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Historic Centre of Lima

Peru
Factors affecting the property in 2013*
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Housing
  • Interpretative and visitation facilities
  • Management activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Fires in 1998 and 2001 (issue resolved); 
  • Formalization of the procedures to set up a Management Coordination Unit to implement the Strategic Plan;
  • Revision of the Master and Strategic Plans;
  • New development projects within the Historic Centre including urban transportation systems (Corredor Segregado) and interventions in historical buildings;
  • Development of the cable car project for tourism purposes.


International Assistance: requests for the property until 2013
Requests approved: 4 (from 1989-2013)
Total amount approved : 94,500 USD
Missions to the property until 2013**

1994: Systematic monitoring report UNDP/UNESCO; March-April 2003: reactive monitoring mission ICOMOS; January 2010: WHC / ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2013

The World Heritage Centre received the state of conservation report on 12 March 2013 in response to the requests made by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011). The draft retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value has been finalized by the State Party.

a)         Regulatory framework and policies for the Historic Centre

The State Part reports that several legal tools have been approved and are in the process of approval for the Historic Centre. The four Municipal Ordinances and one City Hall Resolution include the creation of a Management Office for Urban renewal, provisions for zoning and for location of urban activities, and the establishment of building heights, among others. It also reports that there is a project to update the Master Plan of the Historic Centre which should be concluded by May 2013.

b)         Management system

The State Party indicates that the Framework Agreement for Interinstitutional cooperation between the Ministry of Culture and the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima was signed on July 2012. This is expected to ensure that appropriate mechanisms are in place to coordinate conservation and management actions at the property. An additional cooperation agreement between the Municipality of Lima, the Municipality of Cusco and the Municipality of Arequipa is foreseen to create a network of World Heritage Cities in Peru to strengthen regulatory frameworks and ensure adequate conservation of the properties. The State Party also mentioned in its report the Project to integrate the Lima Workshop School Project of the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) to the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima to contribute to the social, economic and cultural development of the Historic Centre. No further information is provided on how the management system is expected to function.

c)         Projects at the property

The State Party reported that no project is planned with regard to a creation of a commercial centre in Rimac.

i. Linea Amarilla project

The Linea Amarilla project includes the design, construction, operation and maintenance of existing and new urban roads to improve transport and mobility at Lima. The Linea Amarilla Expressway is a multimodal road corridor and entails the construction of 9 km of new roads that will connect to the existing Via de Evitamiento and with a tunnel that will cross under the Rimac River. The tunnel option was selected in order to preserve the characteristics of the monument area at this sector and to avoid potential negative impacts on this portion of the inscribed World Heritage property. Works started in January 2012 and are expected to be finalized in 2015.

ii. Urban renewal project for Monserrate

The State Party reports this project part of the Municipal Urban Renewal Programme which focuses on revitalizing sectors of the historic centre, in this case at the buffer zone, for social housing and development (88 housing units, 6 training workshops, commercial and administrative spaces).  Technical specifications were included for the project and no impact is foreseen on the World Heritage property.

iii. Plaza de Acho project

The project focuses on the restoration and improvement of the infrastructure of the plaza, the museum, and the restaurant in order to make the place a touristic destination. Only the outline of the project has been submitted for consideration by the Ministry of Culture so it has not been granted approval for implementation.

iv. Station at Jirón de la Unión and High Capacity Segregated Corridor

The State Party reports that technical criteria have been established to minimize the visual impact of the built station for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor on the heritage buildings located nearby. The observations made have been taken into account and actions were implemented so that the station now allows for maximum transparency and a minimum degree of intervention.  In addition, the State Party informs that the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima has not developed alternative plans or additional studies for transport systems for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor.

v. Electric Train of Lima

The State Party reports that the initial project presented in October 2011 by the Autonomous Authority of the Electric Train was rejected by the Ministry of Culture since it entailed impacts to heritage buildings, the proposed infrastructure was not coherent with the surrounding urban environment and the monumental zone, and did not comply with existing Municipal Ordinances and regulatory measures. A revised project consisting in a complete proposal for an electric mass-transit system for Lima and Callao sector was submitted in 2012 and included the conservation of historic buildings as well as revised designs for the proposed infrastructure. The revised projects were approved by the Ministry of Culture in December 2012 and governed by Law 28253. Its implementation and operation are carried out by the Autonomous Authority of the Electric Train (AATE).

