1.         Historic Centre of Lima (Peru) (C 500ter)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1988

Criteria  (iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/500/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1989-2013)
Total amount approved: USD 94,500
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/500/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

1994: Systematic monitoring report UNDP/UNESCO; March-April 2003: reactive monitoring mission ICOMOS; January 2010: WHC / ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports



Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/500/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2013

The World Heritage Centre received the state of conservation report on 12 March 2013 in response to the requests made by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011). The draft retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value has been finalized by the State Party.

a)         Regulatory framework and policies for the Historic Centre

The State Part reports that several legal tools have been approved and are in the process of approval for the Historic Centre. The four Municipal Ordinances and one City Hall Resolution include the creation of a Management Office for Urban renewal, provisions for zoning and for location of urban activities, and the establishment of building heights, among others. It also reports that there is a project to update the Master Plan of the Historic Centre which should be concluded by May 2013.

b)         Management system

The State Party indicates that the Framework Agreement for Interinstitutional cooperation between the Ministry of Culture and the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima was signed on July 2012. This is expected to ensure that appropriate mechanisms are in place to coordinate conservation and management actions at the property. An additional cooperation agreement between the Municipality of Lima, the Municipality of Cusco and the Municipality of Arequipa is foreseen to create a network of World Heritage Cities in Peru to strengthen regulatory frameworks and ensure adequate conservation of the properties. The State Party also mentioned in its report the Project to integrate the Lima Workshop School Project of the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) to the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima to contribute to the social, economic and cultural development of the Historic Centre. No further information is provided on how the management system is expected to function.

c)         Projects at the property

The State Party reported that no project is planned with regard to a creation of a commercial centre in Rimac.

i. Linea Amarilla project

The Linea Amarilla project includes the design, construction, operation and maintenance of existing and new urban roads to improve transport and mobility at Lima. The Linea Amarilla Expressway is a multimodal road corridor and entails the construction of 9 km of new roads that will connect to the existing Via de Evitamiento and with a tunnel that will cross under the Rimac River. The tunnel option was selected in order to preserve the characteristics of the monument area at this sector and to avoid potential negative impacts on this portion of the inscribed World Heritage property. Works started in January 2012 and are expected to be finalized in 2015.

ii. Urban renewal project for Monserrate

The State Party reports this project part of the Municipal Urban Renewal Programme which focuses on revitalizing sectors of the historic centre, in this case at the buffer zone, for social housing and development (88 housing units, 6 training workshops, commercial and administrative spaces).  Technical specifications were included for the project and no impact is foreseen on the World Heritage property.

iii. Plaza de Acho project

The project focuses on the restoration and improvement of the infrastructure of the plaza, the museum, and the restaurant in order to make the place a touristic destination. Only the outline of the project has been submitted for consideration by the Ministry of Culture so it has not been granted approval for implementation.

iv. Station at Jirón de la Unión and High Capacity Segregated Corridor

The State Party reports that technical criteria have been established to minimize the visual impact of the built station for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor on the heritage buildings located nearby. The observations made have been taken into account and actions were implemented so that the station now allows for maximum transparency and a minimum degree of intervention.  In addition, the State Party informs that the Metropolitan Municipality of Lima has not developed alternative plans or additional studies for transport systems for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor.

v. Electric Train of Lima

The State Party reports that the initial project presented in October 2011 by the Autonomous Authority of the Electric Train was rejected by the Ministry of Culture since it entailed impacts to heritage buildings, the proposed infrastructure was not coherent with the surrounding urban environment and the monumental zone, and did not comply with existing Municipal Ordinances and regulatory measures. A revised project consisting in a complete proposal for an electric mass-transit system for Lima and Callao sector was submitted in 2012 and included the conservation of historic buildings as well as revised designs for the proposed infrastructure. The revised projects were approved by the Ministry of Culture in December 2012 and governed by Law 28253. Its implementation and operation are carried out by the Autonomous Authority of the Electric Train (AATE).

vi. Cable Car project

The State Party reports that a new project proposal “Teléferico de Lima” for the cable car was presented in May 2012. The initial route has been revised and the Ministry of Culture made technical observations to the project proposal in November 2012. These related to the proposed constructions at the hill, which need to take into account the existing topography to integrate with the natural landscape and the modifications that needed to be made to Tower 2 which could create strong visual impacts given its height and design. In January 2013 a revised project was submitted which addressed the previously made technical observations; the project was approved by the Ministry of Culture on February 2013. The requested information should be submitted to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note the progress made by the State Party in the implementation of the recommendations made by the World Heritage Committee and the 2010 reactive monitoring mission to the property. Legal tools and regulatory frameworks have been enhanced so decision-making processes in regard to conservation and management of the property is expected to improve. The finalisation and implementation of the updated Master Plan, along with the continued coordination among different institutions, will be an important step in ensuring the long-term sustainability of these efforts.

