State of Conservation (SOC)
Historic Areas of Istanbul
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Ap proved: 377,208USD
|1999||Completion of the documentation of the buildings and monuments ...||35,208 USD|
|1999||Historic Areas of Istanbul, Turkey||8,000 USD|
|1999||Exhibition on Hagia Sophia, Istanbul||5,000 USD|
|1998||Historic Areas of Istanbul, Turkey||5,000 USD|
|1998||Conservation work of the mosaics at Hagia Sophia, Istanbul||50,000 USD|
|1998||Technical co-operation for the “House of Fatih Inhabitants” ...||30,000 USD|
|1998||Historic Areas of Istanbul, Turkey||5,000 USD|
|1994||Historic Areas of Istanbul - Restoration of the mosaics of ...||80,000 USD|
|1994||Restoration of the mosaics of Aghia Sophia, Istanbul||30,000 USD|
|1994||Purchase of material and funding of international experts for the ...||20,000 USD|
|1992||Carrying out analytical studies on materials and structures ...|
|1991||Restoration works of the mosaics of the dome of St Sophia in ...||20,000 USD|
|1987||Equipment for Istanbul||30,000 USD|
|1987||Contribution to a training course on wood and stone conservation ...||12,000 USD|
|1986||Training and equipment for the safeguarding of Istanbul||47,000 USD|
November 1993: expert mission; October 1998: joint UNESCO / ICOMOS monitoring mission; April 1999: World Heritage Centre mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Need for information on the Urban development Plan
- Need to monitor the structure of the buildings
Current conservation issues
World Heritage Bureau, sixteenth session - Chapter VI 44
World Heritage Committee, sixteenth session - Chapter VIII 2
World Heritage Bureau, seventeenth session - Chapter VIII.3
World Heritage Bureau, eighteenthextraordinary session - Chapter IV.1
World Heritage Committee, eighteenth session - Chapter IX. 22
World Heritage Bureau, twenty-first extraordinary session – Chapter III.C
World Heritage Committee, twenty-first session -Chapter VII 55
World Heritage Bureau, twenty-second session - Chapter V 67
World Heritage Bureau, twenty-second extraordinary session - Chapter III C
World Heritage Committee, twenty-second session - Chapter VII.43
World Heritage Bureau, twenty-third session - Chapter IV.85.2
New information: Following the request of the Bureau at its twenty-third extraordinary session, the State Party submitted a brief report on the state of conservation focused on the World Heritage area of Zeyrek, Fatih District. The report indicated that in accordance with the “Protection and Conservation of Fatih Historical Environment Protocol” signed by the Municipality of Fatih and the Ministry of Culture, the Municipal authorities signed with the Istanbul Governate the “ Fatih, Zeyrek Urban Planning and Street Rehabilitation Protocol”. These protocols govern the provision of technical support and financial assistance under “investment programmes allocation” for urban heritage conservation in the Zeyrek area. An amount of one billion Turkish Lira (approximately US$ 250,000) has been allocated for 1999 for works to be carried out under the technical control of the Ministry of Culture. The Municipality has reported that the conservation plan is under elaboration in co-operation with universities, NGOs and private sector sponsors.
Furthermore, the Municipality has indicated that following the earthquake of 17 August 1999, the Ministry of Public Works and Housing has halted all construction plans and licenses for the Istanbul region pending the completion of on-going planning studies. With regard to the earthquake damage, the Secretariat was informed by independent sources that the areas under World Heritage protection in Istanbul have not been affected by this tragedy, although some cracks have been noted in some parts of the restored section of the Byzantine Rampart.
