State of Conservation (SOC)
Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier (Germany)
Factors affecting the property in 1999*
- Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Construction of urban villas and proposed urban development scheme
International Assistance granted to the property until 1999
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Approved: 0USD
Missions to the property until 1999**
1996: joint UNESCO/ICOMOS mission
Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1999
Summary of previous deliberations: The Committee and its Bureau examined the state of conservation of this site on several occasions, particularly in reference to new constructions in the vicinity of the Roman amphitheatre. The Bureau at its twenty-second session (June 1998) expressed satisfaction that the main requirements to protect its integrity and authenticity had been met. It stressed that further attention was required for the integration of recently discovered archaeological remains and reiterated that an extension of the protected area to include the adjacent vineyards was highly desirable. It requested the German authorities to submit a report by 15 April 1999 for examination by the Bureau at its twenty-third session.
New information: A report prepared by the Ministry of Culture, Youth, Family and Women’s Affairs of Rheinland-Pfalz was received on 7 May 1999 stating that the building permit for the new constructions north of the amphitheatre was issued on 23 December 1998 with the following characteristics: removal of one building in order to ensure sufficient distance from the theatre; use of the western half of the site for green areas and access to the theatre; height limitation to the building closest to the theatre. The report also states that the recently discovered archaeological remains are incorporated in the plans. Consultations are taking place between the Regional Office for the Preservation of Monuments and the city authorities with regard to the possible extension of the World Heritage site. This report was transmitted to ICOMOS for advice.
The Bureau may wish to examine the above report from the German authorities and the advice of ICOMOS that will be available at the time of its session and take the appropriate decision thereupon.
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1999
Twenty-third session of the Bureau, Chapter IV.59
New information: The German authorities submitted a report and plans on the protection and development of the surroundings of the Roman amphitheatre including the following information:
· By municipal ordinance of 8 September 1999 an extended area around the Roman amphitheatre was declared a protected area. The area includes the areas along the Bergstrasse, the area north of the amphitheatre (the former Lowenbrauerei) and the hill and convent of Petrisberg;
· The building project for the Lowenbrauerei-area has been reduced from five to four blocks, providing a greater distance from the theatre; the height of the block closest to the theatre has been reduced;
· The draft plan on the proposed integration of the Roman water pipes and town ramparts in the Lowenbrauerei-area is not available yet.
The report and plans were transmitted to ICOMOS for review.
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1999
Roman Monuments, Cathedral and Liebfrauen Church in Trier (Germany)
A report prepared by the Ministry of Culture, Youth, Family and Women’s Affairs of Rheinland-Pfalz stated that the building permit for the new constructions north of the amphitheatre was issued on 23 December 1998 with the following characteristics:
- removal of one building in order to ensure sufficient distance from the theatre; - use of the western half of the site for green areas and access to the theatre;
- height limitation to the building closest to the theatre.
The report also states that the recently discovered archaeological remains are incorporated into the plans. Consultations are taking place between the Regional Office for the Preservation of Monuments and the city authorities with regard to the possible extension of the World Heritage site.
The Bureau expressed its thanks to the State Party for its report on the planning for and constructions in the surroundings of the Roman amphitheatre. However, in order that the new proposals may be more thoroughly evaluated, it requested the State Party to provide by 15 September 1999 detailed plans and drawings for consideration by the Centre and ICOMOS and examination by the twenty-third extraordinary session of the Bureau.
Change of Name of an Inscribed Property
VIII.3 The Committee approved the change of the name of the following property included on the World Heritage List:
"Sokkuram Grotto" to "Sokkuram Grotto and Pulguksa Temple" (Republic of Korea)
Concerning the request from Germany, that "Roman Monuments, Cathedral and Liebfrauen-Church in Trier" is changed to "Roman Monuments, Cathedral Saint Peter and St. Mary's Church in Trier", the Chairperson suggested consultations between the Centre and the State Party to define the correct English version.
State of conservation reports of cultural properties noted by the Committee
X.46 The Committee noted the decisions of the twenty-third extraordinary session of the Bureau as reflected in the Report of the Bureau session (Working Document WHC-99/CONF.209/6) and included in Annex VIII of this report on the following properties:
Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis (Argentina and Brazil)
The Jesuit Mission of Santa Ana (Argentina)
The Potala Palace, Lhasa (China)
City of Quito (Ecuador)
The Delegate of Ecuador informed the Committee that the volcano Pichincha had erupted on 5 October and November 26 1999 and that the National Institute for Cultural Heritage (INPC) and the Municipality of Quito had taken preventive measures to protect the population and the monuments.
