State of Conservation (SOC)
Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (2001)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:142,000USD
|2000||Préparation d’un dossier d'inscription du site de l’Aïr et du ...||15,000 USD|
|1999||Financial support for the implementation of the emergency ...||75,000 USD|
|1999|| Action plan for the implementation of Urgent rehabilitation ...
Reapproval: 04 Sep, 2000 (n°1320 - 12,000 USD)
|1999|| Action plan for the implementation of Urgent rehabilitation ...
Reapproval: 01 Mar, 2001 (n°1341 - 20,000 USD)
|1999||National Sensitising Seminar for the Personnel Charged with ...||20,000 USD|
September-October 1998: World Heritage Centre / IUCN mission; March 2001: mission for a rapid evaluation of the fauna
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Armed conflict (issue resolved);
- Decline in wildlife populations;
- Need to update the emergency rehabilitation plan
Current conservation issues
Rehabilitation of rebel impacted areas; wildlife and other surveys to assess achievements of rehabilitation plan being implemented; staff training and infrastructure development. Development of conservation projects in co-operation with donors and partners.
As reported to the last Bureau, an amount of US$ 20,000 approved by the Chairperson was used to organize a workshop for members of the local Committee for the development and the management of the site in Iferouan, Niger from 19-24 September 2001 in which the Centre was represented. A “Feasibility and modality study on the project for the reintroduction of Red necked Ostriches for Aïr and Ténéré”, prepared with the assistance of National Wildlife Research Centre in Saudi Arabia, has been completed.
A mission for rapid evaluation of fauna in Aïr and Ténéré, financed by the World Heritage Fund contributions for the implementation of the emergency rehabilitation plan approved by the Committee at its twenty-third session in 1999, was undertaken from 5 – 27 March 2001. IUCN reviewed a copy of the Rapid Wildlife Assessment Report for Aïr and Ténéré Natural Reserves and made the following observations on the findings of the report:
The principle species of large mammals had recovered to viable levels similar to those seen before the war, except for the ostrich, which had totally disappeared, and the gazelle which was rarely seen during the assessment mission in March 2001. IUCN notes that despite the recovery of many species, the overall state of conservation of the site remains threatened and has highlighted the following recommendations of the Report: (a) restart and strengthen surveillance activities; (b) establish regulations on tourist activities; (c) create a breeding centre for large Sahel-Saharan mammals and ostrich, with a view to reintroduce individuals and strengthen conservation of wild populations; (d) develop a wildlife census system to include the participation of stakeholders; and (e) develop reliable survey techniques for estimating the addax population.
IUCN notes that the ostrich in Aïr and Ténéré is a North African sub species and is now found as a viable population only in Chad. IUCN believes that it is important to re-introduce the ostrich selecting individuals from the population in Chad as other sub-species of ostrich may not adapt to the specific conditions in Niger. Re-introduction is vital for generating benefits for the local community in the long-term as they will be able to undertake breeding programmes and make a living from the utilisation of the ostrich population and its products.
IUCN strongly supports the report’s recommendations and has suggested that the Committee invite the State Party to implement the recommendations of the Rapid Wildlife Assessment Report. Furthermore, IUCN believes that the State Party could obtain valuable advice on ostrich re-introduction programmes from the ostrich specialist group of IUCN’s Species Survival Commission (SSC). IUCN considers that the establishment of the ostrich and addax (gazelle) populations of Aïr and Ténéré is likely to take several years and the site may have to be retained in the List of World Heritage in Danger until then.
The IUCN Office in Niger has informed the Centre that the Fonds Francais de l’Environment Mondiale (FFEM) has initiated a 5-year programme of support for equipment and the reintroduction of species. This programme is being implemented in co-operation with the “Direction Nationale de la Faune” and the IUCN Office in Niamey. Within the framework of a GEF programme concerned with the “Biodiversity of Sahara”, UNDP and IUCN, Niamey, are also assisting with the implementation of selected aspects of rehabilitation and species reintroduction as well as the establishment of a data base for monitoring. IUCN Niamey is playing a wide-ranging support role in the development of a range of co-operative initiatives with other donors and assisting the Government of Niger to effectively conserve this important site.
The Centre, in accordance with the recommendation of the twenty-fifth session of the Bureau in June 2001, has transmitted letters of appreciation to FFEM, Swiss Department of Technical Co-operation and DANIDA for their support to develop several conservation projects for this site.
Analysis and Conclusion
The Committee may wish to adopt the following:
"The Committee notes IUCN observations concerning the long duration required for the recovery of the ostrich and the gazelle populations in this site and the possibility that the site may have to be retained in the List of World Heritage in Danger until such time when the recovery of these species are sustained. Nevertheless, the Committee expresses its satisfaction with the efforts of the State Party to implement the rehabilitation plan and generate wide-ranging donor support for the conservation of the site. The Committee invites the State Party to consider adopting and implementing the recommendations of the Rapid Wildlife Assessment Report and reiterates the recommendation of the Bureau that the evaluation of the outcome of the rehabilitation plan be delayed until 2002 in order to give the State Party sufficient time to implement specific projects and programmes. The Committee decides to retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger".
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992
Detailed List of SOC reports
Decline in wildlife populations
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1992
Threats to the Site:
The region having recently suffered from military conflict and civil disturbance, the Government of Niger asked the Director- General of UNESCO to launch an appeal for the protection of the site, which was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1991. Six members of the Reserve staff were being held as hostages since February 1992 and, in compliance with the request of Niger's Permanent Delegation to UNESCO, the Committee decided to inscribe the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).