Following the mission undertaken by a World Heritage Centre staff and an independent structural engineer in April 1999, two co-operation projects have been developed in close co-operation with ICOMOS Turkey experts. Mimar University will be updating the cadastral plan and carrying out a survey on the rehabilitation needs of Zeyrek, partially supported from the World Heritage Fund’s 1999 budget under state of conservation (US$5,500). Istanbul Technical University has developed a 2-year project to update the architectural and urban heritage inventory of the entire historic peninsula of Istanbul. Request for financial support from the Fund for an amount of US$58,276 has been submitted through the State Party for this activity. The Secretariat’s recommendation to revise this project to focus more on the inventory work necessary for the elaboration of the 1/5000 scale conservation plan to be adopted by Greater Istanbul, as required under law, has been supported by ICOMOS, and is presented for Committee approval under international assistance. To support the efforts of Greater Istanbul and the Ministry of Culture, the Centre has obtained the expert services of a French urbanist under the France-UNESCO Agreement for the Protection and Development of Monumental and Urban Heritage, who is scheduled to undertake a mission to Istanbul in November 1999. At the time of reporting, the project for the Rehabilitation of the Historic Quarters of Fatih, prepared by the Centre in 1997-98 and approved by the European Union for a US$ 7.7 million contribution had not yet started, reportedly due to delays in the issuance of public tenders to identify the implementing agency.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
X.46 The Committee noted the decisions of the twenty-third extraordinary session of the Bureau as reflected in the Report of the Bureau session (Working Document WHC-99/CONF.209/6) and included in Annex VIII of this report on the following properties:
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis (Argentina and Brazil)
The Jesuit Mission of Santa Ana (Argentina)
The Potala Palace, Lhasa (China)
City of Quito (Ecuador)
The Delegate of Ecuador informed the Committee that the volcano Pichincha had erupted on 5 October and November 26 1999 and that the National Institute for Cultural Heritage (INPC) and the Municipality of Quito had taken preventive measures to protect the population and the monuments.
Historic Centre of Tallin (Estonia)
Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (France)
Roman Monuments, Cathedral and Liebfrauen Church in Trier (Germany)
Ashanti Traditional Buildings (Ghana)
Churches and Convents of Goa (India)
Luang Prabang (Laos)
Island of Mozambique (Mozambique)
Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (Nepal)
The Observer of HMG of Nepal assured the Committee that the conservation of the Maya Devi Temple would be undertaken following international conservation norms prescribed by the World Heritage Convention. He informed the Committee that HMG of Nepal would be grateful to receive expert suggestions from UNESCO concerning the draft conceptual design for the Maya Devi Temple conservation work, as such advice would be a guideline for elaborating the details of the design under preparation. The Observer assured the Committee that the designs for the works at Maya Devi Temple, once completed, would be transmitted to UNESCO, as assured by HMG of Nepal. The Observer informed the Committee that a technical cooperation request for the organization of an international technical meeting to discuss the proposed project for the conservation, restoration, and presentation of the Maya Devi Temple, would be submitted, following the request of the Bureau at its twenty-third session.
Archaeological Site of Chavin (Peru)
City of Cuzco (Peru)
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Philippines)
The Observer of the Philippines assured the Committee that the long-term integrated development plan of the site, including a tourism development plan for the site, would be submitted in due course to UNESCO, preferably before 15 September 2000. To ensure that the authenticity and sustainable conservation of this fragile site is maintained, the Observer stated that his Government would avail of the generous offer of the Committee to provide technical expertise under the World Heritage Fund.
Auschwitz Concentration Camp (Poland)
The Sokkuram Grotto and Pulguksa Temple (Republic of Korea)
Alhambra, Generalife and Albaycin, Grenada (Spain)
Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey)
The Observer of Turkey thanked the Bureau for the sympathies expressed for the victims of the earthquake this year. The Observer stated that Istanbul is the only one among the nine World Heritage sites in Turkey located in the region impacted by the August 1999 earthquake. While the damage can only be measured over time, initial assessment has noted minor cracks in several historic monuments including the Hagia Sophia, and four museums. Severe cracks have, however, been noted in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum, the conservation laboratory which is housed in an historic monument, in two historic library buildings, and in more than ten tombs as well as in the city walls (ramparts). The Committee was informed that the impact report of the second earthquake (in November 1999) on World Heritage sites had not been received by the Ministry of Culture of Turkey from its regional offices. The Observer said that a detailed report would be submitted to the Committee through the Secretariat as soon as it is completed.
