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Historic Centre of Lima

Peru
Factors affecting the property in 2017*
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Housing
  • Management activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Fires in 1998 and 2001 (issue resolved)
  • Formalization of the procedures to set up a Management Coordination Unit to implement the Strategic Plan
  • Revision of the Master and Strategic Plans
  • New development projects within the Historic Centre including urban transportation systems (Corredor Segregado) and interventions in historical buildings
  • Development of the cable car project for tourism purposes (issue resolved) 
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2017
Requests approved: 4 (from 1989-2013)
Total amount approved : 94,500 USD
Missions to the property until 2017**

1994: Systematic monitoring report UNDP/UNESCO; March-April 2003: ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; January 2010: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2017

On 9 December 2016, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report. An executive summary is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/500/documents/. Moreover, additional information on several issues was received on 24 February 2017. In its report, the State Party addresses the following issues:

  • With regard to the Cable Car project, the State Party decided by means of Management Resolution No. 02-2015-MML-GPIP of 22 January 2015 to cancel the Concession Contract with the company Operadora de Teleféricos SAC in charge of the project. By this Resolution, the State Party considers that the Lima Cable Car project is terminated and informs that the Municipality has not received any other similar project initiative within the property;
  • Regarding the High Capacity Segregated Corridor, the General Management of PROTRANSPORTE of the Metropolitan Institute of Transport of Lima was commissioned by the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima to prepare Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) in accordance with ICOMOS Guidance on HIAs for Cultural World Heritage Properties for the sections of the project that could have an impact on the property. The interventions on the stations concerned of Jirón Quilca, Colmena, Ramón Castilla and Central, have been completed taking into consideration the urban requirements of the Historic Centre. The Municipality of Lima continues the work on the revision of the Master Plan for the Historic Centre of Lima, approved in 1998. Due to the technical reviews formulated by the Ministry of Culture and the change of Municipal Government in December 2016, a new update is underway by the new administration.

Moreover, due to the awareness on the fragility of some vulnerable areas of the Historic Centre and the current state of conservation of some historic buildings, the State Party informs on the establishment of an inter-institutional working group that will address the current conservation issues faced by the property. In this context, the State Party invited the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies to conduct an Advisory mission in the course of 2017.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2017

The efforts made by the State Party regarding the management of the property are appreciated, in particular the decision taken by the Municipality to cancel the Cable Car Project in order to avoid any negative impact to the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, and following the recommendations made by the Committee in past decisions.

Regarding the High Capacity Segregated Corridor, and taking into consideration that the project was completed without the submission of the HIAs as requested in previous decisions, it is recommended that the Committee urge the State Party to finalize and submit the requested studies with a particular analysis and a clear explanation on how to mitigate any possible impact on the OUV of the property, that could affect its physical, environmental or urban integrity at the identified stations (Colmena, Jirón Quilca, Ramon Castilla and Central).

Despite the efforts made on the review of the Master Plan for the Historic Centre of Lima requested by Decisions 37 COM 7B.102 and 39 COM 7B.92, the process has not been completed. No specific timeframe was provided by the State Party for the finalization and approval of the updated Master Plan for the property. It is important to recall that in the context of a complex and very extensive urban area as that comprised by this World Heritage property, it is crucial to possess updated management and conservation tools to ensure its integrity and OUV.

Furthermore, it is essential to give particular attention to the state of conservation of some historic buildings in the Historic Centre and to enhance management arrangements in all the components of the property within the Master Plan in order to ensure the preservation of the values that sustain the OUV.

Moreover, due to the high importance of a Master Plan for the property, it is strongly recommended that the Committee request its finalization and approval as soon as possible, and that special attention be given to the most vulnerable parts of the site.

The invitation by the State Party to send a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Advisory mission to assist in the identification of suitable measures to ensure the proper management and conservation of the property is welcomed.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2017
41 COM 7B.64
Historic Centre of Lima (Peru) (C 500bis)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/17/41.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decisions 37 COM 7B.102 and 39 COM 7B.92, adopted at its 37th (Phnom Penh, 2013) and 39th (Bonn, 2015) sessions respectively,
  3. Appreciates the efforts made by the State Party regarding the management of the property and notes with satisfaction that the State Party decided to cancel the Cable Car Project to avoid any negative impact on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property;
  4. Notes with regret that the High Capacity Segregated Corridor project was completed without the submission of the Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) requested in past decisions and, therefore, urges the State Party to submit these assessments as soon as possible, in conformity with the ICOMOS Guidance on HIAs for Cultural World Heritage properties, with a specific section focusing on the potential impact of the project on the OUV, and to include an analysis of the scale and a clear explanation on how to mitigate any potential impacts of the concerned stations;
  5. Reiterates its request to the State Party to finalize the process for updating the Master Plan for the Historic Centre of Lima and ensure its approval as soon as possible to enable the integral protection of all the components of the property;
  6. Welcomes the invitation by the State Party of a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Advisory mission to provide technical assistance regarding the issues concerning the management and conservation of the property;
  7. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2018, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session in 2019.
Draft Decision: 41 COM 7B.64

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/17/41.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decisions 37 COM 7B.102 and 39 COM 7B.92, adopted at its 37th (Phnom Penh, 2013) and 39th (Bonn, 2015) sessions respectively,
  3. Appreciates the efforts made by the State Party regarding the management of the property and notes with satisfaction that the State Party decided to cancel the Cable Car Project to avoid any negative impact on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property;
  4. Notes with regret that the High Capacity Segregated Corridor project was completed without the submission of the Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) requested in past decisions and, therefore, urges the State Party to submit these assessments as soon as possible, in conformity with the ICOMOS Guidance on HIAs for Cultural World Heritage properties, with a specific section focusing on the potential impact of the project on the OUV, and to include an analysis of the scale and a clear explanation on how to mitigate any potential impacts of the concerned stations;
  5. Reiterates its request to the State Party to finalize the process for updating the Master Plan for the Historic Centre of Lima and ensure its approval as soon as possible to enable the integral protection of all the components of the property;
  6. Welcomes the invitation by the State Party of a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Advisory mission to provide technical assistance regarding the issues concerning the management and conservation of the property;
  7. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2018, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session in 2019.
Report year: 2017
Peru
Date of Inscription: 1988
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iv)
Documents examined by the Committee
SOC Report by the State Party
Report (2016) .pdf
Report (2016) .pdf
arrow_circle_right 41COM (2017)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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