State of Conservation (SOC)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:85,000USD
|1994||Consolidation of the Pre Rupt monument in Angkor||50,000 USD|
|1993||Financial contribution for the installation of an alarm system at ...||20,000 USD|
|1992||Mission to prepare a Tentative List and a nomination dossier for ...||15,000 USD|
September 1997: legal expert mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Inadequate protective legislation;
- Inadequately staffed national protection agency;
- No permanent boundaries established and defined buffer zones;
- Need for monitoring and coordination of the international conservation effort
Current conservation issues
Assistance provided by the UNESCO Secretariat to the Cambodian authorities is connected with the obligations undertaken following the inscription of the site on the World Heritage List and List of World Heritage in Danger. Therefore, UNESCO organized a legal expert mission in September 1997, to prepare the decrees for application and classification laws indispensable for the implementation of the Law for the Protection of National Cultural Heritage, which was promulgated on 25 January 1996, which contains important clauses against illicit traffic in cultural heritage.
The International Co-ordination Committee for the Safeguarding and Development of the Historic Site of Angkor, of which UNESCO is the Secretariat, held a plenary session on 9 January 1997 and a Technical Committee session on 7 October 1997. It is recalled that the Committee ensures, in co-operation with the Cambodian authorities, the co-ordination and monitoring of international actions undertaken to preserve the site, conserve its monuments and protect its environment.
The balance of emergency assistance funds for the Temple of Pré Rup granted from the World Heritage Fund since 1994, continues to be used for the maintenance of the monument and the recording of structural anomalies.
Moreover, these anomalies can now be recorded thanks to the monitoring system installed by an Italian team. In spite of unrest in the region of Angkor in July 1997, the site on the whole, did not suffer any damage, although the materials of the teams were unfortunately pillaged. However, the work which was interrupted for security reasons has recommenced and is progressing normally. Due to these political events, negotiations concerning the tourist management of Angkor Park have not progressed.
The looting of monuments and illegal traffic in cultural property continues in the region. Of course, because of major efforts on the part of the Cambodian authorities, with support from UNESCO, in the zone of Angkor, numerous stolen objects have been seized and placed in safe keeping. The active presence of the heritage police on the site plays a dissuasive and repressive role. However, constant support is still required by them to meet this difficult task and numerous monuments and archaeological sites outside of the zone of Angkor continue to suffer from looting.
Thanks to the mobilisation of international support from UNESCO, ICOM and the media, many stolen objects have been returned to Cambodia over the past few years by their European, Asian and North American custodians.
International pressure should continue, however, and be increased if it is hoped to dry up the market for stolen and looted cultural property.
Further information from the Technical Committee meeting to be held in October 1997 will be made available at the Committee during the session.
Analysis and Conclusion
The Committee may wish to examine information that will be provided at the time of its session and take appropriate action thereupon.
Link to the decision
VII.25 Angkor (Cambodia)
The Secretariat reported on the efforts made by the Royal Government of Cambodia and progress made in the safeguarding activities of this site, including those co-ordinated by UNESCO and funded by France, Indonesia, Italy and Japan. The Secretariat reported that the safeguarding activities, which had been interrupted due to the unrest in the region of Angkor in July 1997, had recommenced and were progressing normally. The Delegate of Japan indicated that the second phase of the Japanese project for the safeguarding of Angkor would begin upon the completion of the first phase in November 1998.
With regard to the continuation of the looting of monuments and illegal traffic in cultural property in the region, the necessity to strengthen international support was emphasized. Although international support from UNESCO, ICOM and the media has resulted in many stolen objects being returned to Cambodia, international pressure is still necessary to dry up the market for stolen and looted cultural property. The Chairperson expressed the wish of the Committee for enforcement of existing legal instruments to strengthen the capacity of the Cambodian Local Authorities in their efforts to protect the cultural heritage of Angkor and in their fight against illicit traffic of cultural properties.
The Committee expressed its gratitude to the Cambodian Authorities, the International Co-ordination Committee for the Safeguarding and Development of the Historic Area of Angkor, and UNESCO for their efforts deployed for the safeguarding of Angkor. In order to increase the international support to the site of Angkor, the Committee decided to maintain the site on the List of the World Heritage in Danger.
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2014 2010 2008 2006 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993
Detailed List of SOC reports
Urgent problems of conservation
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1992 -2004
Threats to the Site:
Given the unique situation in Cambodia, which, in accordance with the Paris Accords, has been placed under the temporary administration of the United Nations since July 1991, and in order to deal with the urgent problems of conservation quickly and effectively, the Committee has inscribed the site of Angkor on the List of World Heritage in Danger, and has requested, on the recommendation of ICOMOS, that the authorities concerned take the necessary steps to meet the following conditions:
a) enact adequate protective legislation;
b) establish an adequately staffed national protection agency;
c) establish permanent boundaries based on the UNDP project;
d) define meaningful buffer zones;
e) establish monitoring and coordination of the international conservation effort.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).