State of Conservation (SOC)
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1998)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:75,000USD
|1997||Contribution to the implementation of an Emergency Rehabilitation ...||75,000 USD|
January 1997: World Heritage Centre mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Construction of a dam (issue resolved);
- Bodo people insurgency;
- Destruction of Park infrastructures;
- Illegal removal of vegetation;
Current conservation issues
The Bureau, at its twenty-second ordinary session in June 1998, was informed that the implementation of the rehabilitation plan for this site, approved at its last session in June 1997, was progressing satisfactorily. All equipment purchased using the first instalment of US$ 75,000 approved under emergency assistance by the Bureau in June 1997 has been delivered to the site. Construction of range posts and staff housing to be undertaken using the second instalment of US$ 90,000 approved by the Committee as emergency assistance at its last session (Naples, 1997), has however, been delayed due to heavy rains, but will begin soon after the end of the rainy season in November 1998.
The Indian authorities informed a member of the Centre staff who was on mission to New Delhi in August 1998 that while security conditions in and around Manas have improved, the problem of insurgency is still widespread in the State of Assam and militants often traversed the Sanctuary. Nevertheless, both MOEF and the Park Director were of the view that the conditions for site-protection and relationship with local villagers were gradually improving. The Park authorities are taking necessary precautions to locate the new constructions to be financed by the World Heritage Fund in areas where they are not completely isolated and could be vulnerable to raids by militants who are frequently in search of arms and ammunition. The Indian authorities have suggested that the Committee consider reviving its invitation, made at the time of inscription of Manas Wildlife Sanctuary of India on the World Heritage List in 1985, to Bhutan to ratify the Convention. Bhutan’s ratification of the Convention will make it possible for the nomination and inscription of Bhutan’s Royal Manas National Park as a World Heritage site and hence could significantly strengthen patrolling and surveillance operations for the protection of the whole of the trans-border Manas ecosystem.
MOEF has agreed to inform the Centre, before the beginning of the twenty-second session of the Committee, on national counterpart funding provided in 1998 for the implementation of the rehabilitation plan for Manas
Link to the decision
VII.9 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India)
The Committee was informed that the implementation of the rehabilitation plan for this site, approved at the twenty-second session of the Bureau (June 1997), was progressing satisfactorily. All equipment purchased using the first instalment of US$ 75,000 approved under emergency assistance by the Bureau in June 1997, has been delivered to the site. The Committee agreed to the use of the small sum of unspent balance from the US$ 75,000 (i.e. US$ 872) by the UNESCO Office in New Delhi for a sitevisit to Manas in early 1999. Construction of range posts and staff housing to be undertaken using the second instalment of US$ 90,000, approved by the Committee as emergency assistance at its last session (Naples, 1997), has however, been delayed due to adverse climatic conditions in the area throughout 1998, but is expected to gather momentum in 1999.
The Committee noted that while security conditions in and around Manas have improved, the threat of insurgency still prevails in the State of Assam and militants often traversed the Sanctuary. Nevertheless, the Committee was informed that the Indian authorities were of the view that conditions for siteprotection and the relationship with local villagers were gradually improving. The Committee noted the fact that the Indian authorities had provided US$ 400,000 to strengthen the conservation of Manas during 1997-98 and provided an additional US$ 100,000 in 1998. Additional contributions will be considered for disbursement as soon as the funds provided so far are utilized in accordance with plans agreed upon by the Ministry of Environment and Forests in New Delhi, the State Government of Assam and site management.
The Committee decided to retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger and requested the Centre to continue monitoring the progress in the implementation of the rehabilitation plan for this site. Furthermore, the Committee decided to request the Director-General of UNESCO to invite the Government of Bhutan to ratify the World Heritage Convention and to consider nominating the Royal Manas National Park of Bhutan for consideration by the Committee for World Heritage status. The Committee noted that this could help to strengthen the overall protection of the trans-border Manas ecosystem.
The Committee may wish to adopt the following:
“The Committee decides to retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger and requests the Centre to continue monitoring the progress in the implementation of the rehabilitation plan. The Committee also requests the Director General of UNESCO to invite the Government of Bhutan to consider ratifying the World Heritage Convention and nominate the Royal Manas National Park of Bhutan as a World Heritage site in order to strengthen the overall protection of the trans-border Manas ecosystem.”
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1986
Detailed List of SOC reports
Destruction of Park infrastructures
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1992 -2011
Threats to the Site:
The Committee decided to include this site on the World Heritage in Danger List in 1992, when it was invaded by militants of the Bodo tribe in Assam. Damage to the sanctuary was estimated at more than two million US dollars.
The site's infrastructure suffered considerable damage during 1992-93. Political instability seems to have led to poaching during this period of thirty-three rhinos.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).