State of Conservation (SOC)
Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (1995)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:0USD
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Armed conflict
Current conservation issues
The Bureau recalled at its nineteenth session that the site was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992 as it was affected by civil disturbances and its staff held hostage. The World Heritage Committee at its eighteenth session took note that a peace accord was signed on 9 October 1994 and encouraged the authorities to implement it and to undertake all efforts to safeguard the site. The Centre, in cooperation with the authorities of Niger, sent a mission to review the protected area system of Niger and to prepare the nomination of a natural site. One of the results of this mission was a preliminary report on the Air-et-Tenere World Heritage site. It indicated that due to a number of different factors (historical, socio-economic and political), armed conflict developed over the last years (Tuareg minority against the State). A major degradation of the site was noted, including poaching. In 1995, however, a dialogue was established between the two parties, which has paved the way for a return to a normal situation and may allow for a detailed evaluation of the state of conservation of the site, and examine how the World Heritage Fund could contribute to the action programme for the recovery of the site.
An IUCN project is under way to assist in re-establishing the management regime. The Ambassador of Niger underlined that his Government is now taking every step to enhance the management of the site and wishes, as soon as all conditions are met, that a mission be sent to the site, in cooperation with the World Heritage Centre. However, given the fact that IUCN is carrying out a project at the site, the Centre sees no necessity to field a mission at the present time.
Analysis and Conclusion
The Bureau may wish to examine the report provided by IUCN on the site and may wish to consider whether the site should continue to be placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Link to the decision
VII.8 Air-et-Tenere Reserve (Niger)
The Committee recalled that at the request of the Niger authorities, the site was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992 as it was affected by civil disturbances. A Peace Accord was signed in October 1994.
The Delegate of Niger took the floor and recommended that an evaluation mission be organized to review the situation at the site.
Meanwhile, the Committee decided that the site would remain on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The situation will be reviewed by the Committee at its twentieth session in the light of information provided by the mission.
The Bureau recommends the Committee to examine the information contained in the working document and the oral report provided by the Secretariat/advisory body. The Bureau recommends the Committee to adopt the following:
"The Committee decided that the site should remain on the List of World Heritage in Danger for another year and that the situation be reviewed at its twentieth session."
However, the Bureau recommended the Committee, before taking this decision, to give the Delegate of Niger the opportunity to provide new information on the situation at the site.
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Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1992
Threats to the Site:
The region having recently suffered from military conflict and civil disturbance, the Government of Niger asked the Director- General of UNESCO to launch an appeal for the protection of the site, which was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1991. Six members of the Reserve staff were being held as hostages since February 1992 and, in compliance with the request of Niger's Permanent Delegation to UNESCO, the Committee decided to inscribe the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).