The Stud-farm Institute, later Stud-farm Estate founded by Emperor Joseph II. in 1784 has been a major centre and organisational example of the highest standard horse-breeding and animal husbandry.
The first buildings of the estate were built in a short time. Eventually they developed into a unique architectural and agricultural complex. Besides the value of the species of horses (Nonius breed, Gidran, Mezohegyes halfbred) bred there, the architecture of the complex is also of exceeding value.
The layout of the large-scale farm which incorporates all the complementary branches necessary in horse-breeding as well as the urban appearance of the headquarters of this institution of military character is an original, definitive landscape-forming construction. Its most important architectural elements: old stud-farm yard 1785, two horse-herder cottages 1785, two old barracks 1786, bailiffs’ houses, horse-herders’ inn 1800, management building 1786, glass granary; in Újmezohegyes: construction stores 1860-70, new barracks 1790, miller quarters – dry mills 1790, bailiffs’ house. Three stud yards, headquarters of commander, covered riding-hall, North and South arches, gates, fence posts, animal hospital, oat storage towers, granaries, barns and several more buildings and structures.
The landscape has been reshaped by forest plantations and farm buildings.