English Français
Aidez maintenant !

Parc national de Morne Trois Pitons

Morne Trois Pitons National Park

Luxuriant natural tropical forest blends with scenic volcanic features of great scientific interest in this national park centred on the 1,342-m-high volcano known as Morne Trois Pitons. With its precipitous slopes and deeply incised valleys, 50 fumaroles, hot springs, three freshwater lakes, a 'boiling lake' and five volcanoes, located on the park's nearly 7,000 ha, together with the richest biodiversity in the Lesser Antilles, Morne Trois Pitons National Park presents a rare combination of natural features of World Heritage value.

Parc national de Morne Trois Pitons

Une forêt tropicale luxuriante est associée à des caractéristiques volcaniques d'un grand intérêt panoramique et scientifique dans ce parc national centré sur le Morne Trois Pitons, volcan qui culmine à 1 342 m. Avec des pentes escarpées, des vallées étranglées, 50 fumerolles et des sources d'eau chaude, trois lacs d'eau douce, un « lac bouillonnant », cinq volcans répartis sur les 7 000 ha du site et la diversité biologique la plus riche des Petites Antilles, le parc national de Morne Trois Pitons présente une combinaison rare de caractéristiques de patrimoine mondial.

منتزه مورن تروا بيتون الوطني

ترتبط هذه الغابة الاستوائيّة الوافرة بخصائص بركانيّة ذات أهميّة مشهديّة وعالميّة في هذا المنتزه الوطني المتمحور حول بركان مورن تروا بيتون القائم على ارتفاع 1342 متراً. يزاوج المنتزه الوطني بين العديد من الخصائص التراثيّة العالميّة فهو الغني بمنحدراته المتعرجّة ووديانه الضيقة ومنافذه البخاريّة الخمسين ومنابع مياهه الدافئة وبحيراته من المياه العذبة وعددها ثلاثة و"البحيرة الفائرة" وبراكينه الخمسة الموزّعة على هكتارات الموقع السبعة آلاف وتنوّعه البيولوجي الأغنى لجزر الأنتيل الصغيرة.

source: UNESCO/ERI

毛恩特鲁瓦皮顿山国家公园

这个国家公园位于海拔1342米的毛恩特鲁瓦皮顿火山区中心,园内丰富的天然热带森林与具有重要科学价值的火山景致交织在一起。特鲁瓦-皮顿山国家公园近7000公顷的园区内自然景观星罗棋布:陡峭的斜坡、幽深的峡谷、50处火山喷气孔、温泉、3处淡水湖、一个“沸腾湖”以及五座火山。这里还有着小安的列斯群岛最丰富的生物物种资源,展现了一幅自然景观与世界遗产价值相融合的奇妙图景。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк Морн-Труа-Питон

Парк, где густые тропические леса сочетаются с живописным вулканическим рельефом, располагается в районе вулкана высотой 1342 м, известного под названием Морн-Труа-Питон. На территории в 7 тыс. га можно увидеть крутые обрывы и глубокие ущелья, 50 фумарол (парогазовые струи), горячие источники, три пресноводных озера, «кипящее озеро» и пять потухших вулканов, а также зафиксировать самое значительное – в пределах Малых Антильских островов – биоразнообразие. Все это свидетельствует об особенной ценности данного объекта всемирного природного наследия.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque nacional de Morne Trois Pitons

Los exuberantes bosques tropicales y las formaciones volcánicas de este parque nacional que tiene por centro el Morne Trois Pitons, un volcán de 1.342 m. de altura, le confieren un gran atractivo paisajístico y científico Con escarpadas pendientes, valles angostos, cincuenta fumarolas y fuentes de agua caliente, tres lagos de agua dulce, un “lago efervescente”, cinco volcanes esparcidos por las 7.000 hectáreas del sitio y la biodiversidad más rica de las Pequeñas Antillas, el parque posee un conjunto excepcional de características naturales que hacen de él un valioso sitio del Patrimonio Mundial.

source: UNESCO/ERI

モーン・トロワ・ピトンズ国立公園

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal park Morne Trois Pitons

Nationaal park Morne Trois Pitons ligt in de hooglanden van Zuid-Centraal Dominica. In het gebied vermengt weelderig natuurlijk tropisch bos zich met mooie vulkanische kenmerken die van groot wetenschappelijk belang zijn. Het bijna 7.000 hectare grote park ligt rondom de 1.342 meter hoge vulkaan Morne Trois Pitons. Met steile hellingen en diep ingesneden valleien, 50 fumarolen (openingen in de aardkorst), heetwaterbronnen, drie zoetwatermeren, een ‘kokend meer’ en vijf vulkanen, vertegenwoordigt Nationaal park Morne Trois Pitons een zeldzame combinatie van natuurlijke elementen. In het gebied leven ten minste 7 soorten zoogdieren, 50 vogelsoorten, 12 soorten reptielen en amfibieën en 12 soorten schaaldieren.

