State of Conservation (SOC)
Srebarna Nature Reserve (2000)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:41,000USD
|1999||Training workshop on "Srebarna Nature Reserve - core site of the ...||8,000 USD|
|1998||Assistance to the renovation of the exposition of the museum and ...||0 USD|
|1994||Purchase of equipment for the measurement and monitoring of ...||19,000 USD|
|1994||Training workshop in Srebarna Nature Reserve||14,000 USD|
1992: 2 IUCN missions; October 1998: World Heritage centre / IUCN / Ramsar mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Upstream Iron Gates dam
- Deterioration of the water quality
- Impact of upstream pig farms
- Loss of biodiversity
Current conservation issues
At its twenty-fourth ordinary session from 26 June to 1 July 2000, the Bureau noted that a cyanide spill in the Danube River had been contained without any major impacts to the integrity of the site. Nevertheless, the Bureau had encouraged the State Party to continue to monitor the impact of the spill and other major pollutants entering the Lake. The state of conservation report from the State Party due by 15 September 2000, as recommended by the twenty-fourth ordinary session of the Bureau, has not yet been received by the Centre at the time of the preparation of this report.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
VIII.4 Srebarna Nature Reserve (Bulgaria)
The Committee was informed that the Minister of Environment and Water, by a letter dated 11 September 2000, has transmitted a state of conservation report to the Centre. The report reached the Centre only on 17 November 2000 and hence allowed only a preliminary desk-review by IUCN. The report describes changes in physical (e.g. water quality) and biodiversity indicators that show improvements in the state of conservation of the site. It outlines measures taken by the State Party to strengthen social, cultural and political support for the protection of the site, including regional and international arrangements made to co-ordinate the overall protection of wetlands in the Danube River basin. The report stresses the fact that the improvements registered in the state of conservation of the site, including the administrative and organizational arrangements put in place to sustain those improvements, justify the removal of Srebarna from the List of World Heritage in Danger by the twenty-fourth session of the Committee. However, IUCN, while noting the positive achievements in the state of conservation reported, suggested that the Committee defer its consideration of the removal of Srebarna from the List of World Heritage in Danger until a site visit is undertaken to assess the results of the rehabilitation efforts reported by the State Party. The Committee thanked and commended the State Party for submitting a comprehensive report and for its efforts to fully rehabilitate the site. The Committee requested the Centre and IUCN to co-operate with the Ramsar Convention Secretariat and other suitable partners to field a mission to the site to undertake a thorough evaluation of the successes of the rehabilitation efforts reported and their sustainability. The Committee asked the Centre and IUCN to submit a report to the twenty-fifth session of the Committee in 2001, advising the Committee whether it could remove Srebarna from the List of World Heritage in Danger and of the next steps in preparing a trans-national, multi-country Danube Delta World Heritage area nomination incorporating designated and potential World Heritage areas of the Danube Delta River Basin. The Committee retained the site in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Committee may wish to review new information that may be available at the time of its session and take necessary decisions and recommend appropriate actions to the consideration of the State Party, advisory bodies and the Centre.
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991
Detailed List of SOC reports
Loss of biodiversity
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1992 -2003
Threats to the Site:
A series of upstream interferences, including the Iron Gates Dam, have permanently altered the natural hydrology of the Danube River in the region and that of Srebarna, located downstream along the river.
Prevention of seasonal flooding has caused significant decline in the size and productivity of Srebarna; agricultural and residential use of surrounding areas have impacted the wetland leading to decline or disappearance of the water and passerine bird populations.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).