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Historic Centre of Lima

Peru
Factors affecting the property in 2019*
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Housing
  • Management activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Fires in 1998 and 2001 (issue resolved)
  • Management systems/ management plan (formalization of the procedures to set up a Management Coordination Unit to implement the Strategic Plan; revision of the Master and Strategic Plans)
  • Housing
  • New development projects within the Historic Centre including urban transportation systems (Corredor Segregado and subway system) and interventions in historical buildings
  • Ground transport infrastructure (development of the cable car project for tourism purposes)
  • Management activities (unsuitable interventions)
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2019
Requests approved: 4 (from 1989-2013)
Total amount approved : 94,500 USD
Missions to the property until 2019**

1994: Systematic monitoring report UNDP/UNESCO; August 1998: expert mission; March-April 2003: ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; January 2010: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; October 2017: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Advisory mission

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019

On 5 March 2019, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property, a summary of which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/500/documents/. Progress in a number of conservation issues addressed by the Committee at its previous sessions is presented, as follows:

  • A new proposal is being developed by the Ministry of Trade and Tourism (MINCETUR) to construct a cable car to the Cerro San Cristobal in the Municipality of Rimac, differently from what was previously reported by the State Party in 2017. The Metropolitan Municipality of Lima has indicated that visual impact and mitigation studies, as well as a Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA), need to be submitted to the Ministry of Culture for evaluation and advice before further development of the project. In due time, the State Party will submit the project to the World Heritage Centre, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines;
  • Regarding the High Capacity Segregated Corridor, the Metropolitan Institute PROTRANSPORTE will undertake HIAs for Colmena Station (located within the property) and Ramon Castilla, Quilca and Central Stations (located in the buffer zone) and identify impacts and mitigation measures. Once available, the studies will be submitted to the World Heritage Centre;
  • The new Master Plan and the corresponding Administrative Regulations were completed after two years of inter-institutional work, taking into account the Historic Urban Landscape approach and the advice from the 2017 Advisory mission. Both documents have the favourable opinion of the Ministry of Culture and are now in the process of being approved through municipal ordinance;
  • A technical cooperation with the Inter-American Development Bank will define the parameters and feasibility of a programme for the revitalization of historical centres in Peru (Lima, Arequipa, Trujillo and Ayacucho);
  • The construction of metro stations of lines 2 and 3 will require HIAs. Once completed these will be submitted to the World Heritage Centre, as per Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines.

Other issues are reported, such as the presence of clandestine interventions in historic buildings, the potential impact of wholesale trade and street markets, and the need to improve risk preparedness in the property in order to face El Niño and climate change threats. All issues were taken into account in the elaboration of the new Master Plan and are expected to be addressed with its implementation.

On 29 April 2019, the State Party informed the World Heritage Centre about a fire that occurred on 19 April 2019 in the block known as Mesa Redonda, located in the property’s buffer zone. The national authorities reported that there were no significant impacts on buildings of heritage value and that a detailed assessment to determine necessary remediation measures is underway.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2019

It is noted with concern that yet another project for a cable car to the top of the Cerro San Cristobal in Rimac is being developed. The State Party should be urged to consider the Committee’s observations and recommendations expressed in its previous decisions and strictly apply the orientations provided by PROLIMA that require a HIA to be undertaken and formal approval by the Ministry of Culture before the project is fully developed. The studies should be submitted to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies.

As for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor, since 2009, the World Heritage Committee has expressed its concern about the potential threats the project poses to the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, which have remained, for the past 10 years, largely unaddressed. It is therefore recommended that the Committee note with deep regret that the HIAs of the project’s stations in the property and buffer zone remain pending despite its repeated requests. Capacity-building activities regarding the training of local staff in the elaboration of HIAs should be prioritized.

The 2017 mission reviewed the final draft of the Master Plan for the Historical Centre of Lima 2018-2028 and issued a comprehensive set of recommendations for its finalization. The finalization of the Master Plan is welcomed as an important achievement. ICOMOS is undertaking an extensive technical review of the final version of the Master Plan, and so the State Party should be requested to consider its views and include its recommendations in the final revised version of the Plan, before submitting it to municipal approval. Afterwards, coordination between the Municipality of Rimac, the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima, and with all stakeholders should be ensured in the implementation phase, including through the continuation of the thematic Working Groups and the creation of an autonomous unit responsible for the management of the entire property.

While considerable progress can be noted in the management, there remain unaddressed conservation issues and areas with significant problems within the property, as noted the 2017 mission. Living conditions, infrastructure, security and unsuitable interventions remain of great concern. Especially the Convent of San Francisco de Lima, one of the key attributes of the property, has suffered unauthorized interventions that have provoked irreversible damage. According to official sources reported during the 2017 mission, these interventions involved intentional demolitions (including chapels, cloisters, and cells), repairs of tiles, altarpieces and paintings without following conservation principles, and the destruction of coffered ceilings and pavements. As for public spaces and urban design, regulations should be developed for the use of street pavements, and stratigraphic research should be carried out on the facades.