With regard to the urban conservation plan of the historic peninsula of Istanbul, the Observer informed the Committee that the 1/5000 scale plan has just been completed and submitted to the Greater Istanbul Council and upon approval, will be transmitted to the Regional Conservation Council for clearance. As soon as this is officially approved, the 1/1000 scale plan will be prepared for the Fatih and Eminonu municipalities. In addition, the 1/500 scale detailed conservation plan for the Zeyrek district prepared by Istanbul Technical University, which was co-funded by the World Heritage Fund is about to be completed, and will be submitted to the Fatih Municipality for approval. The Observer thanked the UNESCO World Heritage Centre for having mobilized international support for the conservation of Istanbul's urban heritage, and in this regard, expressed particular appreciation for the financial support extended by the European Commission and the Government of France.
The Observer concluded her intervention by saying that due to the need to finance earthquake rehabilitation activities, the budget of all government services had been severely cut, including that of the Ministry of Culture. While on-going joint conservation projects with the municipalities of Istanbul will be continued, no expansion in the area of work or additional activities will be possible for 2000.
The Delegate of Greece called upon the Committee to provide support to Turkey in the rehabilitation of the earthquake damage. In this regard, she recalled her statement at the twenty-third extraordinary session of the Bureau, which pointed to the need to prioritize the object of international support in view of the vast conservation needs of the Istanbul World Heritage area. The Chairperson, in his personal capacity stated that this spirit of collaboration and solidarity expressed by Greece in favour of Turkey was a demonstration of the spirit of the World Heritage Convention.
Link to the decision
The Committee examined and approved the following 14 requests for international assistance for cultural heritage for a total of US$ 694,348, which had been recommended by the Bureau:
3.AFRICA(c).I REGIONAL Training assistance
US$ 80,000 requested US$ 80,000 approved
The Committee approved US$ 80,000 for this training activity in the sub-Saharan African region bearing in mind that the activity would be implemented by the World Heritage Centre, ICCROM and CRATerreEAG.
3.AFRICA(d).III ZIMBABWE Technical Co-operation
Implementation of a management plan for Khami Ruins
US$ 50,300 requested US$ 50,300 approved
The Committee approved US$ 50,300 for this activity, requesting the National Museums and Monuments of Zimbabwe to support the cost of connectivity of Internet after the year 2000 and to submit to the twenty-fifth session of the Committee, a report on the conservation, monitoring and management activities carried out at Khami in 1999 and 2000.
3.ARAB(c).I SYRIA Training assistance
Seminar on cultural tourism, sustainable development and management of World Heritage sites
US$ 58,000 requested US$ 35,000 approved
The Committee approved US$ 35,000, subject to the State Party reformulating the programme and budget in consultation with ICCROM.
3.ARAB(c).II TUNISIA Training assistance
Training and information international workshop for protecting Carthage
US$ 50,000 requested US$ 40,000 approved
The Committee referred the request, asking the State Party to undertake consultations with ICOMOS and ICCROM for reformulating the proposed activity. The Committee approved US$ 40,000 subject to the State Party reformulating the proposal in close co-operation with the advisory bodies.
3.ARAB(d).I EGPYT Technical Co-operation
Rehabilitation of Islamic Cairo
US$ 100,000 requested US$ 80,000 approved
The Committee decided to approve US$ 80,000, subject to the State Party providing further information on the details of the activities to the Advisory Bodies and approval of a revised budget by the Chairperson of the Committee.
3.ARAB(d).II LEBANON Technical Co-operation
Restoration works for the Monasteries of Ouadi Quadisha and Forest of the Cedars of God
US$ 50,000 requested US$ 35,000 approved
Following the evaluation by IUCN, ICOMOS and ICCROM, the Committee approved US$ 35,000 for the first phase of the activity proposed to take place in year 2000, requesting the State Party to consult IUCN in undertaking the ecological research, and to consult ICOMOS and ICCROM on the international experts to be engaged for this activity.
