documents of the time consisting of more than one thousand.

Déclarations d’authenticité et/ou d’intégrité

The authenticity of the ensemble of Ferrol of the Enlightenment is appreciated in all the main constructions of engineering and architecture since they are conserved with the design and materials of the XVIIIth century, without mimetic additions, pointing up the quality of the original granite stone.

The integrity of the ensemble is appreciated on the whole of the conserved properties and on the untouched conserved parts as it did not suffer either wars or disasters and it has had a good maintenance.

Comparaison avec d’autres biens similaires

Ferrol of the Enlightenment keeps a representative example of the ideal port of the XVIIIth century with the novelty of the basin and breakwaters over the sea in the XVIIIth century, improving on size and quality other similarity properties as the Arsenal of Venice, Suomenlina (Finland), Karlskrona (Sweden) already declared "Heritage World".

Ferrol was in the XVIII th century the optimum port, as Rochefort was (in the tentative French list) in the previous century.