State of Conservation (SOC)
Srebarna Nature Reserve (1995)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:33,000USD
|1994||Purchase of equipment for the measurement and monitoring of ...||19,000 USD|
|1994||Training workshop in Srebarna Nature Reserve||14,000 USD|
1992: 2 IUCN missions
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Upstream Iron Gates dam
- Deterioration of the water quality
- Impact of upstream pig farms
- Loss of biodiversity
Current conservation issues
A substantive state of conservation report, prepared by the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Bulgaria, was examined by the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee at its nineteenth session. The report recalled the history of the site and the deterioration of the state of conservation, which led to the inscription of the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992 and the Montreux List of the Ramsar Convention in 1993. The measures taken to restore the ecological integrity of the site were research studies and the construction of a channel and a monitoring programme to review the status of the Reserve since 1994. The hydraulic connection between the lake and the Danube River was reestablished and the water level has now risen by lm. Furthermore, it is indicated that the Dalmatian Pelican is continuing to nest in the site.
The Representative of IUCN informed the Bureau that they were awaiting a detailed monitoring report from the Ramsar Convention Secretariat and recalled that the previous Bureau felt that the site may no longer retain the values for which it was inscribed.
The Bureau took note of both the report received from the State Party and the comments made by IUCN and recommended that no decision could be taken until the monitoring report by the Ramsar Convention Secretariat is received. At the time of the preparation of this document, the report was not yet available, It will be presented to the session of the outgoing Bureau in December 1995.
Analysis and Conclusion
Depending on the content of the above-mentioned report the Bureau is requested to make a recommendation to the World Heritage Committee.
Link to the decision
VII.3 Srebarna Nature Reserve (Bulgaria)
The committee recalled that the site was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992 and that the Bureau at its nineteenth session examined a substantive state of conservation report, prepared by the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The Representative of IUCN informed the committee that a monitoring mission was undertaken by the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention and a detailed monitoring report was prepared. This report indicates that the new water control structure allows an inflow of water on a small scale, and that a small colony of the Dalmatian Pelican had been reestablished. The integrity of the site, however, has not yet been adequately restored.
The Committee took note of the report received from the Ramsar Secretariat and the comments made by IUCN. The Delegate of France supported the report presented.
The Committee encouraged the Bulgarian authorities in their continuing efforts to restore the site, including increasing the water intake and the preparation of a management plan for the site. The Committee furthermore requested that a status report be presented in three years time. Meanwhile, the Committee decided to retain the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Bureau recommends the Committee to examine the information contained in the working document and the oral report provided by the Secretariat and the advisory body. The Bureau recommends the Committee to adopt the following:
"The Committee encouraged the Bulgarian authorities in their continuing efforts to restore the site, including increasing the water intake and the preparation of a management plan for the site. The Committee furthermore requested that a status report should be presented in three years time. Meanwhile, the Committee decided to retain the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger."
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991
Detailed List of SOC reports
Loss of biodiversity
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1992 -2003
Threats to the Site:
A series of upstream interferences, including the Iron Gates Dam, have permanently altered the natural hydrology of the Danube River in the region and that of Srebarna, located downstream along the river.
Prevention of seasonal flooding has caused significant decline in the size and productivity of Srebarna; agricultural and residential use of surrounding areas have impacted the wetland leading to decline or disappearance of the water and passerine bird populations.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).