vi. Cable Car project

The State Party reports that a new project proposal “Teléferico de Lima” for the cable car was presented in May 2012. The initial route has been revised and the Ministry of Culture made technical observations to the project proposal in November 2012. These related to the proposed constructions at the hill, which need to take into account the existing topography to integrate with the natural landscape and the modifications that needed to be made to Tower 2 which could create strong visual impacts given its height and design. In January 2013 a revised project was submitted which addressed the previously made technical observations; the project was approved by the Ministry of Culture on February 2013. The requested information should be submitted to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2013

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note the progress made by the State Party in the implementation of the recommendations made by the World Heritage Committee and the 2010 reactive monitoring mission to the property. Legal tools and regulatory frameworks have been enhanced so decision-making processes in regard to conservation and management of the property is expected to improve. The finalisation and implementation of the updated Master Plan, along with the continued coordination among different institutions, will be an important step in ensuring the long-term sustainability of these efforts.

As requested by the Committee, the State Party submitted the legal, technical and graphic information on the different projects currently being implemented within the property and its buffer zone. They note that given the extent of the interventions foreseen, sufficient time should be allocated for the review of large-scale projects, to anticipate potential impacts and identify adequate solutions in consideration to the Outstanding Universal Value of the property.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies are of the view that some of the concerns previously raised have been partially addressed by the State Party. Special attention is required concerning the final implementation of the adjustment of the Jirón de la Unión project and the Cable Car project and the other urban projects which their final layout is not yet evaluated by the Advisory Bodies. The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies will continue working with the municipal and national authorities in the monitoring of activities related to the updating process of the Master Plan. 

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2013
37 COM 7B.102
Historic Centre of Lima (Peru) (C 500bis)

The World Heritage Committee,

1.  Having examined Document WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add,

2.  Recalling Decision 35 COM 7B.134, adopted at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011),

3.  Acknowledges the efforts made by the State Party in the implementation of the recommendations made by the 2010 reactive monitoring mission and encourages it to continue with these efforts, in particular regarding the establishment of a fully functional and resourced management system for the property;

4.  Takes note of large scale projects being implemented and requests the State Party to:

a)  Consider the development of alternative plans for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor, responsive to studies of transportation systems, and develop the adequate heritage impact assessments in the sections that could potentially impact the World Heritage property,

b)  Submit to the World Heritage Centre the final design, technical specifications and precise location of the route, in relation to the inscribed property, for the Cable Car Project, including relevant heritage and visual impact assessments, for review by the Advisory Bodies prior to making any commitment to its implementation by 30 October 2014;

5.  Also requests the State Party to submit three printed and electronic copies of the finalised Master Plan for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;

6.  Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015 , an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the abovementioned requests, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015. 

37 COM 8D
Clarifications of property boundaries and areas by States Parties in response to the Retrospective Inventory

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-13/37.COM/8D,

2. Recalling Decision 36 COM 8D, adopted at its 36th session (Saint Petersburg, 2012),

3. Acknowledges the excellent work accomplished by States Parties in the clarification of the delimitation of their World Heritage properties and thanks them for their efforts to improve the credibility of the World Heritage List;

4. Recalls that the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies will not be able to examine proposals for minor or significant modifications to boundaries of World Heritage properties whenever the delimitation of such properties as inscribed is unclear;

5. Takes note of the clarifications of property boundaries and areas provided by the following States Parties in response to the Retrospective Inventory, as presented in the Annexes of Document WHC-13/37.COM/8D:

  • Algeria: Kasbah of Algiers;
  • Brazil: Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas; Brasilia; Historic Centre of São Luís;
  • Cuba: San Pedro de la Roca Castle, Santiago de Cuba;
  • Dominican Republic: Colonial City of Santo Domingo;
  • Germany: Hanseatic City of Lübeck; Völklingen Ironworks;
  • Jordan: Petra;
  • Mexico: Sian Ka’an; Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque; Historic Centre of Puebla; Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines; Historic Centre of Morelia; Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino; Historic Centre of Zacatecas; Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco; Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes; Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan;
  • Panama: Darien National Park;
  • Paraguay: Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue;
  • Peru: City of Cuzco; Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu; Chavin (Archaeological Property); Chan Chan Archaeological Zone; Historic Centre of Lima; Río Abiseo National Park; Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana;
  • Russian Federation: Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments; Kizhi Pogost;
  • Spain: Old Town of Ávila with its Extra-Muros Churches; Historic City of Toledo; Historic Walled Town of Cuenca; Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona;
  • Viet Nam: Complex of Hué Monuments;

6. Requests the States Parties which have not yet answered the questions raised in the framework of the Retrospective Inventory to provide all clarifications and documentation as soon as possible and by 1 December 2013 at the latest.

