State of Conservation (SOC)
Virunga National Park (1993)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:152,160USD
|1993||Financial contribution for the purchase of equipment for Virunga ...||20,000 USD|
|1992||Review of the state of conservation of World Heritage sites in ...||3,750 USD|
|1991||Purchase of a motor boat and of spare parts for motor boats for ...||40,000 USD|
|1990||Training of 2 specialists each from Salonga and Virunga National ...||4,750 USD|
|1988||Equipment to improve protective measures in Virunga National Park||40,000 USD|
|1980||Assistance for Virunga National Park (equipment and consultant ...||43,660 USD|
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Current conservation issues
The Bureau was deeply concerned to learn that due to recent political uncertainties in the country all donors, except WWF, have withdrawn their support to this Park. This has resulted in destruction of vegetation, poaching, agricultural encroachment and over-exploitation of fish populations in Lake Idi Amin. Since November 1992, the Park staff has not received salaries, and funds for operations and maintenance are not available. Several new settlements have appeared in the Park, particularly around Lake Idi Amin, and some gold mining and livestock grazing have also been reported. IUCN will report on an October 1993 field visit to this World Heritage site to assess current damage and suggest long-term options for conservation of the site.
The Bureau recommended that the Committee include the Virunga National Park in the List of World Heritage in Danger, unless this IUCN/WWF site visit in October 1993 provides sufficient evidence to the contrary. A formal and acceptable request for emergency assistance from the competent national authorities responsible for the management of this property has been received and the project has been executed.
Link to the decision
Virunga National Park (Zaire)
IUCN reported on the difficult social and economic situation which is creating serious negative impacts on Virunga National Park. However, the emergency assistance project funded by the World Heritage Fund and carried out by WWF since its approval by the Bureau in June 1993, had positive effects for the protection of the site. The Committee discussed in detail the impact of listing the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger and IUCN confirmed that Virunga National Park would definitely be a candidate for this procedure. After considerable discussion and a vote, the Committee agreed to address a letter to the Zairois authorities underlining serious concern for the protection and management of the site, particularly the serious recurring encroachments, and suggesting to the Government of Zaire to consider preparing a technical assistance request.
No draft Decision
Democratic Republic of the Congo
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993
Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1994
Threats to the Site:
Virunga National Park was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger at the 18th Session of the World Heritage Committee (1994) in the wake of the war in neighbouring Rwanda and the subsequent massive influx of refugees from that country which led to massive deforestation and poaching at the site.
Many members of the Park staff had not been remunerated for almost a year.
Poaching of wildlife has continued and the staff lacks the means of patrolling the Park's 650 km long boundary.
The human population in the fishing village near Lake Edward has increased several fold, posing a serious threat to the integrity of the Park.
The fuel wood requirements of almost one million refugees camping inside the Park is estimated at 600 metric tons/day and is leading to widespread depletion of forests in the lowlands.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).