The Committee recommended that the State Party submit a request for US$ 15,000 for the second phase of the activity in year 2001.
3.ASIA(b).I VIETNAM Emergency assistance
Emergency assistance for Hue & Hoi An, following the floods of November 1999.
US$ 100,000 requested US$ 50,000 approved
The Committee recalled that it had already taken a decision to allocate US$ 50,000 during the agenda item concerning the state of conservation reports. The Committee approved US$ 50,000 to assist the State Party in the rehabilitation works of Hue and Hoi An and for the preparation of a comprehensive emergency rehabilitation programme including risk assessment and mitigation schemes.
3.ASIA(c).II. LAOS Training assistance
Plain of Jars archaeological survey and documentation
US$ 83,055 requested US$ 30,000 approved
The Committee approved US$ 30,000, requesting the State Party to revise the budget in co-operation with the UNESCO Bangkok Office, or to find co-financing from other extrabudgetary sources.
3.ASIA(c).VI UZBEKISTAN Training assistance
Training Workshop in the Preparation of the World Heritage Nomination Files on Urban Heritage Sites
US$ 41,000 requested US$ 30,000 approved
The Committee approved US$ 30,000 for the activity.
XV.7 The Committee noted that the last-minute submissions of international assistance requests resulted in great constraints on the part of the Secretariat and the advisory bodies, and reiterated the need to respect deadlines in submitting requests.
1.EUROPE(c).I HUNGARY Training assistance
ITUC training workshop for Central European Historic Cities managers
US$ 33,840 requested US$ 33,840 approved
1.EUROPE(d).I GEORGIA Technical Co-operation
Study and development of the Mtskheta Heritage and Tourism Master Plan
US$ 35,000 requested US$ 35,000 approved
The Committee approved US$ 35,000, subject to the State Party paying its outstanding dues to the World Heritage Fund for 1998 and 1999.
3.EUROPE(d).IV TURKEY Technical Co-operation
Completion of documentation of the buildings and monuments within the city walls of the Historic Centre of Istanbul site
US$ 58,376 requested US$ 35,208 approved
The Committee noted that the State Party had agreed to the revised budget proposed by the World Heritage Centre, endorsed by ICOMOS and ICCROM.
The Committee therefore approved US$ 35,208.
3.LATIN(b).III MEXICO Emergency assistance
Repair and consolidate Monastery of Tochimilco, Puebla
US$ 100,000 requested US$ 100,000 approved
The Committee approved US$ 100,000 for this activity, subject to the State Party submitting a detailed budget breakdown and clarification and identification on the tasks planned, to be approved by the Chairperson.
3.LATIN(d).I COLOMBIA Technical Co-operation
Integral conservation of Cloister of San Pedro Claver of Cartagena de Indias
US$ 60,000 requested US$ 60,000 approved
The Committee noted that a detailed budget breakdown of the activities to be carried out had been submitted to the Secretariat, which found the information to be sufficient and reasonable.
The Bureau may wish to adopt the following decision and to transmit it to the Committee for noting:
“The Bureau expresses its sympathies to the families of the victims of the tragic earthquake of 17 August 1999 and assures the Government of Turkey of its readiness to support the national efforts in the rehabilitation process. The Bureau notes its appreciation for the significant allocation of funds to the Fatih Municipality by the Government to prepare the conservation plan and to undertake rehabilitation activities in Zeyrek. The Bureau encourages the continued efforts of the Centre in mobilizing international technical support, particularly to expedite the elaboration of the 1/5000 scale urban development and conservation plan by Greater Istanbul and the 1/1000 scale detailed conservation plan by the Municipal authorities of Fatih and Eminonu. Finally, it request the State Party to submit a report to the Bureau through the Secretariat by 15 September 2000 of progress in corrective measures being carried out in Zeyrek and other historic areas of Istanbul to maintain the World Heritage values of this urban complex.”
Historic Areas of Istanbul
- Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
- Management activities
- Management systems/ management plan
- Other Threats:
Need to monitor movements which could affect the structure of the building
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).