37 COM 8E
Adoption of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value
The World Heritage Committee,

1.  Having examined Documents WHC-13/37.COM/8E and WHC-13/37.COM/8E.Add,

2.  Congratulates States Parties for the excellent work accomplished in the elaboration of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in their territories;

3.  Adopts the retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value, as presented in the Annex of Document WHC-13/37.COM/8E, for the following World Heritage properties:

  • Andorra: Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley;
  • Argentina: Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas; Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba; Quebrada de Humahuaca; Iguazu National Park;
  • Australia: Shark Bay, Western Australia; Greater Blue Mountains Area; Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens; Willandra Lakes Region; Kakadu National Park;
  • Austria / Hungary: Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape;
  • Bangladesh: The Sundarbans; Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur;
  • Belgium : La Grand-Place, Brussels;
  • Belgium / France: Belfries of Belgium and France;
  • Bolivia: Fuerte de Samaipata; Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture; Historic City of Sucre; Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos;
  • Brazil: Serra da Capivara National Park;
  • Chile: Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works; Rapa Nui National Park; Churches of Chiloé; Sewell Mining Town; Historic quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaiso;
  • China: Huanglong Scenic and Historic Interest Area; Mount Huangshan; Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples, Chengde; Ancient City of Ping Yao; Classical Gardens of Suzhou; Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing; Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun; Longmen Grottoes; Yungang Grottoes; Yin Xu; Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties; Historic center of Macao; Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor;
  • Colombia: Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena; Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox; San Agustín Archaeological Park; National Archeological Park of Tierradentro;
  • Costa Rica: Area de Conservación Guanacaste;
  • Cuba: Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios; Desembarco del Granma National Park; Alejandro de Humboldt National Park; Old Havana;
  • Cyprus: Choirokoitia; Painted Churches in the Troodos Region;
  • Denmark: Kronborg Castle;
  • Ecuador: City of Quito; Historic Centre of Santa Ana de los Ríos de Cuenca; Galápagos Islands;
  • El Salvador: Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site;
  • Ethiopia: Aksum; Fasil Ghebbi;
  • Finland / Sweden: High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago;
  • Guatemala: Archeological Park and Ruins of Quirigua; Antigua Guatemala;
  • Germany: Classical Weimar; Messel Pit Fossil Site; Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier; Aachen Cathedral; Cologne Cathedral; Hanseatic City of Lübeck; Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar; Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin; Old town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof; Speyer Cathedral; Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen; Town of Bamberg;
  • Greece: Mount Athos;
  • Honduras: Maya Site of Copan;
  • Hungary: Old Village of Hollókő and its Surroundings; Millenary Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma and its Natural Environment; Early Christian Necropolis of Pécs (Sopianae); Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape; Hortobágy National Park - the Puszta; Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue;
  • Hungary / Slovakia: Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst;
  • India: Sun Temple, Konârak; Group of Monuments at Hampi; Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya; Elephanta Caves; Great Living Chola Temples; Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus); Mountain Railways of India;
  • Indonesia: Ujung Kulon National Park; Komodo National Park; Lorentz National Park; Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra; Sangiran Early Man Site;
  • Iran (Islamic Republic of): Pasargadae; Takht-e Soleyman;
  • Ireland: Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne;
  • Italy: Venice and its Lagoon;
  • Japan: Yakushima; Shirakami-Sanchi; Buddhist Monuments in the Horyu-ji Area; Shiretoko; Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities); Shrines and Temples of Nikko; Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range; Itsukushima Shinto Shrine; Himeji-jo;
  • Latvia: Historic Centre of Riga;
  • Lao People’s Democratic Republic: Town of Luang Prabang;
  • Lithuania: Vilnius Historic Centre;
  • Luxembourg: City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications;
  • Malaysia: Kinabalu Park;
  • Mauritius: Aapravasi Ghat;
  • Mexico: Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan; Historic Centre of Morelia; Earliest 16th-Century Monasteries on the Slopes of Popocatepetl; Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro; Historic Fortified Town of Campeche; Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro; Agave Landscape and the Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila; Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino; Ancient Maya City of Calakmul, Campeche; Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco; Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan; Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza; Historic Centre of Zacatecas; Historic Centre of Oaxaca and Archaeological Site of Monte Albán; Sian Ka’an; Luis Barragán House and Studio; Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco; Archaeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes; Historic Centre of Puebla; Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines; Pre-hispanic town of Uxmal; Hospicio Cabañas, Guadalajara; Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California; Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco; Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque; El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City;
  • Netherlands: Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station); Schokland and Surroundings; Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder); Rietveld Schröderhuis (Rietveld Schröder House);
  • Nicaragua: Ruins of León Viejo;
  • Nigeria: Sukur Cultural Landscape;
  • Norway: Rock Art of Alta; Urnes Stave Church; Bryggen;
  • Oman: Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn;
  • Pakistan: Taxila; Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta; Rohtas Fort; Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol;
  • Panama: Darien National Park; Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá;
  • Paraguay: Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue;
  • Peru: City of Cuzco; Chavin (Archaeological Site); Historic Centre of Lima; Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu;
  • Philippines: Historic town of Vigan;
  • South Africa: uKhahlamba / Drakensberg Park;
  • Switzerland: Abbey of St Gall; Benedictine Convent of St John at Müstair; Old City of Berne; Three Castles, Defensive Wall and Ramparts of the Market-Town of Bellinzona;
  • Thailand: Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex; Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries; Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns; Ban Chiang Archaeological Site;
  • Turkey: Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia; Nemrut Dağ; Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği; Hierapolis-Pamukkale;
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Blaenavon Industrial Landscape; Blenheim Palace; Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church; Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd; City of Bath; Durham Castle and Cathedral; Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast; Heart of Neolithic Orkney; Ironbridge Gorge; Maritime Greenwich; New Lanark; Old and New Towns of Edinburgh; Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites; Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey; Tower of London; St Kilda; Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church;
  • Uruguay: Historic Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento;
  • Uzbekistan: Itchan Kala;
  • Venezuela : Coro and its Port; Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas;

