Take advantage of the search to browse through the World Heritage Centre information.

Bam and its Cultural Landscape

Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Factors affecting the property in 2011*
  • Housing
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Lack of a comprehensive management plan;

b) The boundaries of the property inscribed on an emergency basis were not aligned with the written text of the original Nomination File;

c) Development pressure related to the post-disaster reconstruction process.

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
  • Severe damage to the property caused by the earthquake in December 2003;
  • Development pressures related to the post-disaster reconstruction process.
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

See Decision 31 COM 7A. 22

Corrective Measures for the property

See Decision 31 COM 7A.22

UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds until 2011

Total amount provided to the property: USD 568,000 (2004-2007) from the UNESCO-Japan Funds-in-Trust; USD 300,000 (2005-2008) from the UNESCO Italy Funds-in-Trust; USD 20,000 (2004) from the World Bank Italian Trust Funds. 

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2011
Requests approved: 1 (from 2004-2004)
Total amount approved : 50,000 USD
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2011

The State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property on 31 January 2011. The report includes general information to substantiate the Statement of Outstanding Universal Value for the property. The reactive monitoring mission to the property, requested by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010) was not carried out due to unexpected last minute commitments by the State Party.

As for the actions implemented at the property in furtherance to the identified corrective measures, the State Party reports the following:

a) Management Plan and other planning tools

The Comprehensive Management Plan was adopted in 2010 by the Higher Council for Architecture and Urban development, as an annex to the Special Structural Master Plan of Bam. The comprehensive plan for the conservation of Bam Citadel was also updated and now includes precise actions for every sector of the Citadel, and has already been used to guide conservation actions throughout 2010. In addition, the comprehensive archaeological plan of the property, as well as the plan for the definition of it’s boundaries have been finalised. The report indicates that the plan for promotion and for tourism improvement has yet to be completed. To support the communication of results, professional seminars as well as Steering Committee meetings have taken place, with pending meetings with the Ministry of Housing to control construction works in Bam. The adoption of rules and regulations for Bam and its Cultural Landscape is still reported as pending. No precise timeframe has been provided for the expected completion of work.

b) Management arrangements and resources

The Safeguarding Unit and the Cultural Heritage Office (ICHHTO) have been established and are now staffed and resourced to ensure full operation, including the monitoring of sites throughout the property and the buffer zone. Migration from rural areas into the city has led to the increase in land price around the area and can constitute a threat to the existence of city gardens. ICHHTO has controlled this within the limits of the city and continues to supervise the surrounding areas prior to issuing permits.

Materials and equipment have been acquired but the State Party indicates that there is still a need to receive support to procure equipment for conservation interventions.

As for human resources, capacity building efforts, including training on interventions and archaeological works, have also continued to ensure the conservation of traditional know-how and therefore the long-term maintenance of the property.

c) Conservation of the property

Work has continued on the removal of debris, emergency stabilization and restoration of zones, focusing largely on the recovery of space for public use. These works have been fully documented and a unified monitoring system has been established to ensure compliance with developed standards for conservation. Research has also been carried out on water resources, urban plan development, documentation and preservation of archaeological findings.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2011

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note with satisfaction the sustained implementation of the corrective measures identified for the property and the progress made in the recovery of the historic area. They wish to underscore the importance of fully coordinating with the Ministry of Housing to ensure that construction works at Bam do not affect the attributes of the property and to control development in the surrounding areas, so that the landscape which supports the Outstanding Universal Value of the property is fully protected. 

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2011
35 COM 7A.26
Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Islamic Republic of Iran) (C 1208)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add,

2. Recalling Decision 34 COM 7A.24, adopted at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010),

3. Takes note of the State Party's for its sustained commitment to the conservation and protection of the property and encourages it to continue its efforts, particularly in regard to the control of construction and protection of the landscape;

4. Also encourages the international community to continue supporting conservation works with the required technical expertise and funding;

5. Reiterates its request to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the property to review the current state of conservation and to evaluate whether the Desired state of conservation has been achieved;

6. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre a progress report on the implementation of the correctives measures by 1 February 2012 for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session in 2012;

7. Decides to retain Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Islamic Republic of Iran) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

35 COM 8C.2
Establishment of the World Heritage List in Danger (Retained Properties)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following the examination of the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-11/35.COM/7A, WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add and WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add.Corr),

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:

  • Afghanistan, Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (Decision 35 COM 7A.24)
  • Afghanistan, Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (Decision 35 COM 7A.25)
  • Belize, Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System (Decision 35 COM 7A.15)
  • Central African Republic, Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (Decision 35 COM 7A.1)
  • Chile, Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (Decision 35 COM 7A.32)
  • Colombia, Los Katios National Park (Decision 35 COM 7A.16)
  • Côte d'Ivoire, Comoé National Park (Decision 35 COM 7A.2)
  • Côte d'Ivoire / Guinea, Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (Decision 35 COM 7A.3)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Virunga National Park (Decision 35 COM 7A.4)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Kahuzi-Biega National Park (Decision 35 COM 7A.5)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Garamba National Park (Decision 35 COM 7A.6)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Salonga National Park (Decision 35 COM 7A.7)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Okapi Wildlife Reserve (Decision 35 COM 7A.8)
  • Egypt, Abu Mena (Decision 35 COM 7A.19)
  • Ethiopia, Simien National Park (Decision 35 COM 7A.9)
  • Georgia, Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery (Decision 35 COM 7A.29)
  • Georgia, Historical Monuments of Mtskheta (Decision 35 COM 7A.30)
  • Iraq, Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) (Decision 35 COM 7A.20)
  • Iraq, Samarra Archaeological City (Decision 35 COM  7A.21)
  • Islamic Republic of Iran, Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Decision 35 COM 7A.26)
  • Jerusalem, Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (Decision 35 COM 7A.22)
  • Madagascar, Rainforests of the Atsinanana (Decision 35 COM 7A.10)
  • Niger, Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (Decision 35 COM 7A.11)
  • Pakistan, Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (Decision 35 COM 7A.27)
  • Peru, Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone (Decision 35 COM 7A.33)
  • Philippines, Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Decision 35 COM 7A.28)
  • Senegal, Niokolo Koba National Park (Decision 35 COM  7A.12)
  • Serbia, Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (Decision 35 COM 7A.31)
  • United Republic of Tanzania, Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (Decision 35 COM 7A.18)
  • Uganda, Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (Decision 35 COM 7A.17)
  • United States of America, Everglades National Park (Decision 35 COM 7A.14)
  • Venezuela, Coro and its Port (Decision 35 COM 7A.34)
  • Yemen, Historic Town of Zabid (Decision 35 COM 7A.23)
Draft Decision: 35 COM 7A.26

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add,

2. Recalling Decision 34 COM 7A.24, adopted at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010),

3. Takes note of the State Party’s for its sustained commitment to the conservation and protection of the property and encourages it to continue its efforts, particularly in regard to the control of construction and protection of the landscape;

4. Also encourages the international community to continue supporting conservation works with the required technical expertise and funding;

5. Reiterates its request to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the property to review the current state of conservation and to evaluate whether the Desired state of conservation has been achieved;

6. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre a progress report on the implementation of the correctives measures by 1 February 2012 for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session in 2012;

7. Decides to retain Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Islamic Republic of Iran) on the List of World Heritage in Danger. 

Report year: 2011
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Date of Inscription: 2004
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
Danger List (dates): 2004-2013
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 35COM (2011)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


top