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Chan Chan Archaeological Zone

Peru
Factors affecting the property in 1996*
  • Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
  • Land conversion
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Fragility of its adobe structures;
  • Occupation of land by farmers
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1996
Requests approved: 2 (from 1987-1994)
Total amount approved : 40,000 USD
Missions to the property until 1996**
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1996

An extensive report on the state of conservation of Chan Chan was submitted to the Committee at its seventeenth session in Cartagena in 1993. It was concluded at that time that the issue of invasions and land occupation by farmers needed to be addressed immediately in order to rapidly and permanently reclaim and secure the site's intangible zone. In 1996, the Government of Peru initiated this process which will be implemented gradually over a longer period of time. Long-term protection of the site is now a concern for the site managers and several alternatives of securing the site are presently under study.

The Pan-american Course on the Conservation and Management of Earthen Architectural and Archaeological Heritage will be held at the World Heritage site of Chan Chan from 10 November to 13 December 1996. Chan Chan being the venue of the course and one of its main case studies, it is expected that the course will provide valuable material on the conditions of the site, as well as guidelines for future interventions and management.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1996
20 COM VII.C.27
SOC: Archaeological Zone of Chan Chan (Peru)

VII.27 Archaeological zone of Chan Chan (Peru)

It was recalled that an extensive report on the state of conservation of Chan Chan was submitted to the Committee at its seventeenth session in Cartagena in 1993 which concluded that the issue of encroachment and land occupation needed to be addressed in order to reclaim and secure the site. In 1996, the Government of Peru initiated this process. Long-term protection of the site is now a concern for the site managers and several alternatives of securing the site are presently under study.

Furthermore, a Pan-American Course on the Conservation and Management of Earthen Architectural and Archaeological Heritage was held in Chan Chan in late 1996. This course was organized by ICCROM in cooperation with several other partners and received financial support from the World Heritage Fund.

The Committee was informed that the Peruvian authorities had submitted a request for technical cooperation to strengthen the management of the site.

The Committee commended the Government of Peru for its efforts to secure the site. It also requested the Peruvian authorities to submit, by 15 September 1997, a full report on the state of conservation of Chan Chan, including proposals regarding the future conservation and management of the site in order to enable the Committee, at its twenty-first session, in consultation with the state Party, to decide if additional measures are required to conserve the property. Awaiting the state of conservation report, the Committee decided to retain the Archaeological Zone of Chan Chan on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

The Committee may wish to consider the following decision:

"The Committee commends the Government of Peru for its efforts to secure the intangible zone of Chan Chan. It also requests the Peruvian authorities to submit a full report on the state of conservation of Chan Chan, including proposals regarding the future conservation and management of the site in order to enable the Committee, at its twenty-first session, in consultation with the State Party, to decide if additional measures are required to conserve the property. Awaiting the state of conservation report, the Committee decides to retain the Archaeological Zone of Chan Chan on the List of World Heritage in Danger."

Report year: 1996
Peru
Date of Inscription: 1986
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(iii)
Danger List (dates): 1986-present
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 20COM (1996)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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