State of Conservation (SOC)
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (2000)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:75,000USD
|1997||Contribution to the implementation of an Emergency Rehabilitation ...||75,000 USD|
January 1997: World Heritage Centre mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Construction of a dam (issue resolved);
- Bodo people insurgency;
- Destruction of Park infrastructures;
- Illegal removal of vegetation;
Current conservation issues
No new information has been received on the state of conservation of this site since the conclusion of the twenty-fourth ordinary session of the Bureau (26 June - 1 July, 2000; Paris). However, the Deputy Inspector General for Wildlife of the Ministry of Environment and Forests in New Delhi has agreed to present a case study on Manas at the Centre/IUCN workshop on the "Role of World Heritage in Danger Listing in Promoting International Co-operation for the Conservation of World Natural Heritage", in Amman, Jordan, during 6-7 October 2000. During the workshop, Centre and IUCN staff will discuss the timing of the site-visit, originally scheduled to take place in 2000, but delayed as requested by the State Party until early 2001, and report on the outcome of those discussions at the time of the Committee session.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
VIII.11 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India)
The Deputy Inspector General for Wildlife of the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF) in New Delhi, in a letter of 26 September 2000 addressed to the Charge d'Affairs of the Permanent Delegation of India to UNESCO suggested that the proposed UNESCO World Heritage Centre mission to Manas be undertaken in May 2001. The Deputy Inspector General for Wildlife also presented a paper at the IUCN/Centre Workshop in Amman in which he emphasised the fact that the inclusion of Manas in the List of World Heritage in Danger has influenced State and Central Government decision to invest funds to rehabilitate the Sanctuary. IUCN observed that this is another example of a site where the inclusion of the site in the List of World Heritage in Danger resulted in the elaboration of a rehabilitation plan and its execution with partial support from the World Heritage Fund.
The Committee recommended that the Centre/IUCN mission to review progress in the implementation of the rehabilitation plan adopted in 1997 and partly financed by grants amounting to US$ 165,000 from the World Heritage Fund be undertaken in May 2001 as proposed by the State Party, and a report submitted to the twenty-fifth ordinary session of the Bureau in 2001. The Committee urged the Centre and IUCN to use all available information to plan the site visit, particularly to assess the impacts of the rehabilitation measures designed to minimize poaching threats to the rhinos in Manas. The Committee retained the site in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Committee may wish to adopt the following decision:
“The Committee recommends that the the Centre/IUCN mission to review progress in the implementation of the rehabilitation plan adopted in 1997 and partly financed by grants amounting to US$ 165,000 from the World Heritage Fund be undertaken as soon as possible in 2001 and a report submitted to the twenty-fifth ordinary session of the Bureau in 2001. The Committee urges the Centre and IUCN to use all information to be made available by the State Party during the remaining months of the year 2000 in planning the site-visit, particularly to assessing the impacts of the rehabilitation measures on minimising poaching threats to the rhinos in Manas. The Committee decides that this site be retained in the List of World Heritage in Danger”.
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SOC Reports2014 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1986
Detailed List of SOC reports
Destruction of Park infrastructures
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1992 -2011
Threats to the Site:
The Committee decided to include this site on the World Heritage in Danger List in 1992, when it was invaded by militants of the Bodo tribe in Assam. Damage to the sanctuary was estimated at more than two million US dollars.
The site's infrastructure suffered considerable damage during 1992-93. Political instability seems to have led to poaching during this period of thirty-three rhinos.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).