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The International Protection of Landscapes meeting was organized by UNESCO and the International Traditional Knowledge Institute and held in Florence, Italy from 19 to 21 September to mark the 40th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention. The Florence Declaration on Landscape 2012 was produced during the session.
Cultural heritage is an evolving historical category subject to constant revision over time. In forty years the UNESCO convention has afforded a continuous conceptual reflection and an enormous amount of experiences that have involved scientists and experts of the entire world. The evolution has gone from considering heritage as a work of art independent of its context, an original outcome of individual ingenuity, to viewing a monument as a choral architectural achievement. The participants examined this evolution and the Florence Declaration was a direct result of this event.