No state of conservation report has been submitted by the State Party as of 20 April 2012. However, information was obtained from technical reports of the UNESCO/ Japanese Funds-In-Trust for the Preservation of the World Cultural Heritage of Bamiyan, Phase III project, and presentations made at the Tenth Bamiyan Expert Working Group Meeting held in Tokyo, Japan, from 6 to 8 December 2011. With regard to the implementation of the corrective measures, the following progress has been noted:
a) Ensure site security
It has been suggested to the State Party to undertake public awareness-raising and education programs in order to address the illicit traffic of antiquities; and further recommended the incorporation of recent excavations into the site security plan (e.g. MO/Oriental Monastery, MR/ Royal Monastery). This public awareness-raising activity had been organised in Bamiyan in mid June 2012.
b) Ensure long-term stability of the Giant Buddha niches and installation of a permanent monitoring system
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies were informed that accessibility to the lower gallery of the Eastern Buddha niche should be improved for safety purposes and that, although emergency stabilisation works on the Western Buddha had commenced since September 2011, urgent consolidations still needed to be undertaken, in particular at the entrance of the western niche, where a crack was subject to constant seismic vibration and in danger of imminent collapse.
c) Ensure adequate state of conservation of archaeological remains and mural paintings
Although the National Research Institute for Cultural Properties (NRICP), Tokyo, in close collaboration with national conservation technicians had undertaken and ensured some successful conservation of mural paintings in the Bamiyan cliff, these activities should be extended. Additional measures required include the identification and execution of emergency conservation actions for mural paintings as well as the archaeological investigation, cleaning, drainage, repairing and protection of archaeological remains, which should also be extended to other sites, notably for Shar-i-Zohak, Shar-i-Gholghola, Quala-i-Kaphari, Kakrak and Foladi. It has been reported the progressing land purchases by Afghan authorities, including lands which contain archaeological remains in Bamiyan Valley, particularly the sites recently excavated by the French archaeological mission.
d) Implement the Management Plan and the Cultural Master Plan
Progress is noted of the production of the first Annual Progress Report (June 2010-June 2011) for the Preparation of a Management Plan for the Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley, developed by experts of Aachen University (Germany) in close consultation with the local authorities in November 2011. They consider that a prerequisite in this process is the completion of an archaeological sites map which should be cross-read with the Cultural Master Plan in order to avoid damage to potentially embedded archaeological remains.
e) Interventions on two main niches where statues were destroyed
There has been no progress made in regard to the various propositions made by the different experts on potential interventions to the two main niches and their presentation.
f) Proposed development projects, notably the Foladi road construction
According to the information made available by UNOPS, the proposed road construction in Foladi Valley is to improve the critical road system in Bamiyan in order to Increase market access and opportunities for rural households, thereby contributing to the reduction of poverty and vulnerability in Foladi Valley, Bamyan. In addition, the World Heritage Centre had brought to the attention of the State Party that any planned development should be submitted and reviewed prior to taking any decisions that might be difficult to reverse in line with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines.
g) Approval of the Bamiyan phase IV project
The UNESCO/ Japanese Funds-In-Trust for the Preservation of the World Cultural Heritage of Bamiyan, Phase IV project, totalling USD 1.5 million for the period 2012- 2014, has been approved and is operational since late March 2012. The funds are to be used to implement a programme to safeguard the setting of the ‘Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley’ World Heritage property.
Outcome of the Tenth Expert Working Group Meeting (Tokyo, 6 – 8 December 2011)
The Tenth Expert Working Group meeting organized in Tokyo, Japan from 6 to 8 December 2011 discussed the current initiatives for the conservation and sustainable management of the property and considered these to be fully in line with the UNDAF (United Nations Assistance Development Framework) and the Afghan National Development Strategy. The conservation of the property was regarded to contribute to the promotion of peace and foster sustainable development for the Afghan people. Finally, it was proposed to redefine the timeframe for the Desired State of Conservation and the removal from the List of World Heritage in Danger over a longer period than initially anticipated (2013).