The State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property on 23 February 2012 in response to the Decision of the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011). The report provides information on progress achieved in addressing unresolved issues facing the property. Several documents in Spanish are annexed to the report, including the terms of reference for updating the Master Plan, a copy of an architectural project, and specifications regarding a proposed infrastructure development for the Western access.
At the time of preparing this report, discussions were ongoing between the State Party, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies regarding the organization of an advisory mission, as noted in Decision 35 COM 7B.38, and the development of the terms of reference for the International Support Panel, which is intended to provide technical advice on the implementation of the Emergency Action Plan developed during the 2009 reinforced monitoring mission.
a) Updating of the Management Plan to define provisions to strategically address unregulated access to the site, public use and urban planning, especially in the Western access
The State Party notes that a decision has been made by the newly reactivated Management Unit for the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (UGM) to update the Master Plan for the property. According to the terms of reference for the process, updating the Plan will take approximately 9 months. The State Party notes that provisions will be included regarding unregulated access, public use and urban planning, but provides no further detail on these.
No information was provided on the current status of the Tourist and Recreation Use Plan or the Public Use Plan, that were reported as in progress since 2010; nor have copies been forwarded for review.
b) Definition of strategies to address the Western access to the property and identify alternatives to the proposed Santa Teresa Road
The State Party reports that negotiations have started with the EGEMSA Company to lease land at Intihuatana to set up a post for the control and permanent surveillance of the Western access. The report indicates that no new proposals have been made for the road to Santa Teresa and that the Supreme Executive Order 026-2011-MTC, which indicates that the road will not enter the property, still stands.
c) Risk reduction and disaster recovery plans, including a clear and precise course of action
The State Party indicates that the Early Alert System for the town of Machu Picchu is expected to be concluded in the spring of 2012. It also notes that coordination has been initiated with INGEMMET and consultants specialized in risk management so that a Contingency Plan can be drafted. No time frame for expected completion has been provided.
d) Harmonization of legislative frameworks and enforcement of regulatory measures
An overview of current legislations and regulations was included in the report submitted by the State Party. The approval of Supreme Executive Order 003-2011-MC, which rules that the UGM is responsible for the implementation of the comprehensive management strategy of the property, is considered as an important tool to harmonize decision-making processes in regard to the management of the property within the mandates of each authority.
e) Inventory of land ownership of the property and enforcement of regulatory measures
The State Party indicates that the registry of population and land titles, a process that started in 2003, continued in 2011 to cover the Choquellusca Sector of San Antonio de Torontoy. No further cadastral information on the property or the buffer zone was provided or additional data regarding the enforcement of regulatory measures.
f) Strengthening of decision-making processes and governance at the property
The State Party notes that the reactivation of the Management Unit is positive for the improvement of management operations within the property. A Technical Committee has also been functioning to address technical and management issues, such as the drafting of terms of reference to update the Master Plan.
g) Other issues
The State Party report also includes information about other activities implemented as part of the Institutional Operating Plan. These include preservation of cultural heritage through maintenance and conservation, archaeological research, monitoring etc. It indicates that the implementation of the Comprehensive Machu Picchu Project is expected to begin in 2012. The objective of this project is to propose alternate visitation routes and visits to other sites which are historically and spatially integrated with the property.
Throughout 2011 and early 2012, the World Heritage Centre received several notifications that the established carrying capacity of 2500 visitors per day had been exceeded on numerous occasions. In the working proceedings of the UGM Management Unit, the Vice Ministry of Tourism had indicated that a carrying capacity study, commissioned by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism (Mincetur) and funded by the World Bank, has indicated that there can be 2,200 tourists simultaneously at the property at any given time. The minutes further notes that, with some improvements in the existing visitation routes, this number could easily be doubled. The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies brought to the attention of the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session that the commissioned studies, included in the 2011 state of conservation report, provided questionable technical arguments to increase carrying capacity at the property.