The meeting was attended by 29 participants and experts from 17 countries, as well as by representatives of IUCN, ICOMOS, ICCROM, and the UNESCO World HeritageCentre.

The terms of reference of the expert meeting were defined by the Decisions of the World Heritage Committee at its 32nd (Quebec City, 2008, 32 COM 10B) and 33rd (Seville, 2009, 33 COM 10A) sessions respectively. The Meeting also took into consideration the reflections and the results of the two Vilm workshops on serial natural properties (2008 and 2009) and took into account the considerations necessary for cultural properties.