State of Conservation (SOC)
Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (2000)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:118,700USD
|1998||Master Plan for Chan Chan Archaeological Zone||8,700 USD|
|1997||Emergency assistance for the Archaeological Zone of Chan Chan||50,000 USD|
|1997||Technical advice for the preparation of an Integral Plan for Chan ...||20,000 USD|
|1994||Regional and International Course on the Conservation of Earthen ...||20,000 USD|
|1987||Consultancy and equipment for the safeguarding of Chan Chan||20,000 USD|
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Fragility of its adobe structures;
- Occupation of land by farmers;
- Need of a management plan
Current conservation issues
The Peruvian authorities informed the World Heritage Centre that legislation was passed to establish a Multisectorial Committee for the Archaeological Zone of Chan Chan, presided over by the Instituto Nacional de Cultura of La Libertad. The Committee will be in charge of general co-ordination of all protection and promotion efforts. Furthermore, a Consultative Council was put in place to advise the Directorate of the Archaeological Zone of Chan Chan on all matters related to the management of the property, especially the implementation of the Master Plan.
Link to the decision
VIII.20 Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru)
As suggested by ICOMOS at the twenty-fourth session of the Bureau in 2000, the Peruvian authorities prepared a single volume Management Plan to summarize the nine volumes previously produced and approved. Furthermore, a document on the state of conservation of the site was submitted to the World Heritage Centre, following the periodic reporting format. The entire documentation was transmitted to ICOMOS.
The Committee commended the State Party for its efforts to protect the property and to implement the Master Plan and congratulated the completion of the single volume Management Plan and the use of the periodic reporting format for the state of conservation document. The Committee requested the Peruvian authorities to submit a report on further progress made in the implementation of the Management Plan by 15 September 2001 for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-fifth session. The Committee furthermore decided to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Committee may wish to adopt the following decision:
“The Committee commends the State Party for its efforts to protect the property and to implement the Master Plan. The Committee requests the Peruvian authorities to submit a report on further progress made by 15 September 2001 for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-fifth session. The Committee furthermore decided to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.”
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Fragility of the abdobe structures
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1986
Threats to the Site:
The vast and fragile site of Chan Chan was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1986, the same year it was inscribed on the World Heritage List.
Its adobe, or earthen, structures are quickly damaged by natural erosion as they become exposed to air and rain and they require continuous conservation efforts and substantial ancillary measures.
The Committee recommended, therefore, that appropriate measures be taken for the conservation, restoration and management of the site, that excavation work be halted unless accompanied by appropriate conservation measures and that all possible steps be taken to control plundering of the site.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).