State of Conservation (SOC)
Iguaçu National Park (1997)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:0USD
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Administration of the falls (Argentina);
- Sound pollution (helicopters)
Current conservation issues
The Bureau at its twenty-first session learnt that a local organisation was campaigning to re-open a road, closed in 1986 to strengthen protection of the Park.
In early May 1997, 800 people had invaded the Park and set up camp to begin unauthorised work to clear the road. Conservation authorities had not been able to resist political pressures and had not acted to contain the damage. As recommended by the Bureau, the Centre encouraged Brazilian authorities re-establish control over the Park to close the road and rehabilitate areas damaged by the illegal invasion; the attention of the Brazilian authorities was also drawn to the opportunity to link this Park with the World Heritage site of Iguazu National Park (Argentina) and to establish a trans-border World Heritage area. The response of the Brazilian authorities to these suggestions made by the Bureau, requested by 15 September 1997, is awaited.
The Bureau may wish to examine information that may be available during its session and take appropriate action thereupon.
Link to the decision
VII.35 Iguacu National Park (Brazil)
The Bureau at its twenty-first session learned that a local organisation had started a campaign to re-open a road, closed in 1986 to strengthen protection of the Park, and that in early May 1997, 800 people had invaded the Park and set up camp to begin unauthorised work to clear that road. IUCN informed the Bureau that the road has been closed, but plans to rehabilitate damaged areas were uncertain and political pressure to re-open the road still prevailed.
The Centre informed the Committee that a facsimile was received from the Brazilian authorities on 28 November 1997 with information from the Brazilian Institute for the Protection of the Environment (IBAMA) concerning the state of conservation of the site. The Delegate of Brazil stated that several actions have been undertaken, including socio-economic studies in the buffer zone, environmental awareness programmes and a revision of the Master Plan of the Park.
The Committee requested the Centre to write to the Brazilian authorities to invite the Government to continue its efforts with regard to the permanent closure of the road and future steps for rehabilitating damaged areas.
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Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1999 -2001
Threats to the Site:
The Committee noted that an IUCN/UNESCO mission was carried out to this site in March 1999 and dealt with four issues relevant to the integrity of this World
- The Colon road,
- Helicopter flights,
- Dams on the Iguaçu River,
- Management planning.
The Committee recognized the efforts made by the State Party to implement the recommendations of the mission. However, in the absence of satisfactory progress with regard to the permanent closure of the road and the implementation of the recovery plan, the Committee decided to include Iguacu National Park in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).