4.  Decides that retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in Danger will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies in priority;

5.  Further decides that, considering the high number of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value to be examined, the order in which they will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies will follow the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting, namely:

  • World Heritage properties in the Arab States;
  • World Heritage properties in Africa;
  • World Heritage properties in Asia and the Pacific;
  • World Heritage properties in Latin America and the Caribbean;
  • World Heritage properties in Europe and North America;

6.  Requests the World Heritage Centre to harmonise all sub-headings in the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value where appropriate and when resources and staff time allow to carry out this work;

7.  Also requests the State Parties, Advisory Bodies and World Heritage Centre to ensure the use of gender-neutral language in the Statements proposed for adoption to the World Heritage Committee;

8.  Further requests the World Heritage Centre to keep the adopted Statements in line with subsequent decisions by the World Heritage Committee concerning name changes of World Heritage properties, and to reflect them throughout the text of the Statements, in consultation with States Parties and Advisory Bodies;

9.  Finally requests the States Parties to provide support to the World Heritage Centre for translation of the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value into English or French respectively, and finally requests the Centre to upload these onto its web-pages.

Draft Decision:         37 COM 7B.102

The World Heritage Committee,

1.         Having examined Document WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add,

2.         Recalling Decision 35 COM 7B.134, adopted at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011),

3.         Acknowledges the efforts made by the State Party in the implementation of the recommendations made by the 2010 reactive monitoring mission and encourages it to continue with these efforts, in particular regarding the establishment of a fully functional and resourced management system for the property;

4.         Takes note of large scale projects being implemented and requests the State Party to:

a)         Consider the development of alternative plans for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor, responsive to studies of transportation systems, and develop the adequate heritage impact assessments in the sections that could potentially impact the World Heritage property,

b)         Submit to the World Heritage Centre the final design, technical specifications and precise location of the route, in relation to the inscribed property, for the Cable Car Project, including relevant heritage and visual impact assessments, for review by the Advisory Bodies prior to making any commitment to its implementation by 30 October 2014;

5.         Also requests the State Party to submit three printed and electronic copies of the finalised Master Plan for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;

6.         Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the abovementioned requests, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015.

 

Report year: 2013
Peru
Date of Inscription: 1988
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iv)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 37COM (2013)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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