State of Conservation (SOC)
Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (1999)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:0USD
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Heavy poaching;
- Lack of management plan;
- Possible transfer of the management of the site to a private foundation
Current conservation issues
Summary of previous deliberations:
Twenty-second session of the Committee – paragraph number VII.3 Twenty-third session of the Bureau – paragraph number IV.2
The President of the State Party has yet to respond to letters from the Director-General and the Chairperson, transmitting the recommendations of the twenty-second session of the Committee (Kyoto, Japan, 1998), inviting the President’s urgent intervention for the preparation of a detailed state of conservation report and a rehabilitation plan for the conservation of the site.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
X.3 Manovo-Gounda-St.Floris National Park (Central African Republic (CAR))
The Committee noted with concern that the President of the State Party has not responded to letters from the Director-General and the Chairperson, transmitting the recommendations of the twenty-second session of the Committee (Kyoto, Japan, 1998), inviting the President's urgent intervention for the preparation of a detailed state of conservation report and a rehabilitation plan for the conservation of the site. IUCN informed the Committee that it has received a report that calls for an urgent project formulation mission to the site. Other reports received from sources external to the State Party indicate continuing decline in the conditions of integrity of the Park. The EU project that started in 1988 was able to arrest some of the deteriorating conditions. But the implementation of that project was interrupted several times and with the final termination of the project due in 1999 the Park may become completely open to poachers. The reports received by the Centre and IUCN call for: (a) demonstration of national political will for the site's protection; (b) launching of a project integrating the management of the Park with the needs of local communities; (c) integrating village community leaders into the management of the Park; and (d) a participatory management regime that combines conservation and sustainable use of the site and the sensitization of national authorities and the local community to the need for such a management regime.
The Committee decided to retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Committee invited the Director-General of UNESCO and the Chairperson of the Committee to write once again to the President of CAR drawing his attention to their letters already sent in 1999 and calling for the President's urgent intervention to ensure protection of the site. The Committee requested UNESCO to collaborate with the Embassy of the CAR in France and urged both UNESCO and IUCN to work through their Offices in Central Africa and the UN Resident Coordinator's Office in the CAR to encourage the relevant authorities in the State Party to invite a Centre/IUCN mission to prepare a detailed state of conservation report and an emergency rehabilitation plan for the site.
The Committee may wish to retain this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Committee may invite the President of the State Party to urgently respond to the letters of the Director-General of UNESCO and the Chairman of the World Heritage Committee sent in early 1999. The Committee may request UNESCO and IUCN to collaborate their Offices in the region to encourage the relevant national authorities to invite a Centre/IUCN mission to the site to prepare a state of conservation report and an emergency rehabilitation plan.
Central African Republic
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Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1997
Threats to the Site:
The site was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger following reports of illegal grazing and poaching by heavily armed hunters, who, according to some reports, may have harvested as much as 80% of the park's wildlife. The shooting of four members of the park staff in early 1997 and a general state of deteriorating security have brought all development projects and tourism to a halt.
The government of the Central African Republic has proposed to assign site management responsibility to a private Foundation.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).