As requested by the Committee, the State Party submitted the legal, technical and graphic information on the different projects currently being implemented within the property and its buffer zone. They note that given the extent of the interventions foreseen, sufficient time should be allocated for the review of large-scale projects, to anticipate potential impacts and identify adequate solutions in consideration to the Outstanding Universal Value of the property.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies are of the view that some of the concerns previously raised have been partially addressed by the State Party. Special attention is required concerning the final implementation of the adjustment of the Jirón de la Unión project and the Cable Car project and the other urban projects which their final layout is not yet evaluated by the Advisory Bodies. The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies will continue working with the municipal and national authorities in the monitoring of activities related to the updating process of the Master Plan. 

Decision Adopted: 37 COM 7B.102

The World Heritage Committee,

1.  Having examined Document WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add,

2.  Recalling Decision 35 COM 7B.134, adopted at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011),

3.  Acknowledges the efforts made by the State Party in the implementation of the recommendations made by the 2010 reactive monitoring mission and encourages it to continue with these efforts, in particular regarding the establishment of a fully functional and resourced management system for the property;

4.  Takes note of large scale projects being implemented and requests the State Party to:

a)  Consider the development of alternative plans for the High Capacity Segregated Corridor, responsive to studies of transportation systems, and develop the adequate heritage impact assessments in the sections that could potentially impact the World Heritage property,

b)  Submit to the World Heritage Centre the final design, technical specifications and precise location of the route, in relation to the inscribed property, for the Cable Car Project, including relevant heritage and visual impact assessments, for review by the Advisory Bodies prior to making any commitment to its implementation by 30 October 2014;

5.  Also requests the State Party to submit three printed and electronic copies of the finalised Master Plan for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;

6.  Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015 , an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the abovementioned requests, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015. 

Decision Adopted: 37 COM 8D

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-13/37.COM/8D,

2. Recalling Decision 36 COM 8D, adopted at its 36th session (Saint Petersburg, 2012),

3. Acknowledges the excellent work accomplished by States Parties in the clarification of the delimitation of their World Heritage properties and thanks them for their efforts to improve the credibility of the World Heritage List;

4. Recalls that the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies will not be able to examine proposals for minor or significant modifications to boundaries of World Heritage properties whenever the delimitation of such properties as inscribed is unclear;

5. Takes note of the clarifications of property boundaries and areas provided by the following States Parties in response to the Retrospective Inventory, as presented in the Annexes of Document WHC-13/37.COM/8D:

6. Requests the States Parties which have not yet answered the questions raised in the framework of the Retrospective Inventory to provide all clarifications and documentation as soon as possible and by 1 December 2013 at the latest.

Decision Adopted: 37 COM 8E

The World Heritage Committee,

1.  Having examined Documents WHC-13/37.COM/8E and WHC-13/37.COM/8E.Add,

2.  Congratulates States Parties for the excellent work accomplished in the elaboration of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in their territories;

3.  Adopts the retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value, as presented in the Annex of Document WHC-13/37.COM/8E, for the following World Heritage properties:

4.  Decides that retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in Danger will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies in priority;

5.  Further decides that, considering the high number of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value to be examined, the order in which they will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies will follow the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting, namely:

6.  Requests the World Heritage Centre to harmonise all sub-headings in the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value where appropriate and when resources and staff time allow to carry out this work;

7.  Also requests the State Parties, Advisory Bodies and World Heritage Centre to ensure the use of gender-neutral language in the Statements proposed for adoption to the World Heritage Committee;

8.  Further requests the World Heritage Centre to keep the adopted Statements in line with subsequent decisions by the World Heritage Committee concerning name changes of World Heritage properties, and to reflect them throughout the text of the Statements, in consultation with States Parties and Advisory Bodies;

9.  Finally requests the States Parties to provide support to the World Heritage Centre for translation of the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value into English or French respectively, and finally requests the Centre to upload these onto its web-pages.