Historic Centre of Tallin (Estonia)
Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (France)
Roman Monuments, Cathedral and Liebfrauen Church in Trier (Germany)
Ashanti Traditional Buildings (Ghana)
Churches and Convents of Goa (India)
Luang Prabang (Laos)
Island of Mozambique (Mozambique)
Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (Nepal)
The Observer of HMG of Nepal assured the Committee that the conservation of the Maya Devi Temple would be undertaken following international conservation norms prescribed by the World Heritage Convention. He informed the Committee that HMG of Nepal would be grateful to receive expert suggestions from UNESCO concerning the draft conceptual design for the Maya Devi Temple conservation work, as such advice would be a guideline for elaborating the details of the design under preparation. The Observer assured the Committee that the designs for the works at Maya Devi Temple, once completed, would be transmitted to UNESCO, as assured by HMG of Nepal. The Observer informed the Committee that a technical cooperation request for the organization of an international technical meeting to discuss the proposed project for the conservation, restoration, and presentation of the Maya Devi Temple, would be submitted, following the request of the Bureau at its twenty-third session.
Archaeological Site of Chavin (Peru)
City of Cuzco (Peru)
Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Philippines)
The Observer of the Philippines assured the Committee that the long-term integrated development plan of the site, including a tourism development plan for the site, would be submitted in due course to UNESCO, preferably before 15 September 2000. To ensure that the authenticity and sustainable conservation of this fragile site is maintained, the Observer stated that his Government would avail of the generous offer of the Committee to provide technical expertise under the World Heritage Fund.
Auschwitz Concentration Camp (Poland)
The Sokkuram Grotto and Pulguksa Temple (Republic of Korea)
Alhambra, Generalife and Albaycin, Grenada (Spain)
Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey)
The Observer of Turkey thanked the Bureau for the sympathies expressed for the victims of the earthquake this year. The Observer stated that Istanbul is the only one among the nine World Heritage sites in Turkey located in the region impacted by the August 1999 earthquake. While the damage can only be measured over time, initial assessment has noted minor cracks in several historic monuments including the Hagia Sophia, and four museums. Severe cracks have, however, been noted in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum, the conservation laboratory which is housed in an historic monument, in two historic library buildings, and in more than ten tombs as well as in the city walls (ramparts). The Committee was informed that the impact report of the second earthquake (in November 1999) on World Heritage sites had not been received by the Ministry of Culture of Turkey from its regional offices. The Observer said that a detailed report would be submitted to the Committee through the Secretariat as soon as it is completed.
With regard to the urban conservation plan of the historic peninsula of Istanbul, the Observer informed the Committee that the 1/5000 scale plan has just been completed and submitted to the Greater Istanbul Council and upon approval, will be transmitted to the Regional Conservation Council for clearance. As soon as this is officially approved, the 1/1000 scale plan will be prepared for the Fatih and Eminonu municipalities. In addition, the 1/500 scale detailed conservation plan for the Zeyrek district prepared by Istanbul Technical University, which was co-funded by the World Heritage Fund is about to be completed, and will be submitted to the Fatih Municipality for approval. The Observer thanked the UNESCO World Heritage Centre for having mobilized international support for the conservation of Istanbul's urban heritage, and in this regard, expressed particular appreciation for the financial support extended by the European Commission and the Government of France.
The Observer concluded her intervention by saying that due to the need to finance earthquake rehabilitation activities, the budget of all government services had been severely cut, including that of the Ministry of Culture. While on-going joint conservation projects with the municipalities of Istanbul will be continued, no expansion in the area of work or additional activities will be possible for 2000.
The Delegate of Greece called upon the Committee to provide support to Turkey in the rehabilitation of the earthquake damage. In this regard, she recalled her statement at the twenty-third extraordinary session of the Bureau, which pointed to the need to prioritize the object of international support in view of the vast conservation needs of the Istanbul World Heritage area. The Chairperson, in his personal capacity stated that this spirit of collaboration and solidarity expressed by Greece in favour of Turkey was a demonstration of the spirit of the World Heritage Convention.
The Bureau may wish to examine the views that will be presented by ICOMOS at the time of its session and take the appropriate decision thereupon.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).