State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Andorra Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Georgia Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Mozambique Nepal Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Syrian Arab Republic Thailand Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(96) Housing(52) Illegal activities(41) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(28) Ground transport infrastructure(24) Management activities(24) Legal framework(23) Land conversion(22) Mining(20) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(16) Financial resources(16) Water infrastructure(15) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(13) Civil unrest(13) Deliberate destruction of heritage(13) Human resources(13) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(12) Oil and gas(9) Water (rain/water table)(9) War(9) Marine transport infrastructure(8) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(8) Governance(8) Solid waste(7) Surface water pollution(7) Flooding(7) Earthquake(7) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(7) Interpretative and visitation facilities(6) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(4) Major linear utilities(4) Forestry /wood production(4) Commercial development(3) Air pollution(3) Crop production(3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(3) Drought(3) Other climate change impacts(3) Storms(3) Invasive / alien freshwater species(3) High impact research / monitoring activities(3) Industrial areas(2) Air transport infrastructure(2) Non-renewable energy facilities(2) Renewable energy facilities(2) Commercial hunting(2) Water (extraction) (2) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(2) Society's valuing of heritage(2) Avalanche/ landslide(2) Fire (widlfires)(2) Underground transport infrastructure(1) Ground water pollution(1) Input of excess energy(1) Pollution of marine waters(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Relative humidity(1) Wind(1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(1) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(1) Desertification(1) Temperature change(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1) Translocated species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).