Take advantage of the search to browse through the World Heritage Centre information.

Coro and its Port

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Factors affecting the property in 2008*
  • Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Other Threats:

    Serious deterioration of materials and structures; Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Serious deterioration of materials and structures;

b) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property;

c) Lack of adequate management, planning and conservation mechanisms. 

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
  • Considerable decay of materials and structures resulting from lack of comprehensive conservation and maintenance and torrential rains in 2004 and 2005;
  • Deterioration of architectural and urban coherence compromising the integrity and authenticity of the property;
  • Lack of adequate and efficient management, planning and conservation mechanisms and institutional arrangements. 
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

a) Presidential signature of the PLINCODE (Plan Integral de Conservación y Desarrollo para Coro y La Vela), submitted to the authorities in August 2006;

b) Effective functioning of the management structure and institutional arrangements foreseen in the PLINCODE, with sufficient allocated resources;

c) Completion of comprehensive drainage systems as well as the rehabilitation of underground networks, public spaces, sidewalks and streets in the historical area;

d) Prioritized implementation of a comprehensive conservation plan. 

Corrective Measures for the property

a) Obtain official approval of the PLINCODE at the presidential level;

b) Reinforce the Framework Agreement for Emergency Intervention in the area of Coro and La Vela that the IPC signed with the mayors of the municipalities of Miranda and the regional government on 14 February 2006;

c) Create a Council to assist the Technical Office (OTAE) to plan the investment of resources, and to formulate and revise intervention projects on the infrastructure, buildings and public spaces of the property;

d) Formulate and prioritize a comprehensive conservation plan to complement the existing PLINCODE by defining a precise course of action with intervention criteria and monitoring mechanisms to assess its effectiveness and implementation;

e) Strengthen capacity building for conservation and restoration through existing opportunities of workshops with the schools of conservation in La Vela and in Coro;

f) Create awareness in the local community through exhibitions and community involvement.

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

a) The Presidential Commission was established in 2005 and the Framework Agreement with the local government was signed in February 2006.

b) A conservation plan was developed in 2007, and priority actions are currently being implemented (2008). Since PLINCODE has not been officially signed, the definitive timeframe has not been established. Following the Presidential signature to ensure its ratification, the necessary corrective mechanisms of PLINCODE can be fully implemented.  

UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds until 2008

Total amount provided to the property: USD 20,000 (Spanish Funds-in-Trust) for the planning, implementation and subsequent publications of participatory workshops and meetings with artisans and civil society in Coro and La Vela. 

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2008
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 2008**

2002, 2005 and 2008: Joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions 

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2008

The State Party submitted its state of conservation report on the property to the World Heritage Centre on 23 April 2008. In response to the request made by the World Heritage Committee (Decision 31 COM 7A.31), a joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS mission was carried out in May 2008. The objectives of the mission were to asses the state of conservation of the property, to define corrective measures and benchmarks in view of removing the site from the List of World Heritage in Danger. Additionally, the mission assessed the implementation of recommendations by prior monitoring missions.

The mission report recognizes the efforts made by the State Party to improve the state of conservation of the World Heritage Property and to respond to the decisions of the World Heritage Committee, as confirmed by:

a) The implementation of the endowment of USD 32 million for the implementation of emergency measures at the property;

b) The state of progress in the actions foreseen by the PLINCODE (Plan Integral de Conservación y Desarrollo para Coro y La Vela);

c) The technical tasks undertaken by the OTAE (Oficina de Atención a la Emergencia) in addressing the most urgent problems, as well as the resources allocated to the implementation of projects that cease the main causes of decay;

d) The implementation of financing systems for built heritage in public and private properties, and undertaking the structural consolidation of 147 buildings in the core and buffer zones of the property;

e) The finalization of major interventions in 23 buildings and the rehabilitation of the Iglesia Catedral de Coro;

f) The completion of the new integrated drainage system in Coro, and 85% completion in La Vela. The effectiveness of these projects can only be assessed definitively once the system is tested in response to natural conditions;

g) The advance of research applied to the conservation of traditional earthen constructions affected by termites;

h) The use of traditional mortars and pigments, in accordance with vernacular procedures.

