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Amiens Cathedral

Amiens Cathedral

Amiens Cathedral, in the heart of Picardy, is one of the largest 'classic' Gothic churches of the 13th century. It is notable for the coherence of its plan, the beauty of its three-tier interior elevation and the particularly fine display of sculptures on the principal facade and in the south transept.

Cathédrale d'Amiens

La cathédrale d'Amiens, au cœur de la Picardie, est l'une des plus grandes églises gothiques « classiques » du XIIIe siècle. Elle frappe par la cohérence du plan, la beauté de l'élévation intérieure à trois niveaux et l'agencement d'un programme sculpté extrêmement savant à la façade principale et au bras sud du transept.

كاتدرائية أميان

تُعتبر كارتدائية أميان الواقعة في قلب منطقة بيكاردي من أكبر الكنائس القوطية الكلاسيكية الكبيرة العائدة للقرن الثالث عشر. وهي تسترعي الانتباه بترابط التصميم، وجمال ارتفاعها الداخلي على ثلاثة مستويات، وتنسيق برنامج منحوت في غاية البراعة يقع على الواجهة الرئيسة وعلى الجهة الجنوبية.

source: UNESCO/ERI

亚眠大教堂

亚眠大教堂位于皮卡第(Picardy)地区中心,是13世纪最大的古典哥特式教堂之一。整个教堂规划连贯协调,正面三层塔式向内高挺,造型优美,主厅和南交叉甬道的侧厅里装饰有极富古典美的雕刻,别具一格。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Кафедральный собор в городе Амьен

Амьенский собор в центре Пикардии – это одна из крупнейших "классических" готических церквей XIII в. Собор выделяется целостностью своего плана, красотой трехярусного внутреннего пространства и, в особенности, прекрасным собранием скульптуры на главном фасаде и в южном трансепте.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Catedral de Amiens

Situada en el corazón de la región de Picardía, la catedral de Amiens es una de las mayores iglesias góticas “clásicas” del siglo XIII. Este monumento impresiona por la coherencia de su trazado, la hermosura de su estructura interior con tres niveles y la inteligente disposición de las esculturas que ornan la fachada y el brazo sur del crucero.

source: UNESCO/ERI

アミアン大聖堂

source: NFUAJ

Kathedraal van Amiens

De kathedraal van Amiens ligt in het hart van Picardië en is een van de grootste – 145 meter lang en 70 meter breed – ‘klassieke’ gotische kerken van de 13e eeuw. De kathedraal is opmerkelijk vanwege de samenhang van zijn ontwerp, de schoonheid van de drie-rijen interieurverhoging, de grote overdekte galerijen, het triforium en de hoge ramen. Vooral bijzonder is de mooie uitstalling van beelden op de hoofdfaçade en in het zuidelijke dwarsschip. De kathedraal herbergt twee bronzen graven, die getuigen van 13e-eeuwse gieterijtechnieken. Waaronder die van Edward de Foutilloy, de bisschop die in 1220 begon met de reconstructie van de Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal van Amiens.

Source: unesco.nl

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Amiens cathedral © Editions Gelbart
Long Description

Amiens Cathedral, in the heart of Picardy, is one of the largest classic 13th-century Gothic churches. It is notable for the coherence of its plan, the beauty of its three-tier interior elevation, and the particularly fine display of sculptures on the principal facade and in the south transept.

Amiens was once a place of great strength, and still possessed a late 16th-century citadel, but the ramparts that surrounded it have been replaced by boulevards, bordered by handsome residences. The older and more picturesque quarter is situated directly on the Somme; its narrow and irregular streets are intersected by the eleven arms of the river and it is skirted on the north by the canal derived there from.

In the 13th century, motivated by the faith of their inhabitants, cities competed to build the most magnificent religious buildings. Thanks to technical progress, the experience gained from other building sites and the speed at which it was constructed, Notre-Dame of Amiens has a very rare uniform style. The height of the ceiling is about 42.3 m (compared with c. 37 m at Chartres and c. 38 m at Reims) and the width of the nave is about 14.6 m. The cathedral, erected on the plans of Robert de Luzarches, consists of a nave with aisles and lateral chapels, a transept with aisles, and a choir (with deambulatory) ending in an apse surrounded by chapels.

Amiens Cathedral was built in 1152 in Romanesque style and was destroyed by fire in 1218. Reconstruction was started around 1220 and the nave was completed around 1245. Reconstruction of the choir started began around 1238 and completed before 1269, and the most of this part of the building, including the transept, was completed in 1288. The south tower was constructed about 1366 and the north tower about 1401.

The French Revolution left the edifice, which has undergone only minor restorations (Galerie des Rois), practically untouched. In 1849 onwards, Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (1814-79) arranged and repaired the gallery over the rose window of the west facade and the top of the north tower.

The facade, which is flanked by two square towers without spires, has three portals decorated with a profusion of statuary, the central portal having a remarkable 13th-century statue of Christ; they are surmounted by two galleries, the upper one containing 22 statues of the kings of Judah in its arcades, and by a rose window. A slender spire rises above the crossing. The southern portal is remarkable for a figure of the Virgin and other statuary. The light inside the cathedral is also exceptional owing to the extremely high vaults, the large number of openings, and the glazed triforium above the choir and transept.

Inside the cathedral shows the sign of the new way of mature Gothic design such as the triforium of the choir, which was glazed with stained glass. Originally the triforium of the nave as well as the choir was to be fitted by stained glass, but it was eventually walled for structural reasons, owing to the 3m increase in the height of the nave.

The coherence of its plan, the beauty of its three-tier interior elevation, and the application of an extremely scholarly sculptural programme on its principal facade and the wing of the southern transept are striking. From 1292 to 1375, the cathedral was enriched by a series of chapels built between the buttresses of the side aisles. The style of the seven radiating chapels facing the double ambulatory of the choir became a model for other cathedrals. At the end of the Middle Ages, with the spire constructed above the transept crossing, the choir screen and the splendid stalls of the canons in sculpted wood, the cathedral assumed its present-day appearance.

Besides its prodigious 12th-century sculptural decor, the cathedral houses two bronze tombs, which are extremely rare testimonies to 13th-century foundry techniques: that of Geoffroy d'Eu and especially that of Edward de Foutilloy, the bishop who in 1220 undertook the reconstruction of Notre-Dame d'Amiens. Among other 14th-century works, that of the pier of Cardinal de la Grange with the statues of Andrè Beaunevau are especially notable.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC