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State of Conservation (SOC)

Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley

Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley
  Afghanistan
Date of Inscription: 2003
Nomination records (Year): 1982, 2003
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
Danger List: Yes
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Threats*
  • Civil unrest
  • Illegal activities
  • Other Threats:

    a) Risk of imminent collapse of the Giant Buddha nichesb) Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintingse) Anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordinances (i.e. munitions).

Inscription on the Danger List
Year: 2003
Threats to the Site:

The Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger at the 27th session of the World Heritage Committee simultaneously with its inscription on the World Heritage List. The property is in a fragile state of conservation considering that it has suffered from abandonment, military action and dynamite explosions. The major dangers include: risk of imminent collapse of the Buddha niches with the remaining fragments of the statues, further deterioration of still existing mural paintings in the caves, looting and illicit excavation. Parts of the site are inaccessible due to the presence of antipersonnel mines.



* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.