State of Conservation (SOC)
Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (1997)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:0USD
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Heavy poaching;
- Lack of management plan;
- Possible transfer of the management of the site to a private foundation
Current conservation issues
The Bureau may wish to recall that the Committee, at its twelfth session (1988, Brasilia), inscribed this property on the World Heritage List, following assurances given by the State Party in respect of its commitment to improve the conditions of integrity of the Park, notably with regard to poaching and illegal grazing. Moreover, the Committee had expressed the wish that a 10-year project, to be financed by EEC/FED at a cost of US$ 27 million, which had been launched at the time of inscription of this site on the World Heritage List, would soon show positive results. Two of the Committee members had however, expressed a reservation about the timing of this site's inscription on the World Heritage List.
At present, an emergency situation exists in the Park due to uncontrolled poaching by groups originating from within CAR, and from CAR's borders with Sudan, and Tchad. Poaching groups are heavily armed, enter the Park at will, set up camp and move large quantities of meat. No effective anti-poaching force exists in the Park and four Park staff had been killed in early 1997. In 1996, tourism came to a halt due to deteriorating security conditions and the EEC/FED Project has not provided any tangible benefits. The Government of CAR has given most of the site management responsibility to a private Foundation, which is hoping to raise US$ 700,000 in the first year of its operations. The Director of the Park and an assistant belonging to the Foundation are attempting to manage this vast area and have contacted the Centre to express their wish to include this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Link to the decision
VII.32 Manovo-Gounda-St.Floris National Park (Central African Republic)
The Committee recalled that it inscribed this property on the World Heritage List in 1988, following assurances given by the State Party in respect of its commitment to improve the conditions of integrity of the Park, notably with regard to poaching and illegal grazing. A 10- year project, financed by the European Union (EU) at a cost of US$ 27 million, and launched soon after the inscription of this site on the World Heritage List, was expected to show positive results in the future.
The Committee was seriously concerned that uncontrolled poaching by heavily armed groups, from within and outside of CAR has resulted in security problem, leading to the deaths of four Park staff in early 1997. According to IUCN, 80% of the Park's wildlife has been illegally harvested for commercial purposes. Deteriorating security conditions have brought tourism to a halt and the 10-year EC Project appears to have generated very few tangible benefits for the conservation of the site. The efforts of the Government of CAR to assign site management responsibility to a private Foundation were welcomed and the Foundation was encouraged to continue its efforts to raise funds and strengthen management of this vast World Heritage area.
The Committee decided to inscribe the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger and requested the Centre and IUCN to contact the State Party and the private Foundation to prepare a detailed state of conservation report and a rehabilitation plan for this site.
Link to the decision
VIII.4 The Committee examined the state of conservation reports contained in Working Document WHC-97/CONF.208/8BRev and decided to include the following natural properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:
- Okapi Faunal Reserve (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
- Kahuzi-Biega National Park (Democratic Republic of the Congo)
- Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park (Central African Republic)
The Bureau may wish to transmit the above report to the Committee for examination and recommend the following for adoption:
"The Committee expresses its serious concern over the integrity of this site and decides to include it in the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Committee requests the Centre and IUCN to contact the State Party, relevant authorities in EEC/FED and the private Foundation currently responsible for the management of the site and prepare a detailed state of conservation report and a rehabilitation plan for this site."
Central African Republic
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1993 1992 1990
Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1997
Threats to the Site:
The site was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger following reports of illegal grazing and poaching by heavily armed hunters, who, according to some reports, may have harvested as much as 80% of the park's wildlife. The shooting of four members of the park staff in early 1997 and a general state of deteriorating security have brought all development projects and tourism to a halt.
The government of the Central African Republic has proposed to assign site management responsibility to a private Foundation.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).