Source : unesco.nl

  • Anglais
  • Français
  • Arabe
  • Chinois
  • Russe
  • Espagnol
  • Japonais
  • Néerlandais
Parc national de Morne Trois Pitons © Evergreen
Justification d'inscription

Le Comité a inscrit le Parc national de Morne Trois Pitons au titre des critères naturels (viii) et (x) pour la diversité de sa flore comportant des espèces endémiques de plantes vasculaires, ses volcans, ses rivières et ses chutes d'eau illustrant des processus géomorphologiques en cours d'une grande valeur panoramique.

Description longue
[Uniquement en anglais]

Morne Trois Pitons is located 13 km east of the town of Roseau in the highlands of south-central Dominica and it is the basaltic spike-like remains of a former volcano rising to approximately 1,300 m, within 8 km of the sea.

The landscape is characterized by volcanic piles with precipitous slopes, and deeply incised valleys (glacis slopes). There is also a fumarole known as Valley of Desolation (or Grand Soufriere), with fumaroles, hot springs, mud pots, sulphur vents and the Boiling Lake, which is the world's second largest of its kind. The valley is a large amphitheatre surrounded by mountains and consisting of at least three separate craters where steam vents, small ponds, and hot springs bubble up through the ground. Boiling Lake is surrounded by cliffs and is almost always covered by clouds of steam. The Valley of Desolation drains into the Pointe Mulatre River, which flows into the Atlantic.

Other outstanding features in the area include the Emerald Pool, fed by the Middleham Falls; Stinking Hole, a lava tube in the middle of the forest; and the Boeri and Freshwater lakes. The Freshwater Lake is the largest and second deepest of Dominica's four freshwater lakes. The Boeri Lake is the second largest in Dominica, and is located in the crater of an extinct volcano. Both lakes are separated from each other by Morne Macaque (1,221 m) and vary in depth with the season. Both are thought to have originated some 25,000-30,000 years ago. The park also encompasses almost all the headwaters of the streams and rivers in the southern half of the island.

Five natural vegetation zones are recognized within the area, plus a small patch of encroaching agricultural land.

 Elfin/cloud forest, which occurs at the highest elevations, above 914 m, and is almost constantly covered by mist and subject to high winds, rain and cold temperatures. Main vegetation types consist of mosses, ferns, shrubs and stunted trees covered by lichens.

  • Montane thicket, which is transitional between elfin and montane forests, is dominated by spindly trees. The most common tree found on steep slopes is Podocarpus coriaceus, the island's only native conifer.
  • Montane rainforest, which grows above 610m, is frequently in cloud cover or fog. The species composition is similar to that of mature rainforest, yet much reduced in stature. Non-vascular epiphytes cover most montane rainforest plants.
  • Mature rainforest, which grows below 460m. This zone contains the most luxuriant growth.

The occurrence of at least 7 species of mammal, 50 birds, 12 reptiles and amphibians and 12 crustaceans is indicated. Apart from introduced opossum and agouti, there are no terrestrial mammals in the area. Other introduced mammals include feral cats and pigs and rats.

Birds include imperial Amazon and red-necked Amazon parrots. Imperial Amazon was formerly common but is now threatened in Dominica. Red-necked Amazon was also a commonly seen species, but now is rarely observed in only a few small areas of the park.

There are no poisonous snakes in Dominica. Boa grows to 3.6 m in length and is common in Morne Trois Pitons. Three species of lizards, including the endemic, exist in the park.

Source : UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Description historique
[Uniquement en anglais]

Morne Trois Pitons National Park was first proposed as a forest reserve in 1952. The area was designated as National Park under the National Parks and Protected Areas Act No.16 of July 1975.

Source : évaluation des Organisations consultatives