Chan Chan Archaeological Zone
Factors affecting the property in 2000*
- Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
- Land conversion
- Management systems/ management plan
- Other Threats:
Fragility of the abdobe structures
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Fragility of its adobe structures;
- Occupation of land by farmers;
- Need of a management plan
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2000
Total amount approved : 118,700 USD
|1998||Master Plan for Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Approved)||8,700 USD|
|1997||Emergency assistance for the Archaeological Zone of ... (Approved)||50,000 USD|
|1997||Technical advice for the preparation of an Integral ... (Approved)||20,000 USD|
|1994||Regional and International Course on the Conservation ... (Approved)||20,000 USD|
|1987||Consultancy and equipment for the safeguarding of Chan ... (Approved)||20,000 USD|
Missions to the property until 2000**
Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 2000
Twenty-third session of the Committee - paragraph number - X.17
New information: In April 2000, the Secretariat was informed by the authorities of Peru that the very extensive Master Plan for the site was officially adopted by a Presidential Decree. The plan had been prepared by an interdisciplinary group of experts with assistance from the World Heritage Fund. As requested by the Committee at its twenty-third session, ICOMOS and ICCROM are currently evaluating the Plan. These two advisory bodies will present their report at the time of the Bureau session.
With aid from the World Heritage Fund, the Second Pan-America Course on the Conservation and Management of Earthen Architectural and Archaeological Heritage (Government of Peru, ICCROM, CRATerre EAG, Getty Conservation Institute) took place in Chan Chan in 1999. The Secretariat has received a full report on this course.
The Bureau congratulates the Government of Peru for the adoption of the Master Plan and encourages the State Party to implement it. It requests the State Party to submit a progress report on the implementation of the Master Plan by 15 September 2000 for examination by the Committee at its twenty-fourth session. The Bureau recommends that the Committee retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2000
The Peruvian authorities informed the World Heritage Centre that legislation was passed to establish a Multisectorial Committee for the Archaeological Zone of Chan Chan, presided over by the Instituto Nacional de Cultura of La Libertad. The Committee will be in charge of general co-ordination of all protection and promotion efforts. Furthermore, a Consultative Council was put in place to advise the Directorate of the Archaeological Zone of Chan Chan on all matters related to the management of the property, especially the implementation of the Master Plan.
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2000
24 BUR IV.A.20
Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru)
As requested by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-third session, ICOMOS and ICCROM provided their views on the recently adopted Master Plan for this site.
ICOMOS commended the Government of Peru for the preparation and adoption of the Master Plan. It noted that the plan consists of nine volumes, is comprehensive and that its preparation was based upon the appropriate methodology. It suggested that to facilitate the use by on-site staff and to ensure its implementation: (1) a single volume summary of the plan be prepared that would actually constitute the Management Plan for the site (with the nine volumes providing background and reference material), and (2) the proposed actions be prioritised so as to ensure that, in case of limited financial and human resources, the most needed actions be undertaken first.
ICCROM informed the Bureau that it had been part of the planning process from the beginning. It considered the plan to be very comprehensive and addressing adequately management and conservation issues as well as social and economic ones. It noted that the first three volumes of the plan provide the summary and that the Government of Peru is considering producing a one-volume executive summary. ICCROM emphasized that the plan had been prepared with the involvement of all stakeholders and that it counts with the full support of the President of the country. He furthermore informed the Bureau that the establishment of an implementation unit was being considered.
The Observer of Peru thanked ICOMOS and ICCROM for the observations and assured that he would transmit these to the authorities concerned.
In conclusion, the Bureau congratulated the Government of Peru for the adoption of the Master Plan and encouraged the State Party to implement it. It requested the State Party to submit a progress report on the implementation of the Master Plan by 15 September 2000 for examination by the Committee at its twenty-fourth session. The Bureau recommended that the Committee retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
24 COM VIII.20
Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru)
VIII.20 Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru)
As suggested by ICOMOS at the twenty-fourth session of the Bureau in 2000, the Peruvian authorities prepared a single volume Management Plan to summarize the nine volumes previously produced and approved. Furthermore, a document on the state of conservation of the site was submitted to the World Heritage Centre, following the periodic reporting format. The entire documentation was transmitted to ICOMOS.
The Committee commended the State Party for its efforts to protect the property and to implement the Master Plan and congratulated the completion of the single volume Management Plan and the use of the periodic reporting format for the state of conservation document. The Committee requested the Peruvian authorities to submit a report on further progress made in the implementation of the Management Plan by 15 September 2001 for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-fifth session. The Committee furthermore decided to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The Committee may wish to adopt the following decision:
“The Committee commends the State Party for its efforts to protect the property and to implement the Master Plan. The Committee requests the Peruvian authorities to submit a report on further progress made by 15 September 2001 for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its twenty-fifth session. The Committee furthermore decided to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.”
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).