 

Other progress:

a) The preparation and implementation of a participatory plan in conjunction with civil society and artisans to identify the values of the core and buffer zones of the property, in view of including this vision in the PLINCODE;

b) A campaign to enhance the technical and social role of the earthen artisans of the property, with the published results entitled, “Casas de Barro, Historias de Vida” (Houses of Earth, History of Lives), in order to improve the knowledge and awareness of the benefit of vernacular architectures among citizens. The activity has been financed by the Spanish Funds-in-Trust;

c) The priority projects have been implemented in spite of the social, political and economic costs of more visible projects;

d) The restriction of vehicle traffic throughout the Coro historic district;

e) Training policies have been reinforced by the National University Francisco Miranda and the Escuela Taller of the Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional (AECI);

f) A GIS database has been finalized for inventories and cadastral registration.

 

In December 2007, the Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural (IPC) organized a technical meeting involving international experts and representatives of ICOMOS of the Latin America and Caribbean Region. The meeting provided a forum to exchange views on the implementation of PLINCODE, identify common issues to be addressed regionally and generated recommendations for future action in conservation efforts in Latin America and the Caribbean, in accordance with the ongoing interventions which started in Coro and La Vela.

The 2008 mission underlined the important role played by the IPC, which has assumed a dynamic and essential mandate in linking the different governmental levels and in coordinating the diverse actions at the property, within the framework of an agreement with the municipalities of Miranda and Colina, the State of Falcon and Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA).

Several benchmarks have yet to be reached: The PLINCODE has not been approved by the President of the Republic of Venezuela in order to officially set up the management structure to supersede what exists today. The State Party has planned to set up a Foundation to ensure the technical coordination of the ongoing intervention, the sustainable fundraising to implement the foreseen action of the PLINCODE and the financial support for conservation and management needs in the medium and long term.

The PLINCODE needs to be further developed through the inclusion of standardized and prioritized conservation plans for specific programmes and projects in which there is a clear definition of intervention criteria, methodology for execution as well as monitoring mechanisms for effective and adequate implementation. In this regard the elaboration of specific directives for the protection of the Colina area is a matter of urgency. 

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2008
32 COM 7A.30
Coro and its Port (Venezuela) (C 658)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add.2,

2. Recalling Decision 31 COM 7A.31, adopted at its 31st session (Christchurch, 2007),

3. Notes with appreciation the important efforts made by the State Party to mitigate decay factors at the property and the actions implemented to date;

4. Also notes that the State Party has initiated participatory workshops to improve the awareness of earthen traditional techniques, and welcomes the assistance of the States Parties of Peru and Spain to develop capacity building for artisans and professional staff;

5. Urges the State Party to officially approve the PLINCODE (Plan Integral de Conservación y Desarrollo para Coro y La Vela) at the presidential level so as to fully complete the Plan and its implementation, and further recognizes that a commitment has been made to sign it by the end of July 2008 ;

6. Reiterates its requests to the State Party to develop, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value, including the conditions of integrity and authenticity, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 33rd session in 2009;

7. Endorses the recommendations made by the Reactive Monitoring mission of May 2008 and encourages the State Party to implement them, by following the prioritized corrective measures identified to meet the Desired state of conservation and timeline for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger;

8. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2009, a report on the progress made on the above for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 33rd session in 2009;

9. Decides to retain Coro and its Port (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Draft Decision: 32 COM 7A.30

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-08/32.COM/7A.Add.2,

2. Recalling Decision 31 COM 7A.31, adopted at its 31st session (Christchurch, 2007),

3. Notes the important efforts made by the State Party to mitigate decay factors at the property and the actions implemented to date;

4. Also notes that the State Party has initiated participatory workshops to improve the awareness of earthen traditional techniques;

5. Urges the State Party to officially approve the PLINCODE (Plan Integral de Conservación y Desarrollo para Coro y La Vela) at the presidential level as to fully complete the Plan and its implementation;

6. Endorses the recommendations made by the reactive monitoring mission of May 2008 and encourages the State Party to implement them, by following the prioritized corrective measures identified to meet the Desired state of conservation and timeline for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger;

7. Reiterates its requests to the State Party to develop, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, a draft Statement of outstanding universal value, including the conditions of integrity and authenticity, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 33rd session in 2009;

8. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2009, a report on the progress made on the above for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 33rd session in 2009;

9. Decides to retain Coro and its Port (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Report year: 2008
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Date of Inscription: 1993
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iv)(v)
Danger List (dates): 2005-present
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 32COM (2008)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


top