A complex transportation system (above and underground) is being implemented. This includes six metro lines (line 1 is completed and lines 2 and 3 are under preparation) and an important road upgrading project (the Linea Amarilla). It should be stressed that all components of this system located within the boundaries of the property and its buffer zone will require studies that include HIAs. Detailed proposals of lines 2 and 3 stations, including their surface and surroundings, as well as risk prevention measures, should be requested from the State Party.

Finally, it should be noted that the 2017 mission report contains a substantive set of recommendations on the institutional arrangements for the management of the property, rehabilitation interventions, and a possible minor boundary modification to include within the property’s boundaries a number of monuments that are currently located in its buffer zone. It is recommended that the Committee strongly invite the State Party to implement all the recommendations of the mission.

The fire of 19 April 2019 in the buffer zone reported by the State Party highlights the importance of implementing fully the updated Master Plan for the property, and ensuring that disaster risk management continues to form a priority for the authorities involved in the property’s conservation and management.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2019
43 COM 7B.102
Historic Centre of Lima (Peru) (C 500bis)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/19/43.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 41 COM 7B.64, adopted at its 41st session (Krakow, 2017),
  3. Appreciates the efforts of the State Party to address the recommendations of the Committee and of the 2017 Advisory mission, and strongly invites the State Party to consider and comprehensively implement the set of recommendations of the 2017 Advisory mission;
  4. Regrets that a new project is being developed for a cable car at the Cerro San Cristobal, and urges the State Party to undertake a Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA), including visual impact and mitigation studies, and submit these once available, to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  5. Notes with deep regret that in despite of its repeated requests, the State Party did not submit HIAs for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor;
  6. Notes that a complex transportation system is being implemented and may have a considerable impact on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, and reiterates its request that appropriate HIAs be undertaken for all components located within the property or its buffer zone, and submitted to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies once they become available, particularly regarding:
    1. The High Capacity Segregated Corridor stations of Colmena, Ramon Castilla, Quilca and Central,
    2. The stations of Metro Lines 2 and 3,
    3. The Linea Amarilla road upgrading and extension;
  7. Welcomes the completion of the Master Plan 2018-2028 and requests the State Party that its formal approval be ensured while incorporating, in a final revised version of the Plan, the recommendations from the ICOMOS technical review;
  8. Recommends the State Party to ensure coordination with the Municipalities concerned and all stakeholders, in the implementation phase of the Master Plan and that an autonomous unit responsible for the management of the entire property be created;
  9. Expresses its most serious concern about inappropriate interventions in the highly emblematic Convent of San Francisco and further urges the State Party to take the necessary measures to correct and/or mitigate them;
  10. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 45th session in 2021.
Draft Decision: 43 COM 7B.102

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/19/43.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 41 COM 7B.64, adopted at its 41st session (Krakow, 2017),
  3. Appreciates the efforts of the State Party to address the recommendations of the Committee and of the 2017 Advisory mission, and strongly invites the State Party to consider and comprehensively implement the set of recommendations of the 2017 Advisory mission;
  4. Regrets that a new project is being developed for a cable car at the Cerro San Cristobal, and urges the State Party to undertake a Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA), including visual impact and mitigation studies, and submit these once available, to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  5. Notes with deep regret that in despite of its repeated requests, the State Party did not submit HIAs for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor;
  6. Notes that a complex transportation system is being implemented and may have a considerable impact on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, and reiterates its request that appropriate HIAs be undertaken for all components located within the property or its buffer zone, and submitted to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies once they become available, particularly regarding:
    1. The High Capacity Segregated Corridor stations of Colmena, Ramon Castilla, Quilca and Central,
    2. The stations of Metro Lines 2 and 3,
    3. The Linea Amarilla road upgrading and extension;
  7. Welcomes the completion of the Master Plan 2018-2028 and requests the State Party that its formal approval be ensured while incorporating, in a final revised version of the Plan, the recommendations from the ICOMOS technical review;
  8. Recommends the State Party to ensure coordination with the Municipalities concerned and all stakeholders, in the implementation phase of the Master Plan and that an autonomous unit responsible for the management of the entire property be created;
  9. Expresses its most serious concern about inappropriate interventions in the highly emblematic Convent of San Francisco and further urges the State Party to take the necessary measures to correct and/or mitigate them;
  10. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 45th session in 2021.
Report year: 2019
Peru
Date of Inscription: 1988
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iv)
Documents examined by the Committee
SOC Report by the State Party
Report (2019) .pdf
arrow_circle_right 43COM (2019)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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