State of Conservation
Historic Areas of Istanbul
Factors affecting the property in 2000*
- Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
- Management activities
- Management systems/ management plan
- Underground transport infrastructure
- Other Threats:
Need to monitor movements which could affect the structure of the building
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Need for information on the Urban development Plan
- Need to monitor the structure of the buildings
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2000
Requests approved: 16
Total amount approved : 437,208 USD
Missions to the property until 2000**
November 1993: expert mission; October 1998: joint UNESCO / ICOMOS monitoring mission; April 1999: World Heritage Centre mission; October-November 2000: UNESCO expert mission
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2000
The State Party, by letter of 2 October from the Permanent Delegate of Turkey to UNESCO, informed the Secretariat that:
Ø the Conservation Plan at 1:5000 scale prepared by the Istanbul Technical University was submitted to the Greater Istanbul Metropolitan Authority and subsequently, on 24 April 2000, to the Istanbul No. 1 Council for the Protection of Cultural Properties for examination.
Ø For Eminonu, the 1:500 scale Conservation Plan, an inventory of monuments located within this municipality was prepared for the first time, and in accordance with Construction Law No. 3194, the views and comments of related public institutions and organs are being sought before submission to the Council for Protection of Cultural Properties for their assessment and approval.
Ø For Fatih, the 1:1000 scale Zeyrek “conservation-oriented construction plan”, the 1:1000 scale “conservation oriented urban design plan”, the 1:500 scale Molla Zeyrek Mosque and urban design project as well as proposals based on the 1:200 scale analysis on the present state of conservation of this World Heritage protected area together with recommendations on the future physical and functional improvements have been prepared and submitted to the Greater Istanbul Metropolitan Authority. Upon receipt of their endorsement, these plans concerning Zeyrek will be forwarded to the Istanbul Council for Protection of Cultural Properties.
In August, the Secretariat received information from several non-governmental organizations and Turkish conservation experts expressing concern over the impact of the on-going extension of the underground transport system on the cultural heritage of Istanbul. In September, the State Party was requested to respond to these concerns and ICOMOS was requested to carry out a reactive monitoring mission to carry out a technical assessment. To support the process of finalizing the conservation plan of Istanbul, a UNESCO expert mission is scheduled to take place from 29 October – 5 November 2000 to confer with the national and local authorities of the State Party.
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2000
State of conservation reports of cultural properties which the Committee noted
VIII.35 Brasilia (Brazil)
Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian (China)
The Potala Palace, Lhasa (China)
VIII.36 Islamic Cairo (Egypt)
VIII.37 Roman Monuments, Cathedral St Peter and Liebfrauen-Church in Trier (Germany)
Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin (Germany)
Classical Weimar (Germany)
Hortabagy National Park (Hungary)
VIII.38 Khajuraho Group of Monuments (India) Sun Temple of Konarak (India) Petra (Jordan) Luang Prabang (Lao People's Democratic Republic) Byblos (Lebanon) Ksar Ait Ben Haddou (Morocco) VIII.39 Island of Mozambique (Mozambique) Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (Nepal) Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo - San Lorenzo (Panama) Archaeological Site of Chavin (Peru) VIII.40 Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Philippines)
VIII.38 Khajuraho Group of Monuments (India)
Sun Temple of Konarak (India)
Luang Prabang (Lao People's Democratic Republic)
Ksar Ait Ben Haddou (Morocco)
VIII.39 Island of Mozambique (Mozambique)
Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (Nepal)
Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo - San Lorenzo (Panama)
Archaeological Site of Chavin (Peru)
VIII.40 Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Philippines)
VIII.41 Baroque Churches of the Philippines (Philippines)
VIII.42 Cultural Landscape of Sintra (Portugal)
VIII.43 Istanbul (Turkey)
Complex of Hué Monuments (Vietnam)
The Bureau may wish to examine additional information that will be provided at the time of its session and take the appropriate decision thereupon.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).