State of Conservation (SOC)
Iguaçu National Park (2001)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:0USD
March 1999: IUCN mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Administration of the falls (Argentina);
- Sound pollution (helicopters);
- Illegal reopening of the Colon road
Current conservation issues
In September 2001, the Ministry of Environment of Brazil informed the Centre of actions that its Government has taken in order to minimize the social impacts caused by the closure of the Colon road despite protests from local communities. FUNPAR (Fundação da Universidade do Paraná) has been hired to carry out appraisal studies on how seven municipalities around the Park could benefit from projects and activities that will be launched soon. The Government of the State of Paraná has developed a joint project with the surrounding populations focusing on organic agriculture and sustainable use activities, including development of craftmanship and ecotourism. Private enterprises and public agencies have set up infrastructure projects with the aim of fostering ecotourism and organic agriculture. These projects will employ approximately 450 persons. Another project aiming at the development of sustainable activities in co-operation with the surrounding communities is under elaboration and donors such as the UN Foundation will be approached for financing of that project.
Link to the decision
VIII.2 The Committee learned that the Colon road was effectively closed in June 2001 through the intervention of the Brazilian Federal Police. The Committee was informed that the State Party provided information by a letter dated 5 December 2001 to the Centre on several steps taken: on the one hand to ensure permanent closure of the road and rehabilitate areas damaged by the illegal use of the road; and on the other, to assist local communities affected by the closure of the road.To ensure permanent closure of the road, the
VIII.3 Brazilian authorities sunk a ferry boat, scarified the whole of the 18 km of the road to render it unuseable, destroyed three bridges along the road and established a guard-post at the entrance to the road manned by 12 Federal Police personnel to prevent any attempt by dissidents to begin illegal use of the road again. Soon after the closure of the road on 13 June 2001, 5000 seedlings of native tree species were planted to rehabilitate areas damaged by the road; an additional 20,000 saplings are being planted during December 2001.
VIII.4 An interministerial Working Group has been created with the participation of the State Government of Paraná, and under the leadership of the Ministry for National Integration, to promote sustainable development initiatives among local populations inhabiting the vicinity of the Iguaçu National Park. FUNPAR (Fundação da Universidade do Paraná) has been hired to carry out appraisal studies on how municipalities around the Park could benefit from projects and activities that will soon be launched. The Government of the State of Paraná has developed a joint project with the surrounding populations focusing on organic agriculture and sustainable use activities, including development of craftmanship and ecotourism. Private enterprises and public agencies have set up infrastructure projects with the aim of fostering ecotourism and organic agriculture. These projects will employ approximately 450 persons.
VIII.5 The twenty-fifth session of the Bureau that met in Paris from 25 to 30 June 2001 had recommended that if the positive developments are sustained, the Committee could remove this site from the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Committee concluded that the State Party had met the conditions it had set at its twenty-third session (1999), i.e. ensuring the permanent closure of the Colon road, to remove the site from the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Committee invited the State Party to continue forest rehabilitation efforts and monitor their outcome and build co-operative programmes to enhance income generation and employment opportunities for local communities in municipalities bordering the Park. The Committee decided to remove the site from the List of World Heritage in Danger and requested that IUCN and the Centre undertake a site visit during 2002/2003 to prepare a status report for submission to the twentyseventh session of the Committee in June 2003. Based on the suggestions made by the Delegate of Argentina and the Observer of Brazil, the Committee welcomed the idea to study a permanent mechanism for transborder co-operation between the World Heritage sites of Iguaçu (Brazil) and Iguazu (Argentina) National Parks, in particular for sustainable tourism.
Link to the decision
Furthermore, the Committee decided to remove Iguaçu National Park (Brazil) from the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Committee may wish to adopt the following:
“The Committee welcomes State Party actions to minimize the social impacts of the closure of the road and to launch projects to bring employment and social benefits to impacted communities. The Committee commends the decisive manner in which the State Party acted in June 2001 to close the illegally opened Colon road and for its commitment to successfully enforce the law to maintain that road closed. The Committee invites the State Party to submit to the Centre, before 1 March 2002, a detailed report, with photographic and other supporting documentation as appropriate, on: (a) progress in the enforcement of the legal decision to maintain the road closed; (b) description of measures to rehabilitate impacted areas and the outcome of measures implemented; and (c) progress in the design and execution of projects to benefit communities impacted by the closure of the road and the response of communities to co-operating with the Park management. On the basis of a review of that report to be submitted by IUCN to its twenty-sixth session in Hungary in June 2002, the Committee may consider removing the Iguacu National Park from the List of World Heritage in Danger”.
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2012 2010 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1992 1991
Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1999 -2001
Threats to the Site:
The Committee noted that an IUCN/UNESCO mission was carried out to this site in March 1999 and dealt with four issues relevant to the integrity of this World
- The Colon road,
- Helicopter flights,
- Dams on the Iguaçu River,
- Management planning.
The Committee recognized the efforts made by the State Party to implement the recommendations of the mission. However, in the absence of satisfactory progress with regard to the permanent closure of the road and the implementation of the recovery plan, the Committee decided to include Iguacu National Park in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).